China News Service, May 24th, Ning Jizhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said on the 24th that multiple measures will be taken to promote the rebound in consumption. The residents live comfortably. Further promote the optimization and upgrading of automobile consumption and the circulation of second-hand vehicles, implement the fiscal and taxation support policies related to the purchase of new energy vehicles, and make it easier for residents to travel. At the same time, it is necessary to comply with the trend of residents 'consumption upgrading, strengthen the brand, quality, standard and quality construction and supervision of commodities, and constantly improve the residents' consumption environment and the level of consumption.
Data map: Workers work on the Dongfeng Honda assembly line in Wuhan. China News Service reporter Zhang Changshe
On May 24, the State Development and Reform Office held a press conference, and asked Ning Jizhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, to give a solid introduction to the work of "six stability" and "six guarantees", and strive to complete the annual economic and social development goals and tasks. The reporter asked.
A reporter asked, in the first quarter economic data, we saw that the overall recovery of consumption was relatively slow, so there are many voices on the Internet expecting retaliatory consumption after the epidemic situation improves. But at the same time, we also saw central bank data showing that household deposits increased in the first quarter, and some people said that "retaliatory saving" is coming. Is it retaliatory consumption or retaliatory saving? How does the National Development and Reform Commission evaluate the impact of the epidemic on consumption, and how do we continue to introduce measures to promote consumption in the next step?
Ning Jizhe pointed out that the new crown epidemic had a great impact on the economy. It was the first to bear the brunt of the consumption field. Some of the residents' aggregation, mobility, contact consumption and some non-essential consumption were affected. At the same time, we must also see that new types of consumption are still playing a role in capacity expansion. Online consumption and e-commerce have guaranteed the basic lives of 1.4 billion people, and have also helped enterprises to resume production.
Ning Jizhe introduced that in April, the national total retail sales of consumer goods fell by 7.5% year-on-year, which was narrowed by 8.3 percentage points from March. This also shows that with the continuous economic recovery and the promotion of resumption of production and production, China's consumption scale and structure The general trend of upgrading has not changed, and I believe that the consumption data in May will be better. Is it retaliatory consumption? This evaluation is not necessarily accurate, restorative consumption is affirmative.
Ning Jizhe said that in the next step, the National Development and Reform Commission will, in accordance with the requirements of the "Government Work Report", take multiple measures to promote consumption recovery:
The second is to comprehensively promote service consumption to improve quality and expand capacity. Combine with the supply-side reform and development of the service industry, accelerate the release of the potential for service consumption such as culture, tourism, sports, pension, child care, housekeeping, education and training, enrich the supply of cultural and tourism products, improve the quality of domestic tourism, and promote the prosperity of cultural undertakings and industries Development, vigorously develop sports consumption, popularize national fitness and sports viewing. There are now 400 million people who exercise every day in the country. If 800 million people can be reached, the sports market will double. We will comprehensively optimize the effective supply of old-age care services, support social forces in the development of inclusive childcare services, carry out in-depth home improvement services and expand the “leader” action, promote the integration of industry and education, and support social forces in organizing education and training.
The third is to accelerate the cultivation of new types of consumption. Mainly digital consumption, online consumption, information consumption, etc. From January to April this year, the national online retail sales of physical goods increased by 8.6% year-on-year, accounting for 24.1% of the total retail sales of social consumer goods, an increase of 5.5 percentage points year-on-year, which shows the power of new consumption. We must follow the trend and work hard to promote the organic integration of online and offline consumption, and promote the digital transformation and transformation and upgrading of traditional offline formats. Innovate non-contact and less-contact consumption patterns, and explore the development of new retail formats such as smart supermarkets, smart stores, and smart restaurants. Vigorously develop the "Internet + social service" consumption model, and cultivate and enrich online consumption such as online education, online medical care, and online entertainment. Actively develop new information products such as mid- to high-end mobile communication terminals, wearable devices, and ultra-high-definition video terminals to promote the update and upgrade of information consumption.
Fourth, actively expand green, healthy, energy-saving and environmental protection consumption. Guided by green development, promote the production, supply and consumption of green organic ecological agricultural products. Smooth the recycling of resources, accelerate the improvement of the recycling network, and promote the replacement of motor vehicles, home appliances and electronic products. We have some home appliances and electronic products in our homes. Through recycling, we must "turn" it up to promote consumption renewal. Improve the industrial energy saving and green manufacturing standard system, and lead the promotion and application of green energy saving products and green design products. Taking the opportunity of responding to the new coronary pneumonia epidemic as an opportunity, it advocates the whole society to form a healthy consumption concept and healthy lifestyle, and encourages families to reserve medical aid boxes including masks and so on. We have more than 400 million families, and everyone must have the concept and habit of saving self-help reserves. Integrate and optimize medical and health resources and supply chains, improve the health industry system, and expand the consumption of health services.
Fifth, strengthen the network layout of consumer infrastructure and service systems. Accelerate the deployment of new infrastructure such as 5G networks, data centers, industrial Internet, and Internet of Things that support new consumption. Improve the urban and rural logistics distribution system, and promote the construction of intelligent express cabinets and other facilities and resource sharing. Optimize the layout of important nodes in the consumer network, cultivate a number of international consumer centers, and build a number of regional consumer centers with strong radiation-driven capabilities and advantages in resource integration. Promoting the construction of urban and rural commercial outlets and optimizing the planning and layout of commercial retail enterprises, including the development of small store economy and night economy, are all promising.