Less barriers, more space: associations present 10-point plan for expanding wind energy
TIME ONLINE | News, backgrounds and debates
Berlin (dpa) - Shortly before the wind energy summit industry and environmental organizations have submitted a ten-point plan for a faster expansion of wind energy on land.
It is about reducing barriers and increasing the availability of space for further expansion, according to a paper available to the German Press Agency. It also needed a "clear commitment" from the Federal Government, the Bundestag and the federal states to climate protection and thus to the expansion of renewable energies.
In order to strengthen local acceptance, a nationwide uniform and regular financial participation of local and neighboring municipalities should be introduced. In many places there are citizens' initiatives against wind turbines.
In the first half of the year, the expansion of wind power on land in Germany had almost come to a standstill. The Federal Wind Energy Association had complained of a permit jam and a flood of lawsuits. Economics Minister Peter Altmaier (CDU) has invited the industry, countries and citizens' initiatives to a crisis meeting on Thursday in Berlin.
The federations call in the paper, federation and countries should develop a strategy, so that more areas for the wind energy use are expelled. «Achieving the expansion target and high cost efficiency due to competition depends crucially on the availability of space.»
Flat-rate regulations on the distance between wind turbines and residential buildings are counterproductive because they drastically restrict the supply of available space - in the Union, for example, there are voices for such blanket regulations. So far, there are different distance regulations from state to state.
The associations further argue that the Federal Nature Conservation Act provides "explicit clarification" that there is a "predominant interest" in the expansion of wind turbines that justifies exceptions to species protection under clearly defined conditions. The protection of nature and species is by far the main cause of action against new wind turbines, according to an analysis by the Wind on Land Agency.
The paper comes from the energy association BDEW, the wind industry associations BWE and VDMA Power Systems, the municipal association VKU and the environmental protection organizations Greenpeace, WWF, Germanwatch and DUH.
In the course of the energy transition, coal, gas and nuclear power will be replaced by renewable energy sources. By 2022, the last nuclear power plant will be shut down, by 2038, the coal exit is planned. The share of green electricity is expected to rise to 65 percent by 2030 - in the first half of 2019, the contribution to covering electricity consumption was 44 percent, according to figures from the energy association BDEW.
The goal of 65 percent is only possible with a forced expansion of photovoltaic systems, wind energy at sea and wind on land, according to the paper. "Wind energy on land remains the driving force behind the energy turnaround."
Wind energy statistics 1st half of 2019