“The technical problem to which the claimed invention is directed is to provide the necessary power and energy for an autonomous life-support system for equipment and personnel in extreme environmental conditions of the lunar base,” the description of the invention says, the patent for which the institute received.

The system will consist of two closed loops.

Energy will be generated in the thermoelectric converter due to the large temperature difference.

"An autonomous space power plant produces the energy necessary for the functioning of the lunar station during a lunar day, and its excess accumulates for work during a moonlit night," follows from the description.

In March, it was reported that the launch of the Russian spacecraft Luna-25 to the Earth’s satellite was scheduled for October 1, 2021.