Space Harbor: 65th Anniversary of the Foundation of Baikonur
On June 2, 1955, a directive of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR approved the project for the construction of the Scientific Testing Ground No. 5. This day is considered the date of the official foundation of the first and largest Baikonur cosmodrome in the world. About 5 thousand launches of missiles of various types were carried out from it, of which about 3 thousand were launched for space purposes. It was from Baikonur that the first artificial Earth satellite was put into orbit and for the first time man went into space.