In Mexico, more than 45,000 immigrants without valid papers have been arrested in the past two months, according to government sources. This was announced by Mexican Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard. Mexico committed in June to prevent migrants from passing through the United States.

At the same time, US figures have fallen, arresting 82,000 people in July - 21 percent less than in June and 43 percent less than in May.

The Mexican government wants to prevent people from traveling in unsafe conditions, Foreign Minister Ebrard said. "They climb onto semi-trailers, use counterfeit identity papers, and that puts them at risk." In addition, he announced that Mexico would support a program to create 20,000 jobs in El Salvador and 13,000 jobs in Honduras to fight the causes of flight.

US President Donald Trump had put pressure on Mexico under threat of punitive tariffs. The country was to stop migrants on their way to the US. Finally, the two countries signed a migration agreement in early June. As a result, Mexico sent 21,000 soldiers to its borders with Guatemala and the United States.

Many of the people who want to enter the US via Mexico come from the Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. They flee from gang violence, poverty, unemployment and a prolonged drought with massive crop losses. Even if they make it to the US border, many on the Mexican side are stuck in precarious and sometimes life-threatening circumstances.