Chinanews client, Beijing, June 19 (Reporter Wang Yu). If young people are strong, China will be strong. On the road to a powerful sports nation, young people have contributed a steady stream of strength, and their health has long been the focus of national attention. .

  The "Children and Adolescents' Physical Posture Test Indicators and Methods" completed by the Institute of Sports Science of the State General Administration of Sport is currently seeking public opinions from the public and will end on June 20.

  Once the first domestically formulated index document for the physical posture testing of children and adolescents was made public, the society’s attention to the health of adolescents’ physical posture has increased to an unprecedented level.

The physical posture of young people needs urgent attention

  There is an old saying: "Stand like a pine, sit like a clock, and walk like the wind."

In just nine characters, it shows the basic requirements of the ancients for physical beauty.

Body posture is not only a manifestation of external beauty, but also closely linked to physical health, and the juvenile and childhood period is a critical period for body posture shaping.

  However, statistics show that the physical health of Chinese adolescents has been declining for more than 20 consecutive years. Among them, 33% of adolescents have varying degrees of health risks.

  Refined to the field of body posture, the data is particularly not optimistic.

As early as 2007, the Beijing Municipal National Fitness Monitoring Center conducted a measurement on the body of adolescents and children, and it was found that 80% of adolescents and children had bad posture problems.

Students at the Central Elementary School in Shizimiao Town, Luanchuan County, Henan Province, have physical education lessons on the new plastic playground.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Jia Tianyong

  According to the data disclosed in the industry standard compilation instructions of "Child and Adolescent Body Posture Test Indicators and Methods", in a sample test of 631 students from a certain area in Beijing, the incidence of neck extension among students was 95.9%, with high and low shoulders. The incidence was 35.0%, and the incidence of long and short legs was 26.0%.

  Take spine health as an example. According to statistics, there are currently more than 3 million scoliosis patients in China, and the number is increasing at an annual rate of 300,000, of which more than half are teenagers.

Scoliosis has become the third hidden danger to the health of Chinese children and adolescents after obesity and myopia.

  Feng Qiang, deputy director of the National Fitness Research Center of the Research Institute of the General Administration of Sports, which has long tracked the physical health of young people, told reporters that 80% of young people in China have 1-2 posture problems. "We found that this problem is relatively serious."

Data map: In the youth spine health theme activity, the staff is explaining the children’s spine health knowledge.

Zhen Xiao

  "Any children who have spinal-related problems during their adolescence will not only suffer from similar diseases repeatedly throughout their adolescence, they will also be 4-6 times more likely to develop spinal diseases in adulthood than children who have not had spinal-related problems. Growth.” He gave an example.

  That being the case, why hasn’t the body posture of adolescents been concerned about common problems like myopia and obesity?

  Investigating the reasons, Feng Qiang analyzed that the public's lack of awareness and attention to the concept of body posture, the lack of unified body posture evaluation indicators, and the lack of stable and reliable methods and talents suitable for large-scale population testing have become important factors causing the status quo.

More than ten typical indicators are indispensable

  In recent years, body posture problems such as hunched back, round shoulders, high and low shoulders, and abnormal spine have occurred more frequently in adolescents. Long-term poor posture can bring many skeletal and muscle pains and diseases to adolescents, and seriously threaten children and adolescents. Growth and development, and even health in adulthood.

  In the past, the evaluation of children’s physical health was generally based on the "National Student Physical Health Standards." The test indicators and methods of body posture were not covered, and abnormal body postures were not included in the national physique survey and research and the intervention of school sports. .

The calculation method of height and shoulder in "Child and Adolescent Body Posture Test Index and Method".

  The "Child and Adolescent Body Posture Test Indexes and Methods" developed this time screened out neck extension, high and low shoulders, pelvic tilt, thoracic kyphosis angle, lumbar lordosis angle, knee Q angle, bilateral leg symmetry, and foot arch collapse , Human center of gravity deviation, scoliosis and other indicators as typical indicators to reflect the physical posture of children and adolescents.

  Why are these more than ten typical indicators selected?

As the main drafter of "Indicators and Methods", Feng Qiang explained: "We have screened out these indicators after literature research, expert research, and actual testing, and they basically cover the common physical abnormalities of children and adolescents."

  "The principle of screening indicators is to have a very important impact on health. The second is measurable, with a certain degree of reliability and validity; the main purpose is better application in the future. We hope to achieve better leadership in the application process. The role of driving." He said.

