Environment: The world still far from its climate targets

The commitments made by the international community are still more than insufficient to achieve the objectives and limit global warming. This is what the United Nations said on Monday 20 November in a report dedicated to this gap between what is planned and what should actually be done. An injunction to States to raise their ambition ten days before the COP28 climate conference.

Protest against the consequences of climate change, in Paris, May 2022 (illustrative image). © Alain Jocard, AFP

By: RFI Follow


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The Paris Agreement adopted at COP21 in 2015 brought two advances: first, an objective. Limit global warming to well below two degrees, if possible to 1.5 degrees. And then a method: each State must formalize its commitments to achieve this.

The account is not there

Eight years later, the United Nations is counting the numbers and we are far from it: taken as a whole, the measures set by the international community lead to a warming of between 2.5 and 2.9 degrees by the end of the century. This is due to human emissions of greenhouse gases, which are responsible for global warming.

The UN estimates that they will increase by another 3% by 2030 when they should decrease and not just a little: -28% to limit the rise in temperatures to +2 degrees, and -42% for the one and a half degree objective. Still, the United Nations has noted progress since the Paris Agreement. If nothing had been done since then, emissions would not have increased by 3% in 2030 but by 16%.

New Commitments

However, this is still far from enough: states must significantly increase their ambitions. And it's planned: they have to make new and updated commitments by 2025.

Read alsoAn international report denounces the danger of climate inaction on human health

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