Berlin (dpa) - The current calendar sheet for October 16, 2019:
42nd calendar week, 289th day of the year
76 more days until the end of the year
Zodiac sign: Libra
Nameday: Gallus, Gerhard, Hedwig, Herburg
2018 - For her novel «Milkman», the Northern Irish author Anna Burns receives the Man Booker Literary Prize, the most important British literary award, in London. The book is about an 18-year-old civil war in Northern Ireland.
2002 - Egyptian President Husni Mubarak opens the new Bibliotheca Alexandrina in the port city of Alexandria.
1994 - In a referendum, 57 percent of the Finnish population is in favor of joining the European Union.
1986 - The South Tyrolean Reinhold Messner reaches the summit of the 8516 meter high Lhotse in Nepal. He was the first mountaineer to conquer all 14 eight-thousanders of the earth.
1964 - The People's Republic of China fires its first nuclear bomb.
1944 - In the Second World War, Soviet troops invade Goldap in East Prussian territory.
1919 - The Reichsverband der Deutschen Handwerks is formed in Hanover.
1919 - The Sacré-Coeur Basilica on Montmartre in Paris is inaugurated after the end of the First World War (and the Treaty of Versailles). It was built from 1875-1914.
1846 - In Boston, Massachusetts, USA, the first surgical procedure is performed on a patient after previous ethereal anesthesia.
1959 - Andres Veiel (60), German director («Balagan», «Who if not us») and author
1954 - Corinna Harfouch (65), German actress («Helen,« Downfall »,« Solo for clarinet »)
1947 - David Zucker (72), American director and scriptwriter («The Naked Cannon»)
1927 - Günter Grass, German writer ("The Tin Drum", "The Rat") and graphic artist, Nobel Prize for Literature 1999, d. 2015
1854 - Oscar Wilde, Irish writer ("The Portrait of Dorian Gray", "The Ghost of Canterville"), d. 1900
1997 - James A. Michener, American writer ("The Children of Torremolinos"), born. 1907
1959 - George C. Marshall, American general and politician, chief of staff 1939-45, foreign minister 1947-49, secretary of defense 1950-1951, proposed in 1947 an economic development program for Europe - the "Marshall Plan", Nobel Peace Prize 1953, b. 1880