  Among them, there are neck extension, high and low shoulders, and scoliosis forward flexion, which are familiar to the public and are highly recognizable in appearance. They also include unpopular professional terms such as thoracic kyphosis and knee Q angle.

Since it has been screened layer by layer, each indicator is not only irreplaceable, but also does not distinguish between priorities.

The calculation method of pelvic tilt in "Children and Adolescents' Physical Posture Test Indexes and Methods"

  "From a professional point of view, the healthy growth of a child requires all-round attention. We have discovered through research that a problem in a certain part of the child will affect the entire body's musculoskeletal system, so these indicators are no longer important." Feng Qiang further explained.

Eliminate professional barriers and promote popularization

  The physical posture of children and adolescents has an important influence on their health, and the development of physical posture test indicators and test methods is an important prerequisite and basis for solving the problems related to adolescents’ posture.

  "Indicators and Methods" formulated 7 test indicators for the body posture test of children and adolescents, including neck extension, high and low shoulders, pelvic tilt, thoracic kyphosis angle, bilateral leg symmetry, human center of gravity deviation, and scoliosis forward bending test. .

  The specific test methods are divided into anatomical landmark point selection method, anatomical landmark point positioning method, anatomical landmark point drawing method, and calculation method.

  At first glance, both the test indicators and the four test methods are extremely professional. Among them, it involves the knowledge and techniques of palpation and anatomy, and the corresponding landmark points are found for measurement.

It is not easy for parents and teachers to master and operate.

Data map: students in class.

Photo by Shen Diancheng

  How to promote quickly and make the test easy to understand and easy to use?

Experts have already put it on the agenda of the next work.

  Feng Qiang said: "We understand that the current measurement methods need to be tested by trained professionals. Whether they can be better transformed by modern means in the future is within our consideration. There are also some at present. This preliminary result."

  According to him, the simplified version of the "Child and Adolescent Body Posture Test Indicators and Methods" that is easy for the public to understand has been produced simultaneously.

After the "Indicators and Methods" are officially issued, corresponding publicity and promotion will also be carried out.

  On the one hand, we will strengthen popularization work, and on the other hand, we will attract more professionals.

Feng Qiang looks forward to the follow-up of multi-departmental cooperation to promote the training of front-line practitioners engaged in youth health, such as physical education teachers, and further guide more schools and authorities to pay attention to children's physical posture issues.

Make all efforts to intervene in advance to establish a correct concept

  "Posture is not only a person's physical posture, but also a manifestation of the mental state. The national posture marks the country's prosperity and decline." Some scholars have made the above description of the national body posture.

Data map: Students do exercises between classes.

Photo by Shen Diancheng

  Paying attention to and committing to the health of young people’s physical posture is, from a young age, to the future and happiness of every child and family; from a large perspective, to the face and spirit of a country and nation.

  The compilation of the industry standard of "Child and Adolescent Body Posture Test Indicators and Methods" is only the first step to improve the body posture of adolescents.

Feng Qiang said that only by taking this as a starting point and moving forward the work of body posture intervention can the problem be truly eliminated in the bud.

  "We found that the intervention of body posture is not only the responsibility of a field of the sports department, but only one way through exercise in the process, and the effect is still relatively limited, so we have done related publicity and promotion work." He said.

  Feng Qiang said, for example, adding relevant content to the children’s health education class, giving parents explanations of popular science knowledge every semester, posting posters and distributing brochures in schools, and then cooperating with sports interventions, teaching classes through physical education teachers, etc. The supporting measures achieved satisfactory results during the test.

  "This also reminds us that we should adopt this all-round and three-dimensional plan in the process of entering school or home intervention in the future. This is also a set of effective intervention paths that have been formed after continuous exploration." Exclaimed.

  It is worth noting that the reporter learned from the Youth and Youth Department of the State Sports General Administration that in 2021, the General Administration of Sports will work with the Health Commission and the Ministry of Education to jointly develop intervention methods for adolescents myopia, obesity, scoliosis, and mental health problems. Research, jointly implement intervention and promotion work, and jointly establish a sports prevention, control and correction system.

  The intervention of body posture is not only a matter for the children. It requires the joint efforts of physical education teachers, health teachers, and health education links in the school to create a good healthy atmosphere in the school and promote the establishment of a healthy body posture concept for young people.