The cyclone Bulbul is hit on land in the coastal region of Bangladesh and India. The Indian authorities reported two deaths in Kolkata and Odisha State. The cyclone reached wind speeds of up to 120 kilometers per hour and brought heavy rains and heavy devastation. Uprooted trees blocked many roads, airports and ports were closed.
Civil Protection in Bangladesh said that so far there have been no reports of deaths. Local media reports that dozens of fishermen are missing were dismissed. According to authorities, more than two million people had previously been taken to about 5,500 emergency shelters.
In the evacuation, government forces and about 55,000 volunteers helped warn people in coastal villages and on islands of the danger of the cyclone. The Meteorological Institute of Bangladesh had previously predicted a storm surge of up to two meters and warned of floods and heavy rains.
According to the authorities, about 60,000 people were evacuated in eastern India as well. On the Indian island of Mousuni, people had sought refuge in schools as well as in government buildings because they could not leave the cyclone-endangered region in time.
Intensity of hurricanes increases
About 30 million people live in the low-lying coastal region of Bangladesh. The area is regularly hit by heavy cyclones, whose intensity and frequency have probably increased as a result of climate change. Hundreds of thousands of people have died in hurricanes in the region in recent decades. In 1991 alone, more than 100,000 people died after a cyclone. The death toll has recently dropped thanks to faster evacuation and thousands of new shelters along the coast.
In the coastal section between India and Bangladesh is the largest mangrove forest in the world. The area is home to endangered species such as the Bengal tiger.
In addition to the cyclone Bulbul, a storm in the Philippines has caused severe devastation. Four people died, two of them children. According to civil protection, typhoon Nakri in the north of the country has caused floods and landslides, driving more than 21,000 people out of their homes. The storm had since Tuesday brought strong wind and heavy rain, especially in the province of Cagayan. Every year, about 20 typhoons hit the Southeast Asian island nation.