Palestinian poet Taghreed Abdel Aal (right) and Tunisian writer Hend Ziyadi (Al Jazeera)

Literary writing is considered one of the forms of resistance in the modern era, as its function goes beyond the artistic and aesthetic dimensions on which it is bet and its productions are usually imprinted as a means of self-expression in relation to the world. Therefore, modern and contemporary Arabic literature has a high and prestigious position in the conscience of people and their daily lives.

This symbolic status led him to develop his potential at the level of expression and open new outlets for humanity in relation to the occupation and its oppression.

Throughout its history, literature has played an active role in resisting the colonizer and exposing his illusions. Because literature has always been influential in society by virtue of its urging it to revolt and leading it to regain its stolen dignity and its right to express its positions fluently and freely towards colonialism and oppression, the political authorities have always played the role of censors of this style of writing that liberates the self, society and memory.

Modern Palestinian literature is the largest model of the relationship between literature and resistance, as many Palestinian writers such as Ghassan Kanafani, Mahmoud Darwish, Zakaria Ahmed, Samih al-Qasim and others have contributed to the resistance by writing and imaginary, but these writings have been a beacon for many Arab writers who wrote critical, literary and intellectual works such as Elias Khoury, Amjad Nasser and Abdul Latif Al-Laabi, which indirectly contribute to highlighting the Palestinian wound and its resistance to the brutal Israeli occupation.

Moroccan writer and poet Abdellatif Laabi says in his book "The Cultural Bet" that Palestine is "a living heritage, which grows and shines daily before our eyes and consciences. Returning to Him, or rather dialogue with Him, is not an escape from backwards or out of stubborn reality that may be dictated by the inability to accomplish tasks that have stumbled here and there, it is engagement in a school open to universal creativity, to dare to think, speak and act, a school in which theory and practice are united and spoken in the language of hope."

Literature and exposing the reality of the occupation

On the essence of this relationship between literature and resistance in Gaza, says Tunisian novelist Hind Ziyadi in an interview with Al Jazeera Net that "the flood of Al-Aqsa has dimensions at the cultural and intellectual level not because it proved the ability of the resisters to defeat the enemy and insult him militarily, but also because he revealed a lot of masks and revealed the lie of many narratives of freedom and human values advocated by the other, and was thus an example aspires everyone to realize his ranks. "

Hence the role of literature – in the eyes of the author of the book "The Nightmare" – in "dismantling that thought that starts from a position of deficiency, trying to find its roots, presenting its dangerous manifestations and offering possible alternatives.

"Arab thought and culture have not yet recovered from the literature of the so-called setback, thus contributing to the production of a complete cultural situation based on defeat, resounding fall and total helplessness, and many regimes have contributed to promoting this spirit to serve their own agenda and the agenda of their allies," al-Ziyadi said.

Therefore, in her view, "we must not lose sight of the counter-case that was based on partisan propaganda that sometimes portrayed fake victories or exaggerated the size of the gains for the same reasons, creating a backlash among the people. Between the two extremes, Arab thought has been oscillating without the ability to reach a balanced middle state that makes us aware of the reality of our position, working to change it and at the same time (make) us proud of our differences, our humanity and the importance of our existence for all humanity. That's why it's neither better nor healthier and more balanced than literature to treat this condition."

"I have always believed that the novel is the book of modern history, so it is no better to talk about the Palestinian cause in a new realistic spirit in which it avoids all the mistakes of the past by delegating human beings there to their human status and by telling their stories and details in all their human dimensions, without exaggerating the aura of heroism and holiness on them, as well as without degrading the value of their sacrifices and their great steadfastness, and the more literature remains faithful to its human spirit and its bias towards man and his issues, the more he can serve the truth and serve the Palestinian cause," she added.

In her view, this means "ridding him of the ideology that has diverted him from his humanitarian goals, put him at the service of a few people and distorted the truth."

Al-Ziyadi starts from a concept of her own, seeing in "writing in itself a form of resistance", so she says: "Novels must flourish and abound and the voice of writers, writers and creators must be louder without falling into the cheap propaganda of field resistance, which needs literature as much as its highness, a sophisticated artistic literature and not just a veiled simulation of reality in all its manifestations."

She added that "we need literature that questions the new identity, establishes it, draws it, asks all questions and deepens constructive civilized dialogue between us, and we do not need cheap propaganda literature that offends the cause more than it serves it, and its impact ends as soon as the field battle ends."

Literature and resistance

For her part, the Palestinian writer and poet Taghreed Abdel Aal says that "literature is not only an artistic picnic, but rather a capture of meaning and depth, and its relationship to the Palestinian resistance is its relationship to the meaning of right against injustice and occupation."

And explain in an interview with Al Jazeera Net "I have shown us the narratives of the world that the victory of the narrative is the victory of the right, so the literature document humanitarian to go deep in the meaning of being in this world and aware of yourself and your right, has been able to narrative Palestinian to go deep to deconstruct the narrative of freedom of the Palestinian person historically, humanely and existentially, and appeared there literature prisons and literature exile and diaspora, and whatever the labels, these literature trying to tell the Palestinian tale and free from the clutches of colonialism. "

In her view, "the relationship between Palestinian literature and resistance is the relationship between the idea of place and freedom, it is the relationship between the meaning of existence and identity. Palestinian literature cannot be separated from the resistance, no matter how different and renewed the methods are; humanist literature in general is also not separated from the essence of humanity linked to the meaning of your existence in the world, which is itself a political idea. Does Saramago's novel Blindness, for example, not raise the problem of human existence? Of course, it discusses the meaning of political corruption, and there are other examples, of course."

Thus, the poet considers that "if literature is not a human heritage that raises questions of a just existence in this world, it will not leave a true impact. So too does Palestinian literature, which continues to look at the Palestinian existence in general, which is a humanitarian and political issue, and the philosophy of its existence is primarily resistance. Poetry, which has begun to diversify and form, is also inseparable from its essence, which is stability, truth and existence."

Source : Al Jazeera