Products containing genetically modified soybean from Bayer subsidiary Monsanto may continue to be sold in the European Union. This was decided by the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg, rejecting the action brought by three non-governmental organizations against approval (Case C-82/17 P). Legal remedies are not possible.
The process goes back to a year-long dispute over genetically modified plants. In 2009, the US company applied to the EU to sell food ingredients and feed containing the MON 87701 × MON 89788 bean. The European Food Safety Authority had allowed this in 2012. On the other hand, the three German non-governmental organizations complained. According to them, the health risks prior to authorization have not been adequately tested.
Against pests and against glyphosate
But they do not prevail before the EU court. In 2018, the court subject to the ECJ ruled that the EU Commission allowed the group to market feed and food containing GM soybeans. On the other hand, the NGOs appealed to the ECJ - and were now subject again.
The bean of Monsanto has been genetically modified making it both insect and herbicide resistant. This means that it is unattractive on the one hand for pests and on the other hand insensitive to the weed killer glyphosate. It is grown in South America, according to Bayer, who has now taken over the US seed company. Since 2013, 73.6 million hectares were planted in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.