The number of victims of terrorist attacks worldwide has fallen for the fourth consecutive year last year. This emerges from the Global Terrorism Index of the think tank IEP (Institute for Economics and Peace).
According to the report, 15,952 people worldwide died in 2018 due to terrorism. Compared to 2014, the worst year yet, this is a drop of more than 50 percent. In 2017, 25,673 people were killed by terrorism.
In Europe, including Turkey, there were considerably fewer terrorist attacks in 2018 than in the previous year. If more than 200 people were killed by terrorists in 2017, there would still be 62 in 2018.
For the first time since 2003, Iraq was no longer the country most affected last year. There, the number of terror victims fell by 75 percent to 1,054. The number is highest in Afghanistan, where 7,379 people died last year due to terrorism, almost 60 percent more than in 2017. Thus, the jihadist militia Islamic State (IS) is responsible for most of the victims, but the Taliban.
Right-wing extremist terrorism is on the increase
The situation also worsened in Nigeria, Mali and Mozambique. Nigeria recorded 2,040 terror victims last year. For the first time, more victims of terror were registered in Sub-Saharan Africa than in the Middle East and North Africa.
In addition, the threat of right-wing extremist terrorism increased. In the past five years, the number of terrorist attacks by right-wing extremists has tripled in Europe, North America and Oceania, Australia and New Zealand. In 2018, 26 people worldwide died from extreme right-wing terrorism. In the current year until the end of September there were already 77 dead. Nevertheless, the proportion of extreme right-wing terror victims in the number of terrorists killed worldwide is still low. Islamist groups were responsible for most of the victims.
The economic damage caused by terrorism in 2018 is estimated by the institute at 33 billion US dollars (equivalent to 29.7 billion euros).