The salaries of higher educated employees are rising faster than people with a vocational education. And women have started to earn less in the last two years than men. This is apparent from the National Salary Survey of Intermediair and Nyenrode University.
For the study, more than 43,000 employees were interviewed about, among other things, the change in their salary in the better economic times during the past two years. People with a completed education at university level have seen their salary rise in 72 percent of the cases. At hbo level, that was 63 percent.
Employees with an MBO diploma saw their salary rise in 53 percent of the cases and at LVO level that was only slightly more than half: 51 percent. The rest has seen the salary stay the same or even decrease.
Researcher Jaap van Muijen van Nyenrode has been surprised about this inequality. "There are many staff shortages at MBO level, so I did expect that the salaries would not have been reduced in any case."
Women systematically earn less than men
Women up to 35 years of age earn 6.4 percent less than their male colleagues, according to the Salary Survey. The gap has grown considerably, two years ago that percentage was 4.9 percent. Van Muijen has no explanation for this difference. He suspects that young women negotiate less firmly than men at their first job. In these times of economic growth, young men would therefore enter higher than their female peers.
The gap is larger for employees over 35; the difference between the salary between men and women is then 9 percent. "Many women then leave the labor market," says Van Muijen. In other words: they have children. When they return to the labor market, they are often unable to catch up.
Women often work in sectors that earn less and also often work part-time. The National Salary Survey corrects these factors in the calculations, but also issues such as education level and work experience. Even after these corrections, women earn less than men. De Volkskrant calculated on the basis of CBS figures that women earn 175 euros less per month.
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