The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain have sealed the normalization of relations with Israel in the presence of US President Donald Trump.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the UAE and Bahraini Foreign Ministers Abdullah bin Sajid and Abdullatif al-Sajani signed various agreements in the garden of the White House in Washington, under which peace, the establishment of diplomatic relations and the "full normalization" of relations are agreed were.
"This is an incredible day for the world," Trump said shortly before the signing.
"After decades of division and conflict, we are celebrating the dawn of a new Middle East."
Trump had campaigned for rapprochement between Israel and the UAE and Bahrain.
The UAE and Israel had already decided to normalize their relations in mid-August.
On Friday, Trump announced that the Kingdom of Bahrain would also follow the example of the UAE.
The normalization of relations between Israel and the US's Arab allies in the region is a central goal of Trump's Middle East policy, who seeks to isolate Iran.
A total of four Arab countries now have diplomatic relations with Israel: in addition to Bahrain and the UAE, Egypt and Jordan.
In return for the agreement, Israel wants to suspend the planned annexation of areas in the occupied West Bank, which the Palestinians claim for their own state.
However, the agreements that came about through US mediation do not address the decades-long conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.
Critics complained that the agreements ignored the Palestinians.
So far, the Arab states have pursued the approach of making the resolution of the conflict with the Palestinians a condition for normalizing relations with Israel.
Palestinians speak of "agreement of shame"
The Palestinians have been boycotting the US government since Trump unilaterally recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel in late 2017 and moved the US embassy there from Tel Aviv in May 2018.
You accuse Trump of a unilateral pro-Israeli policy.
Many Palestinians view the recent agreements as treason.
Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated in the West Bank and Gaza Strip before the agreement was signed.
They carried posters with inscriptions such as "Treason", "No normalization with the occupiers" or "Agreement of shame".
Portraits of Netanyahu as well as of Abdullah bin Sajid and Abdullatif al-Sajani were partially burned.
There was also a rocket alarm in southern Israel while the ceremony was going on in Washington.
According to the Israeli military, two rockets were fired at Israel from the Gaza Strip.
The Iron Dome defense system intercepted a missile, the army said.
According to media reports, two people were injured in the city of Ashdod.
A spokesman for the Israeli ambulance service said the two people were injured by broken glass.
Four other people are in shock.
Both the radical Islamic Hamas in the Gaza Strip and the moderate Fatah in the West Bank had sharply criticized the agreement after it became known in mid-August and last week.