Typhoon No. 19 "Re-evacuation" one after another from the evacuation center The danger is also October 17, 15:16
Several local governments in Tochigi Prefecture, such as Sano City, where the river broke down due to heavy rain due to Typhoon No. 19, had once brought themselves to evacuation shelters, but subsequently had a series of “re-evacuations” that forced them to evacuate again I understood from NHK's interview. Many people died during the typhoon at night, and experts pointed out that it is necessary to re-examine the way shelters are operated and the location settings.
When NHK interviewed local governments in Tochigi Prefecture, the evacuated people were once again urged to evacuate again in 10 evacuation centers in 7 local governments including Sano City where the Akiyama River broke down. I understand.
In addition to cases where the local government determined that it was not suitable for long-term evacuation or that water was approaching, the evacuation center was full or the area was at a high risk of landslide disaster, and was actually damaged. There was also a case.
Of these, at the former Funatsugawa Elementary School in Sano City, a special warning was issued and the rain and wind peaked at 8:00 pm, which is not suitable for long-term evacuation. Each city instructed them to evacuate by car.
However, in order to move to the elementary school, it was necessary to pass near the Akiyama River where the embankment broke down, and because the water was approaching, most people turned back and stayed at home.
In addition, at the Kaso Community Center in the special alert area for landslide disasters in Kanuma City, the back mountain collapsed and landslides flowed, and we had to evacuate to a nearby elementary school over 30 minutes from around 11pm. did.
In this typhoon, many people died at night and on the road or by car, and Associate Professor Naoya Sekiya of the University of Tokyo, who is familiar with evacuation at the time of the disaster, said, “When the typhoon approaches, The act of going out is very risky, and it is necessary to re-inspect the operation of the shelter and the setting of the place if there are a lot of re-evacuation. "
In Tochigi Prefecture, sheltered again at 10 shelters in 7 local governments.
“Re-evacuation” took place in Tochigi Prefecture, which is a total of 10 evacuation centers in 7 local governments.
By municipality, Sano City has four locations, including the former Funatsugawa Elementary School. Kanuma City, Nasu Karasuyama City, Otawara City, Shimotsuke City, Kamimikawa Town, and Ichikai Town are each one.
Re-evacuation instructions if you cannot use the toilet
Mr. Hiroyuki Tani, the town chairman of the Funatsugawa area in Sano City, evacuated to the former Funatsugawa Elementary School, a refuge near his home, around 5 pm this month.
However, a special warning of heavy rain was issued and the city was instructed to evacuate by car to another elementary school 4 km away after 8 pm when rain and wind reached its peak.
The reason was that the closure was decided because the toilet was not usable and the evacuation life was not possible for a long time.
Regarding the situation at the time, Mr. Tani explained, “I was surprised at the judgment of the city. I asked if I could evacuate vertically to escape to the upper floor of the school building. ”
Tani went to the re-evacuated elementary school with his grandchild who was evacuated together.
However, the water around the Akiyama River on the way was already overflowing, and it was determined that it was dangerous to continue evacuation.
Mr. Tani said, “If the evacuation site is changed while the typhoon is approaching, it will be difficult for the evacuees to be put in a difficult situation. I was wondering what the city decided to encourage re-evacuation.
Sediment flows into the evacuation center and re-evacuates
In some cases, the “installation location” of the evacuation center was the cause of re-evacuation.
At the Kaso Community Center, which was established as a refuge in Kanuma City, earth and sand flowed into the room where the evacuees were staying and were forced to evacuate again.
According to Kanuma City, this evacuation center is in a special alert area where there is a high risk of landslide disaster. It means that the earth and sand have flowed into.
A woman in her 30s in the room said, “When a landslide happened, I heard a loud noise and the landslide flowed in. The residents screamed and I was very scared.”
There were no injuries due to landslides, but about 70 people in the shelter had to move to their elementary school about 300 meters away by car.
On the way, there was a bridge that was damaged by the “Kanto / Tohoku heavy rain” four years ago, and the fire brigade led to elementary school while checking the safety of the surrounding area.
Mr. Hiroyasu Kamiyama of the fire brigade who led the tour said, “There was a risk of moving at night, but we had to evacuate. We were forced to make difficult decisions as a fire brigade.”
Expert “Re-inspection of evacuation center settings”
Associate professor Naoya Sekiya at the University of Tokyo, who is familiar with evacuation in the event of a disaster, says, “In many typhoons, people evacuate in the dark and fall with their cars, or hit with something blown by a strong wind, and injuries and death occur. Even if it is expected that the long-term life after that will be suffered, in advance or early evacuation, the priority should be given to ensuring personal safety and protecting lives. If there are a series of re-evacuations that take risks and go outside, it is necessary to re-examine the way of evacuation and the setting of the location. "