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In May 1980, Gwangju was like a war. The martial arts forces aimed guns and swords at civilians as well as civilians, and students and militias resisted martial and military dictatorships. Gwangju Street 40 years ago, when oppression and resistance confronted, and filled with gunshots and shouts. But on the streets, there were people who cooked rice in a pot, sprinkled sesame oil and salt, and made rice balls wrapped in seaweed without rest. It was the merchants and mothers of Gwangju who cheered from behind to fill the hunger of students and militias.

If you look at the records at 5.18, you can see the women who cook rice in pots in Gwangju Street, including Geumnam-ro. It is said that Gwangju citizens gathered ingredients to make rice balls such as rice, sesame oil, seaweed, and sesame seeds. Thanks to the food served at 10:00 p.m. at each house, neither rice nor seaweed fell. Merchants and mothers directly placed cheap rice balls and water on the trucks on the protesters, and even handed rice balls in the hands of students who were running crazy.

Park Haeng-soon, the elder sister of former Kwan-hyun Park, former president of the Chonnam National University Student Association at May 18, said in an interview with a video mug that the meaning of Gwangju rice ball was then.

"Don't starve, even if you fight until you fight, you put your mind that you shouldn't surrender to them. Just like making rice balls and making rice balls, everyone in Gwangju at that time united them. Rice balls contain the spirit of unity."

Gwangju's mothers still wrap rice balls. Not long ago, I sent 518 cheap rice ball lunches for Daegu medical staff who are struggling with Corona 19. Onigiri in May 1980, and onigiri now 40 years later. Why are mothers still packing rice balls? A video mug visited Gwangju's May Mother's House and heard the meaning of rice ball.

(Report: Park Soo-jin Text composition: Lee Se-mi Video coverage: Cho Chang-hyun Editing: Kyung-yeon Kim Design: Dong-hoon Han Jang Ji-hye Video provided by: 5.18 Democratization Movement Archives, 5.18 Archives)