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Background: What you need to know about the election


TIME ONLINE | News, backgrounds and debates

Erfurt (dpa) - pitfalls and peculiarities of the election in Thuringia at a glance:

CONTRACTORS: The main contractors are former Prime Minister Bodo Ramelow (left) and CDU lead candidate Mike Mohring. The 63-year-old Ramelow aggressively advertises a continuation of its alliance of Left Party, SPD and Greens. Also SPD and Greens want to continue to govern in this constellation. Mohring, on the other hand, never tires of warning against a renewed participation of the left. The 47-year-old attacks Red-Red-Green mainly in the areas of education, energy policy and homeland security.

STARTING POSITION: The days when the CDU ruled with an absolute majority in Thuringia are over. In surveys, the Left was recently with 28 percent ahead, the CDU came to 24 to 26 percent, while the AfD with its controversial leading candidate Björn Höcke depending on the survey on 21 to 24 percent would come. The Social Democrats are threatened with slipping to a single-digit result - in recent surveys they were 9 percent. The Greens would also according to the surveys of their desired goal in the double-digit range far away. Most recently, they were 7 to 8 percent, the FDP came in fifth in the Thuringian state parliament initially 88 seats are to be awarded. Compensation and overhang mandates may increase the number of MPs.

PERSPECTIVES: For a new edition of red-red-green, it could be scarce - especially because Ramelow's allies partner SPD is weakening. It will also be decisive whether the FDP, which is currently not represented in the state parliament, creates the five-percent hurdle and moves back into parliament. Then Red-Red-Green would need more mandates for a majority. If red-red-green is not enough, forming a government could be difficult. At least mathematically it could be enough for surveys for alliances of the CDU with the AfD or with the left - but both have excluded the Christian Democrats. Also, an alliance of the CDU, SPD, Greens and FDP in a so-called Zimbabwe coalition, as they had brought Mohring into the game, would possibly no majority according to recent surveys.

AT LEAST THREE PARTIES: Due to the special constellation, it is already foreseeable that the SPD and the Green Party can hope for government participation. Because both Mohring and Ramelow would depend on them - even in a possible minority government. To form a government in Thuringia in politically not excluded constellations, probably at least three parties will be necessary, maybe even four.

TRANSITION: According to the Thuringian Constitution, Ramelow remains in office after the election until a new prime minister is elected. There is no deadline until when this has to happen at the latest, unlike in some other states in Thuringia.

MINORITY GOVERNMENT: If no politically conceivable coalition finds a majority, it could result in a minority government in Thuringia. In this case, for example, Ramelow's alliance would have to be tolerated by another party - the CDU, the AfD or the FDP. Conversely, Mohring could also try with a minority government. For the election of the Prime Minister in the third ballot only a relative majority is required - and no absolute majority as in the first two ballots.

WÄHLER: Around 1.7 million Thuringians are allowed to vote. Among them are 75,000 who can vote for the first time. The strongest group of voters, according to the National Statistics Office, are the over-60s. For the first time in the Free State also people in so-called full care to vote. The Thuringian parliament had cleared the way for it this year. The new regulation concerns, for example, the disabled or people in mental health care.

Polls Thuringia

Source: zeit

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