Frankfurt / Main (dpa) - With its new E-midsize car ID.3 Volkswagen wants to mark the departure into the mass-capable electric mobility. But climate protectors are demanding far more efforts from the auto companies to launch the IAA than just fresh models.

Never before have so massive protests been announced at the industry trade fair starting in Frankfurt on Thursday (12 September). In the center of criticism are not only since the devastating accident in Berlin with four pedestrians killed the city SUVs. Whether they have classic combustion engines or highly potent electric drives under the hood hardly matters anymore.

Today, the IAA is entering its pre-program. Before the official opening on Thursday with Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) manufacturers and suppliers are looking for a conversation with the media. The program includes appointments at manufacturers VW, Daimler, BMW, Ford and Opel. The major suppliers Continental, Bosch, ZF and Schaeffler are also represented with their own events.

On Monday, despite the presentation of the new VW electric car ID.3, there had been massive opposition to the model policy of the industry, which currently wants to sell mainly SUVs. These were already unsuitable because of their weight and energy and space requirements, critics had declared and demanded a sales stop. On the first two public days of the IAA, large demonstrations and protests are planned on Saturday and Sunday (14 and 15 September).

Greenpeace complains that the car industry is doing too little to change to pure, lighter and smaller electric vehicles. According to an analysis by the environmental protection organization, the long-term CO2 emissions caused by the twelve largest automakers in 2018 were above the EU's current greenhouse gas emissions. The corresponding "footprint" - it estimates the emissions of the wagons over their entire life cycle - amounted to approximately 4.3 billion tons of CO2 in the passenger cars sold last year. This amount surpasses that of absolute output of all EU countries (4.1 billion tonnes).

As a result, the VW group was responsible for the largest single tonnage (582 million tonnes of CO2) ahead of Renault-Nissan (577 million tonnes) and Toyota (562 million tonnes). Daimler (161 million tons) and BMW (136 million) came in eleventh and twelfth - together with the VW brands their value exceeded the current emissions of Germany (866 million tons). However, these values ​​are only directly comparable with the annual emissions: The "footprint" includes the entire CO2 balance from production to use to the recycling of a car.

Greenpeace appealed to companies to be more resolute in gasoline, diesel and hybrid powertrains. Their sale must stop no later than 2028. "Attempts to improve the efficiency of the internal combustion engine and promote hybrids are nothing but emergency solutions," criticized traffic expert Benjamin Stephan.

VW emphasized that they now have clear targets: "By 2025, the CO2 footprint of the vehicle fleet should be reduced by 30 percent compared to 2015. And this over the entire life cycle. This goal is derived from the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. "A spokesman said that the Group is aiming for" full decarbonisation "by 2050. By 2025, CO2 emissions from all plants should also halve compared to 2010. Daimler's works should be CO2-neutral by 2022, the entire group by 2039.

Critics see the car maker with climate and environmentally friendly mobility but still under pressure. They demand speed limits, smaller and more purely electrically powered cars and a fundamentally different traffic policy. The SUV production must end.

The German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) is trying to get into conversation with the critics. The IAA has changed from a car show to a mobility fair, said association director Bernhard Mattes. The long-term goal remains CO2-neutral mobility in 2050.

VW CEO Herbert Diess emphasized: "We believe that the car in the new world still has a great future." The ID.3 is "more than a new model". "This is the car that is expected of us now." It was a "decisive moment".