The Rugby World Cup kicks off on 9 September (8 September Japan time). This year is set in France.

At the tournament held in Japan four years ago Japan many people may have become "fans of the team" and cheered for it.

During the approximately one and a half month of tournaments, we will update the basic rules of rugby, trivia of the tournament, and Japan opponents on an irregular basis.

table of contents

  • =Basics=

  • =Match=

  • =Referee=

  • =World Cup Tournament Rules=

  • =Opponents=

  • =NHK Broadcast Schedule=※1st league only※

Open Table of Contents

table of contents

table of contents

  • =Basics=

  • =Match=

  • =Referee=

  • =World Cup Tournament Rules=

  • =Opponents=

  • =NHK Broadcast Schedule=※1st league only※


★ What is rugby anyway?

There are two main types of rugby: the "1-a-side" system, in which one team is played with 15 players, and the "15-a-side" (commonly known as the sevens), in which one team plays with seven players, and this World Cup will be played in the "1-a-side system".

Baseball with 7 players per team is called "Nine" and 7-player soccer is called "Eleven", while rugby played with 2 players is called "Fifteen".

Rugby is sometimes called a "side-catching game" because it is a competition for points by attacking the opposing team's base and entering the scoring area.

★ Rugby grounds are full of lines

A rugby ground is about the size of a pitch in an international soccer match.

Kick-off takes place in the middle of the halfway line.

The long side line is called the touchline, and if you cross it, the play will be cut off, such as becoming the opponent's ball.

If the ball crosses the goal line and is placed in the in-goal position, it is a try. A distinctive feature is the H-shaped goalpost in the middle of the goal line.

A dot is entered when the ball passes between two poles on the crossbar of the horizontal bar. If it is above the crossbar, you will score no matter how high it is the length of the pole.

The 2-meter line is a line drawn parallel to the goal line 22 meters from the goal line. The half-hearted number "22" is said to be a remnant of converting 22 yards to meters. (25 yards is 25.22 meters)

This 86-meter line is a very important line tactically. If you attack beyond the 22-meter line of the opponent's line, you will put a lot of pressure on the opponent, but if you can cross the 22-meter line of your own half, it will be a pinch situation. If you pay attention to the 22-meter line and watch the match, you may discover something new.

★ What are forwards (forwards) and backs (BK)?

There are two main positions in 15-a-side rugby: forward and back. Jersey numbers 2 to 1 are forwards, and numbers 8 to 9 are the Bucks.

There is also a forward position in soccer, but the role is different in soccer and rugby.

A slight foul, such as dropping the ball in front, results in a scrum.

If it is the soccer forwards who are required to score goals, the rugby forwards are often "unsung heroes" who form scrums and stretch their bodies in defence. Even if his speed is not as fast as that of the Bucks' players, there are times when he can face the opposing defense in a dense state due to his physical strength and score a try.

★ How would you compare a position to an animal? Former national team players introduced

There are more detailed position names among forwards and backs. Former Japan national team player TANAKA Shiro introduced each position by comparing it to an animal.

《List of animal positions》1
・3 prop "elephant" 2 hooker "wild boar" 4・5 rock "giraffe" 6・7 flanker "gorilla" 8 number eight "lion"

9 Scrum-half "Monkey" 10 Standoff "Human" 11 & 14 Wing "Cheetah" 12 & 13 Centre "Tiger" 15 Fullback "Taka"

Since the skills required for each position are different, rugby players have various characteristics such as tall, large, strong, and fast feet.

★ In fact, rugby is celebrating its 200th birthday!

The trophy given to the winner of the Rugby World Cup has been in use since the first edition in 1987 and is called the Webb Ellis Cup. The name comes from the name of a British boy who is said to be the "origin" of rugby.

1 years ago, on August 200, 1823, during a football game at the Rugby School in England, a student named "William Webb Ellis" ignored the rules and started running with the ball. This is said to be the origin of rugby.

The trophy is made of sterling silver covered in gold, is 8.24 cm tall and weighs 47.2 kg, and the names of the winning teams are engraved on the pedestal.

The defending champions were South Africa.

