According to a survey, Germans see climate change as the most pressing issue at the moment. Climate protection is the most important challenge, especially for younger people, as revealed by a survey by the Forsa Institute for the "RTL / n-tv Trend Barometer". Refugees are more important in the east of the country than in the west.
In the survey, 37 percent named environmental and climate protection first. In second place was immigration and integration of refugees with 29 percent. 25 percent called "displeasure over politicians and parties" as the biggest problem.
For 13 percent, poverty and social inequality come first. Education and care in old age each named eleven percent. Ten percent see increasing right-wing extremism as the biggest problem, four percent called domestic security and violence in everyday life.
Climate change according to youth largest problem
In the group of 18 to 29 year olds, 42 percent cited climate protection as their most important topic. According to the survey, education, right-wing extremism and xenophobia are also more of a problem for young people than for all respondents. On the other hand, the over-60s rate the number of refugees more often than the younger ones, the situation on the housing market, and pension provision as major problems.
For the people in East Germany, however, the subject refugees with 36 percent is at the top of the problem scale. Environment and climate are second with 28 percent. For AfD supporters, too, immigration is the biggest problem - even with a share of 63 percent. By contrast, only one percent of AfD supporters in right-wing violence sees an important problem.
"In East Germany there are significantly fewer refugees than in the West," said Forsa boss Manfred Güllner. The negative assessment of immigration can hardly be based on their own experiences, but on prejudices: "That so many AfD supporters, who also have largely no personal negative experiences with foreigners, see in the refugee issue, the biggest problem in Germany, points to a general Xenophobia of this group. "
The Institute Forsa surveyed 5,393 eligible voters in July and August to assess Germany's biggest problems.
About the uncertainties of surveys
Representative surveys are always subject to errors. It can be assumed that the actual value is very likely to be in the range of one to three percentage points above or below the final measured values. The corridor of this statistical error is now shown in our graphs on polls.
The results are always based on sample surveys. These usually only cover specific parts of the population (for example, people with a landline telephone connection or Internet users). Some potential participants are hostile and do not even want to be questioned. Questions are sometimes misunderstood and not always answered honestly. For example, in response to previous surveys. However, in order to calculate a general picture of opinion across all population groups, the demos must compensate for missing readings and assumed inaccuracies and rebalance the numbers available. These (usually not transparent) formulas differ in the institutions and therefore lead to different statements.
Poll values are always snapshots. More than a rough tendency for an opinion can not be derived from this. Even if the statements and calculations at the time of publication of the survey are close to reality, it is still unclear whether, for example, the voters questioned at that time later actually cast their vote or rescheduled at short notice.
Further background information about our handling of election surveys can be found in our transparency blog Glashaus .