Berlin (dpa) - The difficult structural change in the auto industry with the switch to electromobility endangers hundreds of thousands of jobs in the industry according to the analysis of an expert commission.
If the competitive situation of German industry in electromobility does not improve in the coming years and the import requirement for battery cells and electric vehicles continues to increase, a "significant decrease in employment" could be expected by 2030, according to the report of a working group of the Commission Nationale set up by the Federal Government Platform future of mobility.
In an extreme scenario, up to 410,000 jobs are at risk. The "Handelsblatt" had previously reported about it.
On Wednesday, Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) will meet representatives of trade unions and the auto industry association VDA in the Chancellery. The focus is likely to be on the change in the industry.
In the report of the working group presented on Monday it says: "Even if this extreme scenario can be averted due to a better development of domestic offers of electric vehicles and domestic production of batteries, the following applies: In no case will the automobile manufacturers continue to be equally responsible for such added value and Can provide employment along the supply chain, as is the case today. »
The head of the working group, IG Metall boss Jörg Hofmann, said according to the announcement that the market launch of electromobility by 2030 due to European and national climate protection regulations and further increases in efficiency due to increasing automation in production had an increasing impact on employment structures.
Compared to previous results, the personnel requirements in the new electromobility scenarios continue to decline, also because productivity will increase further in the future due to higher automation. The manufacture of electric vehicles is more automatable.
In addition to IG Metall, the working group also includes companies such as VW, Daimler, Siemens, BASF and research institutes.
Hofmann called for concrete steps from companies and politics. Almost half of the companies in the organizational area of IG Metall - especially small and medium-sized suppliers - have no strategy for structural change. "This endangers hundreds of thousands of jobs," Hofmann told the "Handelsblatt". Future collective agreements and binding commitments for investments in new business models, products and development contracts are needed.
The IG Metall boss had already said in December that many small suppliers had financing problems with the transition from the internal combustion engine to alternative drives. In addition, there would be declines in orders. Hofmann had spoken out in favor of making short-time working benefits easier, and that measures accompanying the labor market policy were urgently needed.
So far, electric cars in Germany have not yet made a breakthrough on the mass market despite the increasing number of registrations. Electric mobility plays a central role in the federal government's climate protection program, which aims to achieve the 2030 climate targets, particularly in traffic. For this, a number of 7 to 10 million electric cars in Germany will be considered necessary by 2030. The automotive industry is also dependent on significantly more e-cars in the coming years due to stricter EU climate requirements.
FDP transport politician Oliver Luksic alarmed the figures in the Commission's interim report. "The federal government must finally pursue technology-open policies." Greens transport politician Stephan Kühn said: "Employees at car manufacturers and suppliers now need planning security and training opportunities. The Federal Government must therefore enable short-time training for car manufacturers and suppliers in order to improve the chances of employees and companies with foresight. »
Working group report