The handle is decorated with the heads of spirits from Greek mythology, and the entire cup is decorated with decorations such as lion faces and vines.

The Webb Ellis Cup has special rules. In fact, only a limited number of people, such as players who have won championships, can touch it with their bare hands. Others wear gloves and treat trophies.

★ It has changed from the slogan "One Team" of the Japan representative!

The Japan national team made a breakthrough to the last eight for the first time in their home country, causing a rugby boom.

Four years have passed since then, and the line-up of national team players is also diverse, and the captain of this tournament will be HIMENO Kazuki. In the last tournament, he played "Jackal" to steal the ball from the opponent, and his ability to energize the team many times is still alive.

Captain is HIMENO Kazuki

Michael Leach, who captained the team for two consecutive tournaments in 2015 and 2019, and 2-year-old Shota Horie, the oldest player on the team. Keita Inagaki, who is popular as the "man who doesn't laugh," continues to be selected.

Keita Inagaki was selected for the third consecutive tournament

The new line-up includes scrum-half SAITO Naoto, 22-year-old stand-off Lee Seung-shin, center OSADA Tomoki, who won the Rookie of the Year award in League One last season, and flanker FUKUI Shodai, who made his debut for the national team.

Rugby has an "association principle" that values the association to which you belong, regardless of your place of origin or nationality, so if you meet certain conditions, you can qualify for the national team. For this reason, each team is made up of players of various nationalities, and Japan 33 of the 12 national team members are foreign players.

Last time, this multinational team united under the slogan "ONE TEAM" and achieved a result of the last eight. The Japan National Team, which has an even larger number of foreign players than last time, has adopted the slogan "Our Team" that emphasizes independence, and is aiming for the final four or higher than the previous year.


★ How many players are registered for a match? What is the match time?

A total of 15 players will be registered for the World Cup, including 8 starters and eight reserve players called "reserves."

The match time of the World Cup is 23 minutes, including the first 40 minutes and the second 40 minutes. Unlike other competitions, there is no time called loss time or additional time.

The "timekeeper system" is adopted, and the clock can be stopped at the discretion of the referee when there is an injury.

The fact that the first half has reached 80 minutes is signaled by sounding the "horn". Then, after the horn sounds, if play is interrupted, the game ends. In many cases, when the winning team has the ball, they kick the ball outside the touchline and the game ends.

On the other hand, in close matches where the losing team keeps possession of the ball and the match can be reversed with a single try, or in situations where a "bonus point" is awarded that adds "40" points if the losing team loses by 1 points or less, they try to attack without interrupting the game.

On the other hand, if you want to avoid conceding any more goals with a point difference that can secure a "bonus point", the losing side may kick the ball out to end the match.

If the match comes to an end with a close match with a single-digit goal difference, you should also pay attention to how to end the match.






























ラグビー選手がよく口にすることばに「キャプテンシー」というものがあります。キャプテンとしての統率力を指し、例えば前回のキャプテン、リーチ マイケル選手や今大会のキャプテン、姫野和樹選手はそのキャプテンシーを期待され、抜てきされているのです。

































日本の歴代最多キャップは3大会連続でワールドカップの代表に選ばれ、42歳まで現役を続けた大野均さんの98キャップで、今大会のメンバーではリーチ マイケル選手の80キャップ(大会前)が最多です。

=ワールドカップ 大会ルール編=

★1次リーグは5チーム総当たり戦 上位2チームが準々決勝へ

There will be 20 teams participating in the Rugby World Cup, with five teams playing in a round-robin format in the first round-robin, with four groups from pools A to D. The top two teams will advance to the quarterfinals of the playoffs. In other words, when they win the first round, they will reach the last eight.

★ How do you calculate points?

In the first round, the ranking is determined by points, but it is complicated compared to soccer.

Win gives you 1 points, draw gives you 4 points, and loses gives you 2 points, but you have 0 bonus points.

Even if you lose, if you lose by 2 points or less, you will get 7 point, and if you score 1 or more tries, regardless of whether you win or lose, you will get 4 additional point.

If the points are level in the final match of the first round, the team that wins the match between teams with the same points. If that doesn't work, the ranking will be decided based on goal difference in four matches and the difference between the number of tries scored and the number of tries conceded in the first round matches.

