Fourteen aid organizations, including Oxfam Novib and Doctors of the World, warn Thursday of a humanitarian crisis in Northeast Syria. At least 60,000 people have fled since the Turkish invasion.
"If the offensive continues, 300,000 people run the risk of being displaced," warns the International Rescue Committee.
An estimated 450,000 people live within 5 kilometers of the Syrian-Turkish border, which is under Kurdish rule. Among them are more than 90,000 displaced persons, who have already fled the war in other parts of Syria.
Many humanitarian workers are also employed in the region. "According to local reports, facilities such as medical care and water supply are at risk," said Dokters van de Wereld. Some care providers are said to have left themselves, others are stuck.
The Turkish army invaded Syria on Wednesday and since then there has been heavy fighting in the border region, mainly around the larger border cities. Turkey is carrying out air bombing in the Kurdish area, among other things, but the Kurdish militias are also fighting back.
39Turkey is carrying out air strikes in Syria
UN Security Council divided over Turkish offensive
Turkey has renamed the raid 'Peace Spring' and states that it is in favor of President Bashar Al Assad's Syrian government. The country wants to "restore democratic structure" and repatriate millions of Syrian refugees.
However, many Kurds live in the region, who fought with the US against the Islamic State (IS). The attack is therefore aimed at the Kurdish fighters, who are seen by Turkey as terrorists. US President Donald Trump announced last week that his troops would be taken back, paving the way for Turkey.
Due to the many years of civil war in Syria, Turkey houses around 3.6 million Syrian refugees. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to send these millions of displaced people to Europe on Thursday, if the EU treats the Turkish invasion as an invasion or occupation.
The Turkish attack has led to fierce criticism worldwide. The UN Security Council met behind closed doors on Thursday to discuss the situation. The five European Council members have called for an end to the offensive, but Russia - Al Assad's ally - thinks it is a matter between Syria and Turkey. Turkey responded by calling the attack "proportional".
See also: Why Turkey launched a military offensive in Syria