The first financial allowances for surviving relatives and victims of the train transports to the extermination camps, which were carried out by the Dutch Railways (NS) during the Second World War, were paid out on Thursday, a spokesperson for the Individual Allowance for Victims of WWII Transporten NS reports to NU. NL.
In November 2018, NS CEO Roger van Boxtel announced that the NS would compensate victims and relatives of the transports. Since August 5, 2019, people have been able to apply for such compensation.
Since August, 5,800 applications for an allowance have been submitted, of which 3,800 have been assessed so far. Of these, 3,314 (87 percent) of the applications were approved and 513 (13 percent) were not. The fact that some applications have been rejected is partly due to the fact that applicants do not fall under the target group of compensation.
The target group of the allowance are direct victims of the transports, widows, widowers, children and heirs of the victims. In total they have already received € 25 million in benefits. The people directly involved in the transports, so far five hundred, each receive 15,000 euros. The other applicants receive between 5,000 and 7,500 euros, whereby the children and heirs of a victim must share the amount together.
Applying for an allowance is possible until August 5, 2020. "The average handling of an application takes thirteen weeks, although that can of course turn out to be a complex matter," said a spokesperson for the Individual Allowance Committee.
NS earned 2.5 million euros
During the war, the Dutch Railways (NS) earned about 2.5 million euros from the transport of Jews to concentration camps, among others. The NS was asked by the Nazis to make train sets available for those transports and to prepare a special timetable for them.
The people who were transported by train to concentration camps had to pay for their own train tickets and if that did not work out, the Dutch Railways sent an invoice to the Nazis.
In 2005 the Dutch Railways already acknowledged guilt and apologized for the company's actions during the Second World War.
161First transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz 75 years ago