KatjaMeier from the Greens stands out in the Saxon election campaign. And not primarily because their party in surveys unusually high results are forecasted. But above all, because they are always the only woman in the debates mentioned in the elephant rounds, to which the top candidates of the most important parties constantly meet in the campaign final spurt. Katja Meier is also standing in the bright red dress between loud dark suits.
Their presence also means that suddenly it becomes obvious that other women are missing. "In my election campaign, I feel that people are addressing me as the only top candidate," says Katja Meier. This eligibility is an advantage for their electorate, gender equality is one of the core themes of Greens. By contrast, the 39-year-old does not experience discussions with the other parties quite as easily. "I perceive that it makes a difference to what I am seen as a woman, and in the debates one has to assert oneself as a woman much more and take the space," she says. "Attempting to offend irritates the public perception far too often, and I've never heard criticism of that against a man."
State parliament election in Saxony - "This election campaign is decided by attitude" Katja Meier, top candidate of the Greens in Saxony, focuses on gender equality and climate policy in the election campaign. Her party won in surveys in the East last added. © Photo: Sebastian Kahnert
But the Saxon election campaign is not just a man's business at the top level. Also on the state lists and in the direct candidates of most of the party women are outnumbered. So you have fewer chances to get top office. But women are less involved in politics overall. In most parties, significantly more men than women are members. Is that the case with women because too few people want to help shape politics? Are the parties acting as a deterrent to many? Or is not the question of gender relations so important?
Men also dominate at the Green Base
Imlinken spectrum is equal to the political everyday. The Saxon Greens are led by a double top, Listplatzeins belongs to a woman, in this election campaign Katja Meier. The Landesliste der Grünen has equal numbers of votes - odd places for women, just open to all. Of the 60 direct Saxon candidates nominated by the district associations, 37 are men and 23 are women. But at the SaxonGreen base the situation is different. Although more women have recently joined the party, including the Fridays for Future movement, the proportion of men among members is still around 64 percent. Politics must become more feminine, says Katja Meier. It needs "legal framework conditions to finally implement equality everywhere in politics and society". And: "Political work has to be structured in such a way that everyone who wants to get involved can do so, starting with meetings, talking about redelists and childcare at meetings."
The Saxon SPD is again represented by the leading candidate Martin Dulig. "Because the party has simply decided for him," explains his Secretary General Henning Homann. And adds quickly: "But after all, we have in the previous government with the CDU two out of three ministers." The SPD country list is quoted, with at least 40 percent for each gender, currently 36 men and 24 women are represented. But even the Saxon SPD base, the proportion of women is low. Of the nearly 5,000 Saxon members, about 74 percent are men. "I believe that political structures often reproduce, as do all structures, and a party that has an abundance of men is also more attractive to men," says Homann. "This shows just how important the quota is, and only a policy that is outwardly best for women, half of it is also becoming more interesting to women." In addition, it is about "cultural sensitivity", which must be enforced in a party. "That women are not interrupted when they say that they are not ridiculed when they run for top positions."
Saxony - "We want to continue to be part of the government" The SPD lead candidate Martin Dulig wants to co-decide after the state election. But the new coalition should not be the lowest common denominator, said Dulig. © Photo: Hendrik Schmidt / dpa
You have to motivate women
Rico Gebhardt, once again the leading candidate of the Saxon Left, elected in a ballot vote, also experiences that women are less likely to hold high office positions. "The way politics is done is not exactly engaging." The confrontations have become even harder in recent years "He says," And it's often about power. " Do women have less interest in it? There are a lot of female examples of power and networking in my party, but many of the women I know in the party do not come by themselves to run, they have to, and that's not bad , address and motivate: 'Hey, you can!' "In men, such self-doubt is less common. For example, I know many women in refugee initiatives, they just do it, while men tend to talk, when do we do it, how do we do it, with whom do we do it. "So far, the left has raised the women's quota in the Saxon parliament the most Group sit most women. On the current state list, the women's quota is 53 percent, with the direct candidates 38 percent. The proportion of women in the party members is also comparatively high at 43 percent. But among the new members are increasingly more young men than women.
Less thoughts on this topic makes you look at the Saxon FDP. The proportion of women is traditionally low. There are 54 men and nine women on the national list, and the ratio is similar for direct candidates. "There are no stipulations at the FDP, because it's about people, about achievement justice, not about gender," says Secretary General Torsten Herbst. "We are not quota fans, even our women refuse." Also for the FDP voters egg the gender issue is not so important. "I've never seen it as a problem, but within the party, having more women involved is an issue, and we have a long way to go."