The typhoon No. 15 “Welfare evacuation center” took time to open the local government Chiba September 27th 15:54
At the time of Typhoon No. 15, there were local governments in Chiba Prefecture that took time to open because “welfare shelters” that received victims requiring special consideration such as the elderly and persons with disabilities were not prepared due to the effects of the power outage I understood that. Experts point out that the procedures for establishing welfare shelters should be reviewed again.
NHK interviewed 10 local governments, such as Chiba City, Ichihara City, and Kimitsu City, which had a large number of power outages, regarding the status of the establishment of “welfare shelters” in Chiba Prefecture during Typhoon No. 15.
As a result, welfare shelters were established in response to residents' requests in five of these municipalities.
However, Kimitsu City, Minamiboso City, and Yachimata City, among the five local governments, are the largest in the establishment of pre-designated welfare shelters because air conditioning facilities cannot be used due to prolonged power outages. I found out that it took a week.
During this time, Kimitsu City and Minamiboso City established temporary evacuation centers with lighting and coolers restored with power supply cars from electric power companies, and took measures to preferentially accept people with poor health and disabilities. It is that.
Experts who are well-versed in supporting disaster victims pointed out that the procedures for securing and opening power sources at welfare shelters should be reviewed in the event of a power outage.
Associate Professor Hidehiro Suzuki of Nihon University's School of Crisis Management said, “We will advance preparations that will allow us to respond flexibly to emergencies such as power outages by enhancing the number of recipients of elderly and disabled people who need to consider various disasters. It should be. "
With welfare shelter
“Welfare evacuation centers” are evacuation centers that accept victims who need special consideration during disasters, such as the elderly and people with disabilities, and the need for the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake has been pointed out.
According to the national guidelines, “welfare shelters” should be equipped with barrier-free facilities such as the installation of toilets for disabled people and the elimination of steps, and secure persons with nursing care expertise on the assumption of accepting disabled people. I need it.
However, in the Great East Japan Earthquake, in addition to prolonged evacuation life, prior designation of welfare evacuation shelters was not enough, and elderly people and people with disabilities were not able to get used to group life and become troubled with their surroundings. There was a case to do.
In response to this, the government designates public facilities and private care establishments where the elderly and persons with disabilities can receive appropriate care and medical care as welfare shelters in advance and is necessary in the event of a disaster. We ask local governments nationwide to open promptly.
For this reason, each local government has an issue of how to understand the needs of people who need welfare shelters and how to secure those who support them.
Associate Prof. Suzuki says, “The government has established guidelines for welfare shelters, but I feel that they are still not functioning enough every time a disaster occurs. It should be decided on. "