The Federation of German Industries (BDI) has criticized the so-called Green Deal by EU Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen and warned against stricter climate targets at EU level. BDI President Dieter Kempf told the German Press Agency that this would lead to further uncertainty among consumers and companies. "Constant increases in the target level are poisonous for long-term investment and increasingly lead to technical, economic and social limits".
Von der Leyen is planning a comprehensive legislative program to convert energy supply, industrial production, transport and agriculture within 30 years in a climate-friendly way. The announcement is intended as a signal to the ongoing UN climate conference in Madrid and to the EU summit on Thursday, which also has the goal of climate neutrality by 2050 on the agenda.
Climate neutrality means that from 2050 no new greenhouse gases from Europe will reach the atmosphere to stop global warming at 1.5 degrees. For this purpose, most of the greenhouse gases produced, for example, when burning coal, oil or gas and in agriculture, must be avoided and the rest stored. The Green Deal includes an interim target for 2030: By then, the emissions should be 50 to 55 percent below the 1990 level. So far, the EU has committed a minus of 40 percent.
The approach of the European Commission is too one-sided, said Kempf. "Europe's sustainability depends not only on the green objectives of the Green Deal, international competitiveness must be an equally important goal, as the necessary trillions of investment in climate and environmental protection must be made by a competitive and innovative industry."
A comprehensive availability of climate-friendly energy in the form of electricity, gases and fuels is essential. "Domestic wind and solar energy will not be enough to meet Europe's future of affordable energy, and Europe needs to open up new global markets."
EU Council President Charles Michel, on the other hand, called on all member states to support the Green Deal. "That would be an important signal from the European Council that the EU wants to take global leadership in this enormously important issue," Michel wrote in his letter of invitation to Heads of State and Government. However, Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic still face each other.
"It can not stay with melodious headlines"
Above all, green and environmentalists criticize the fact that this new milestone is to be lashed out only in the autumn of next year and that the Green Deal is initially only the announcement of a large number of laws and programs in the years 2020 and 2021.
"It is right to put climate protection and sustainability forward in the form of a green deal," said Green Party boss Annalena Baerbock the editorial network Germany. "But it must not stay with melodious headlines." Baerbock in particular called for a change of course in agricultural policy. "If the Green Deal is serious, the Common Agricultural Policy needs to be fully reformed," she told the RND.
The Green Deal is to be approved by the European Commission in the morning. In the afternoon, von der Leyen presents the plan in a special session of the European Parliament. On Thursday, heads of state and government will then discuss at the EU summit whether they will officially accept the goal of climate neutrality in 2050. There is still resistance from the EU states Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, which rely heavily on coal. They demand support for the high costs of converting the energy supply.
The aim is to help a "fund for just change", with which von der Leyen wants to mobilize 100 billion euros for particularly affected regions. The total cost of the Green Deal is much higher: Von der Leyen is investing in the amount of one trillion euros.
Climate change - What if we do nothing? Forest fires, ice melt, storms: Man feels the global warming. What's the future like? Climatologist Stefan Rahmstorf explains our world 4 degrees more.