The number of asylum seekers has fallen for the third consecutive year. At the end of 2018, around 411,000 people received funds under the Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz, as the Federal Statistical Office announced. The number of recipients fell by twelve percent compared to the previous year. In 2017, 469,000 people received asylum seeker benefits.
Beneficiaries are asylum seekers whose procedures have not yet been completed, who are receiving subsidiary protection or who are tolerated. Foreigners who are recognized by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (Bamf) as refugees or entitled to asylum are not entitled to benefits and thus are not included in these statistics.
64 percent of beneficiaries were male, 63 percent female, and slightly more than one-third of those entitled as minors, as the Federal Office further announced. At 53 percent, most people came from Asia (220,000), including 63,000 from Afghanistan and 23,000 from Syria. The benefit recipients from Africa accounted for 23 percent (96,000) according to the statistics office. From Europe came 20 percent (83,000) of state-supported asylum seekers.
Government gross expenditures amounted to almost 4.9 billion euros in 2018, it said. Expenditure fell by 17 percent compared to the previous year.
After peaking in 2015, the number of beneficiaries has now more than halved. More than four years ago, when a particularly large number of migrants came to Germany, 975,000 people had received funds.