Three astronomers receive Nobel Prize - page 1

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has announced this year's Nobel Prize winners in physics. James Peebles is awarded for theoretical cosmological discoveries, Michael Mayor and Didier Queloz for the discovery of an exoplanet revolving around a sun-like star.

Peebles work provided the basis for our understanding of the history of the universe from the Big Bang to today, it said. Michael Mayor and Didier Queloz discovered the first exoplanet in 1995, revolving around a sun-like star. The highest award for physicists is endowed with the equivalent of about 830,000 euros (9 million Swedish kroner).

The Nobel Prize for Physics has been awarded since 1901. The first to receive the award for the discovery of the "X-rays" was the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. They were later named after him. Last year, the Nobel Prize went to laser physicists Arthur Ashkin from the USA, Gérard Mourou from France and Donna Strickland from Canada. The research team had developed precise tools made of light. In 2017, three scientists were also honored: The US researchers Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne received the award for the direct detection of gravitational waves. Albert Einstein had already predicted the phenomenon.

To get the Nobel Prize in Physics, one must first be formally proposed. Members of the Swedish Academy of Sciences, former physics Nobel laureates and members of the Nobel Committee are entitled to do so. These nominations must arrive in Stockholm by the end of January. By September, the committee will then make a pre-selection, from which the members of the Academy will eventually select the winner or winners.

On Wednesday, the 9th of October, at the earliest from 11.45 clock will announce who gets the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. You can also follow this live on ZEIT ONLINE. The complete report can be found on this page.

2019 #NobelPrize laureate James Peebles took on the cosmos, with its billions of galaxies and galaxy clusters. His theoretical framework, developed over two decades, is the foundation of our modern understanding of the Universe's history, from the Big Bang to the present day.

- The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 8, 2019