The population in Germany grew in 2018 by 227,000 citizens. © Gina Wetzler / Getty Images
With just over 83 million people, Germany has more inhabitants than ever before. This is evident from current figures of the Federal Statistical Office. According to that, the population grew last year by 227,000 citizens or 0.3 percent. The number of inhabitants rose for the first time for the first time just above the mark of 83 million - the exact number was at the end of the year at 83.0192 million.
Among other things, the agency cited immigration as the cause of the increase. According to preliminary results, 386,000 people in 2018 would be more likely to migrate than to migrate. At the same time, the number of deaths exceeded those of births by 167,000.
Compared to previous years, however, population growth was slower: in 2017 it had amounted to 271,000, compared to 346,000 a year earlier. In addition, there are regional differences: the largest increase recorded Bavaria with 79,500 people, followed by Baden-Württemberg with 46,100 and Berlin with 31,300 inhabitants. Percentage growth was highest in Berlin (0.9 percent) and Bavaria and Hamburg (0.6 percent each).
Population in eastern Germany declined slightly
There are also differences between East and West Germany: With the exception of the Saarland, the population grew in all western federal states. In eastern Germany (with the exception of Berlin), however, there was only population growth in Brandenburg (7,900 people). In the other countries in East Germany the population was declining or nearly constant. Overall, the population of the new federal states (excluding Berlin) decreased by 19,800 people (-0.2%). The numbers continued to show an east-west divide, the Federal Office announced.
In the middle of June, a study by the Ifo Institute had already shown that as few people as ever since 1905 live in East Germany. At the same time, the area of the old Federal Republic has more inhabitants than ever before in history. Among other things, the authors of the study attributed this to the mass exodus from East Germany from 1949 to the construction of the Wall in 1961. Moreover, they attribute the lack of immigration of young guest workers in the 1960s and early 1970s in the former GDR to the difference to West Germany. The emigration after the reunification 30 years ago also contributed to the different demographic trends.
According to the statistics of the Federal Statistical Office at the end of 2018, the proportion of foreigners in the total population rose from 11.7 to 12.2 percent compared with the end of 2017. At the end of 2018, 72.9 million Germans (-0.3% compared to the previous year) and 10.1 million foreign citizens (plus 4.2 percent compared to the previous year) were living in Germany.
Figures on immigration and the birth deficit are, according to the Federal Office, preliminary results. There could still be shifts in relation to the final results. These would have no influence on the population. The final statistics on immigration will be published in mid-July, and the birth and death statistics in mid-August.