Why is not a coup sworn by Juan Guaidó as president of Venezuela
Playing on the defensive, Chavismo has tried to position its propaganda dogma through its international friends, using on this occasion another imaginary coup d'état.
Juan Guaidó raises a copy of the Venezuelan Constitution during a protest against the Maduro government in Caracas. CARLOS GARCIA RAWLINSREUTERS
Juan Guaidó uses a constitutional and legitimate formula that empowers him to assume powers
Will Nicolás Maduro remain in power?
ALBUM: Venezuelan exile mobilizes in support of Juan Guaidó
Playing on the defensive, Chavismo has tried to position its propaganda dogma through its international friends, using on this occasion another imaginary coup d'état. And there are more than 100 reported since Nicolás Maduro came to power in 2013.
A way to recover the breath and go on the offensive after a disastrous January for the interests of the Bolivarian leadership, based on repeating the script written from Caracas as if it were a revolutionary paternoster. As if the Ebro passed through Caracas.
Maduro himself compared the swearing in of Juan Guaidó as "president in charge" with Pedro Carmona's coup against Hugo Chávez in 2002. The differences are too evident: the military coup was then against the country's legal president and the first decision of the de facto president was to abolish the Constitution. On this occasion, the National Assembly has relied on the Constitution to decree the "usurpation" of Maduro , who has the backing of the military leadership. The legal reasons have changed sides.
"Without constitutional sense to affirm that Guaidó has given a coup d'etat", affirms José I. Hernández, constitutionalist formed in part in the Complutense University of Madrid. This professor explains that Maduro usurped the position after the ignorance of the "fraudulent" presidential elections, which were not recognized by the Parliament and a good part of the international community.
"In those elections the electoral integrity indexes foreseen in the international treaties were not fulfilled, where the strongest opposition political parties with the greatest opportunity to participate were deprived, the strongest candidates were deprived, the electoral register was not updated and the elections were called by a Constituent Assembly that had already been unknown, "adds Juan Manuel Raffalli , a prestigious constitutionalist, for EL MUNDO.
"Guaidó is sworn in, he does not proclaim himself," continues the expert. "He is not like Carmona or any political leader, he is the president of the AN that was elected by the popular vote, which has not been unknown in its legitimate origin or by the Government itself and which is invoking a specific constitutional article, the 233, to progressively assume executive functions that allow the restoration of constitutional order, Guaidó assumes the task to call elections, which gives constitutional basis to his proposal, "he summarizes.
Quite the opposite of what happened in the past decade, when the current Mexican president Andrés Manuel López Obrador did not want to acknowledge his electoral defeat and was self-incriminated as president, even a presidential band was placed on his chest. Those who now maintain that Guaidó gave a coup d'état applauded that day to anger the leader of the Mexican left.
"The president of the National Assembly, unequivocally, with the other deputies on the platform and before the people in the street, has sworn in and assumed that order to reach an election," Raffalli states. A constitutional formula as legitimate as the motions of censorship and confidence in Spain.
According to the criteria of
- Venezuela: Germany is considering recognizing Juan Guaidó as president 4 months
- Tshisekedi in Congo sworn in as president 4 months
- Which countries have recognized Juan Guaidó and which ones not as interim president of Venezuela 4 months
- Pedro Sánchez will recognize Juan Guaidó as president of Venezuela 4 months