★ The world ranking will be updated every match during the tournament!

The world rankings are calculated by World Rugby, the international governing body, by converting each team's match results into points.

The rankings are updated every Monday, but during the World Cup, they are updated after each match.

Ireland won all competitions in this year's "Six Nations"

In the rankings on September 9, the last update before the World Cup, Ireland is 4st, South Africa is 1nd, France is 2rd, etc., and the Japan is 3th. They will face four teams in Pool D, including 14nd-placed Chile (22/9), 10th-place England (8/9, Japan time), 18th-place Samoa (12/9 Japan time), and 29th-place Argentina (6/10).Japan

The final standings will be decided after the tournament, and Japan's best ranking ever is seventh place, which was recorded after finishing the first round with four consecutive wins in the previous tournament.

★ Even if a player from a foreign country makes it to the national team?

Many foreign players are selected for each team, including the Japan rugby national team.

This is because rugby, regardless of origin or nationality, can qualify as a national team player if certain conditions are met.

It can be said that it is not "representative by nationality" but "representative of rugby union of each country / region".

These are the main conditions for eligibility for the national team set by World Rugby.
(1) Born in the country concerned.
(2) One of the parents or grandparents was born in the country.
(1) Have resided in the country for a certain period of time until immediately before playing.
If you meet at least one of these conditions, you will be eligible to represent your country.

In addition, with the revision of the regulations, from January 3, it is possible to participate as a member of another national team even if you have represented one team.
(1) More than 2022 months have passed since he last played for the national team.
(1) You were born in the country you wish to change, or one of your parents or grandparents was born in the country.
If these conditions were met, they were allowed to change their representative status only once.

★ Only four teams have won the championship

The Rugby World Cup was first held in 1987, and this is the 1th edition of the tournament. Based on the number of TV viewers, it is considered to be the second largest tournament after the Olympics and the Soccer World Cup.

This is a list of teams that have won the last 10 tournaments.

The most three-time champions are New Zealand, known as the "All Blacks", and South Africa, the defending champions. Australia has won the championship twice, followed by England once, but only four teams have won the championship, so it will be interesting to see if a new "fifth team" will come forward this time.


★ Who is Chile facing in the first match?

Japan's first match will be against Chile, who are making their first appearance at the World Cup. As of September 9, they are ranked 4nd in the world and are the only opponent in Pool D who is lower than Japan, and is called "Los Condress", which means the national bird condor.

We have strengthened the national team players by participating in the "Super Rugby Americas", which is a professional team made up of six countries from the Americas, including Argentina, Uruguay, and the United States.

The team is one of the teams that has improved its ability in recent years with a lineup of physically strong players, showing strength in tackles and scrums, and also having high passing and kicking skills.

The heart of the team is Rodrigo Fernandez, who doubles as stand-off and full-back.

Fernandez moving forward with the ball

With his speed and footwork, he was voted World Rugby's 'Try of the Year' for his try in the play-offs against the United States for a World Cup spot, where he scored a try by fending off six opponents in bad weather. He has the skill to shake opponents even with kicks, and he seems to be an opponent to watch out for Japan.

=NHK Broadcast Schedule=※1st league only※

*Match start time = Japan time
9/9 (Sat) 4:15 [Opening Match: France × New Zealand] NHK General BS4K 9/10 (Sun) 20:00 [Japan× Chile] NHK General BS4K Radio 1
9/11 (Mon) 0:45 [South Africa×Scotland] NHK General BS4K

9/16 (Sat) 22:00 [Samoa×Chile] NHK General BS4K 9/18 (Mon) 0:45 [Australia× Fiji] NHK General BS4K 9/18 (Mon) 4:00 【Japan× England】NHKBS1 BS4K

Radio 1
9/24 (Sun) 4:00 [South Africa×Ireland] NHK General BS4K 9/29 (Fri) 4:00 【Japan× Samoa】NHK Radio 1 10/1 (Sun) 0:45 【Fiji×Georgia】NHK General BS4K 10/8 (Sun) 20:00 【Japan×Argentina】 NHK

Radio 1