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More than 4,000 people and groups are part of an
internal moderation 'black list' drawn up by Facebook
, which lists the movements that are prohibited from using its platforms because they are related to terrorism or other forms of violent groups.
The internal Facebook reports published by The Intercept include Facebook's moderation lists for the application of its policy on
dangerous individuals and organizations
This regulation encompasses the measures of the US company in five areas: hatred, crime, terrorism,
paramilitary social movements
and violent groups outside the States.
As a reference, the policy uses a 'black list' with 4,000 people and groups associated with violent activities, ranging
from politicians and writers to hundreds of musical groups and even deceased historical figures
Spaniards banned from Facebook: ETA and neo-Nazis
All the Spaniards banned from Facebook according to the list published by The Inercept are musical groups of neo-Nazi ideology or people linked to "Askatasuna".
"Askatasuna" appears in the list of terrorist organizations of Facebook with "Western Europe" as scope of action.
Apparently, Facebook uses this name for the terrorist group ETA - despite the fact that its full name is
Euskadi Ta Askatasuna -
and neither does it designate any of the members of the band that Facebook includes on its blacklist as Spanish or relates to Spain.
A list that is made up of
these 38 ETA members
: Ainhoa Mugica Goni, Aitzol Iriondo Yarza, Alfonso Echegaray Achirica, Alona Munoa Orozgoiti, Angel Alcalde Linares, Antonio Agustin Figal Arranz, Asier Quintana Zorrozua, Carlos Saez De Eguila Murguiondo, Cristina Goiricelaya Gonalezui, Eneko Gogeascoechea Barategueta, Enrique Izallica Arronategueta, Enrique Izallica Arrenategueta Tapia, Fermin Vila Michelena, Gorka Palacios Alday, Gracia Morcillo Torres, Inigo Vallejo Franco, Iratxe Sorzabal, Ismael Berasategui Escudero, Itziar Alberdi Uranga, Ivan Apaolaza Sancho, Javier Abaunza Martinez, Jon Inaki Perez Aramburu, Jose Antonio Urruticoechea Bengoetachea, Ignacio Retachea de Frutos, Juan Antonio Olarra Guridi, Juan Jesus Narvaez Goni, Juan Luis Rubenach Roig, Jurdan Martitegui Lizaso, Kemen Uranga Artola, Leire Echeberria Simarro, Lexuri Gallastegui Sodupe, Lexuri Gallastegui Sodupe,Maria Soledad Iparraguirre Guenechea, Miguel Albisu Iriarte, Miguel de Garikoitz Aspiazu Rubina, Mikel Otegui Unanue, Paulo Elcoro Ayastuy and Zigor Orbe Sevillano.
However, while neo-Nazi musical groups are identified as "Spanish", members of the terrorist band ETA are prohibited from participating due to
their link to "Askatasuna".
In parallel, Facebook's blacklist also includes a total of
8 music bands
: 14 Words, Division 250, Banner 88, Identity Generation, White Brothers, Band Klan, Offensive 88 and Zetme 88.
Some musical groups whose point in common is that they are sympathetic or close to the Spanish neo-Nazi movement and for which Facebook refers to the category "hate" for its ban.
An unpublished list
Until now, Facebook had not made this list public, despite having received numerous recommendations from its
Content Advisory Council
, made up of independent experts.
"Like other technology companies,
we have not shared the list to limit legal risk
, limit security risks and minimize opportunities for groups to circumvent the rules," the director of Counterterrorism Policy and dangerous Facebook organizations, Brian Fishman.
Three levels of danger
In addition to the blacklist, The Intercept has also released Facebook's internal moderation documents for its dangerous organizations policy.
Although all of them are prohibited, they are now structured in three levels
according to whether or not it is allowed to discuss them
first rank, the most dangerous
, users are not allowed to express positive comments or defend violent people or groups, even for non-violent acts or activities.
This category is reserved especially for terrorist groups, with about 500 criminal organizations, of which more than 250 are white supremacists, as
Fishman himself has claimed
, compared to the claims of the original report that claimed less severity with these groups.
second level, Facebook places violent actors who are not part of States
Users are allowed to express approval for the non-violent activities of these groups, but not "substantial support" for the group as a whole.
Groups susceptible to becoming violent
The third and last level is made up of groups that, although they do not exercise violence,
are susceptible to becoming violent
and frequently use hate speech.
This range includes about a thousand militarized social groups, which are prohibited but which other users are allowed to speak about on Facebook.
Brian Fishman has stated that the list of violent actors published by The Intercept "is not exhaustive" and that this list "is constantly updated as teams try to mitigate the risk."
According to the criteria of The Trust Project
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