● Private Schools Still Asking for Parents' Occupations
● Private Schools Still Asking for Parents' Occupations
Due to the revision of the Recruitment Procedure Act in 2019, if a workplace has 30 or more full-time workers, physical conditions such as height and appearance of the job seeker, the place of origin and marital status of the job seeker, property, and parents and siblings of the job seeker It is no longer possible to require students to list their education, profession, and property on the job application or to collect relevant information.
Even asking for personal information that could cause discrimination in evaluation is unfair.
Of course, private schools are also subject to the Recruitment Procedure Act.
However, private schools were still asking for this information.
In the process of hiring a fixed-term teacher last year, a renowned private elementary school in Seoul required the applicant's parents' final academic background, occupation, and position to be written on the application form, while other private high schools were required to include whether or not to join a political party.
What was the heart of the volunteers who were forced to follow to become teachers even though they knew it was illegal?
“When I see this request on the application, I have a question,'Will I really be happy if I apply to this school and become a teacher?' Still, I am very upset when I see myself writing the application form. It's a shame."
-During an interview with a teacher preparation student-
I was suddenly curious about what the applicant said that there are not one or two schools that violate the law.
How many private schools are breaking the law and choosing teachers.
● Complete Survey of Private School Applications in Seoul
I wanted to look at all private elementary, middle, and high
nationwide, but there were real difficulties.
So, we conducted a thorough survey of private schools in Seoul, where private schools are most concentrated.
According to the survey targets, there were 173 private schools that had newly hired teachers last year and reported to the Office of Education.
Six of these were required to include the applicant's country of origin, marital status, education and occupations of their parents or siblings in the application form during the process of hiring new teachers (qualified teachers) last year.
You may feel less than you think.
However, in the process of hiring fixed-term teachers, even if they did not ask full-time teacher applicants, there were still many schools asking parents' job and education and asking whether they were married or not.
So why are these schools breaking the law and asking?
When hiring a specially fixed-term teacher, why did we have to write the parent's job?
When I heard the position of the school, most of them were attributed to the person in charge.
The person in charge was not aware of the change in the law, and was using the application form that was used before the law was changed.
Still, he explained that he has never discriminated against or treated specific job seekers based on their parents' job, marital status, or origin.
Of course, applicants think differently.
It was a minor mistake from the school's point of view, but some applicants gave up their dream of being a teacher because they couldn't accept unfair demands.
● Is it okay for private schools to ask about religion?
During a thorough investigation, I also found a number of schools that require religion to be used on applications in the process of hiring full-time teachers (15 out of 173 private schools). The period of faith was written on the application form, and there was also a private school in which the self-introduction letter explained one's own beliefs and how to educate based on this.
Most of these schools that ask about religion are established by religious foundations.
They argue that it is natural to ask for relevant information in order to find candidates who meet the founding ideology, but they argue that it is excessive interference that the educational authorities are at issue with.
In fact, in the course of the interview, I received a lot of objections from private schools that aimed at "Can't you even ask this?"
However, if someone discriminates against someone in an employment relationship for reasons of religion, etc., it is also an obvious violation of the law. (Article 2 of the Vocational Security Act) This is a violation of the law. Any situation that acts as an evaluation factor in the hiring process.
Supervising private schools so that education authorities do not ask about religious matters in applications or interviews is to prevent the possibility of discrimination in the hiring process.
If we have to maintain autonomy, even through discrimination, it will be difficult to be respected.
● As a
result of a thorough investigation into
the institutionalization of fair hiring
, 20 out of 173 private schools that hired full-time teachers last year were asked to ask about their parents' job, education, whether the applicant was married or not, or were asked to fill in religious matters on the application form.
One in 10 private schools that hired full-time teachers broke the guidelines.
The Office of Education is supervising, but why do private schools continue to violate the guidelines?
An official from the front-line education office explained, "Because the supervisory authority is exercised only in private schools that have problems."
In other words, there are so many schools that need to be supervised, so rather than supervising and preventing fraudulent hiring problems, they are working on solving the problem after the incident.
If the applicants are tolerant of it and no one pays attention, the problem of fraudulent hiring in private schools will not be resolved.
This is why there are voices that there is a need to institutionalize the hiring process of private schools.
Private schools can, if they wish, entrust them to the educational authorities, from filing to the written examination process.
Private schools can save money by entrusting part of the hiring process, and educational authorities can apply the fairness-verified public teacher appointment process to private schools, which is an example of a win-win system.
However, since it is not defined as an obligation, the rate of consignment varies by region.
Seoul, which has the lowest consignment rate, is only 38.3%, and the national average is 68%.
It is pointed out that in the educational world, it is necessary to stipulate'mandatory entrustment' by law for fairer hiring.
During the post-writing practice and interview process, there is a possibility that private schools may violate guidelines and request certain information from applicants.
Therefore, ultimately, it is necessary to find a way to ensure transparency and fairness by ensuring that people recommended by the DOE must participate in the appointment interview process at private schools.
It is also not without the possibility of realization.
This is because the Gangwon Office of Education has already signed agreements with private schools, and the Office of Education recommended personnel participate in the recruitment process.