Can you rent a house and settle down? Recently, Qingdao issued the Notice on Further Deepening the Reform of the Household Registration System. This time, who are the people benefited by the household registration reform in Qingdao, the megacity? What other specific policies are in the notice? What will be the background and impact of the policy? This issue of "News 1+1" invites Ma Liang, a researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy of the Chinese University and a professor at the School of Public Administration, to focus on the following: If you rent a house, you can settle down, and who will open the "door" of household registration?
Shandong Qingdao can be rented and settled
After two years, Qingdao recently issued a new policy for the reform of the household registration system. In terms of talent settlement, residence settlement, family refuge settlement, employment settlement, investment and entrepreneurship settlement, the biggest feature of the new policy is that the settlement restrictions have been greatly relaxed, and the media is most concerned about: rent a house to settle down! This is also regarded as Qingdao has completely opened the door to settlement.
The reform of household registration in megacities has gone further
Ma Liang, researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy and professor at the School of Public Administration, Renmin University of Chinese: In fact, a series of policies for the reform of Qingdao's household registration system are still very strong. For example, there have been relatively large actions in further expanding the scope of talent settlement, continuing to relax residence settlement, and broadening the channels for relatives to settle down, especially in Qingdao, Shandong, which everyone is more concerned about. As a sub-provincial city and a megacity, Qingdao dares to take such a big step in the reform of the household registration system, and I think it will also attract the attention of many cities, and may promote a new round of "grabbing people".
Refining the "supporting measures" is crucial
Ma Liang, researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy and professor at the School of Public Administration, Renmin University of Chinese: For new citizens, he will be very concerned about renting, can he realize the "same right to rent and purchase"? It is whether people who rent a house and buy a house can enjoy the same rights, whether it is in education, medical care, social security and so on. If this is not done well, it may be difficult to achieve the desired effect of the policy. Conversely, from the perspective of a local resident, he may also be worried about whether the new arrivals will compete for some resources and crowd out some public service places. Therefore, I think it is very important for the local government to solve the contradiction between supply and demand as much as possible, and even consider the potential contradictions that may exist between new citizens and existing citizens.
From "Gathering Talents" to "Increasing Population"
Ma Liang, researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy and professor at the School of Public Administration, Renmin University of Chinese: As the competition between cities becomes increasingly fierce, some regional central cities will pay great attention to their own primacy in the region. The first degree is mainly reflected in the convergence of population, economic aggregate, they hope to continue to absorb the population, the formation of regional radiation driving effect, and these are inseparable from the strong population scale support. In the past, many cities focused on "pinching the top" to attract some of the most cutting-edge top talents, and this aspect can even be said to have entered the "red sea" stage. In the past, we paid more attention to talent attraction, which was a more utilitarian urban development logic, but now we are beginning to pay attention to how to make the local population registered, which is more of an inclusive development turn.
What does population size mean for urban development?
Ma Liang, researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy and professor at the School of Public Administration, Renmin University of Chinese: We can see that big cities are big because they are big, so there will be more possibilities in terms of resource absorption, opportunity convergence, development prospects and so on. Largeness also means diversity, because the vitality of a city is reflected in the diversity of the city, and in the composition of the population from which the city comes from. Of course, the large size of the population may also bring some new problems, and the "big city disease" we often talk about may also be caused by the excessive size of the population. Therefore, on the one hand, many cities are absorbing the population, and on the other hand, they also hope to match the population according to different functional areas, and carry out corresponding functional relief, so as to achieve the simultaneous advancement of population size and structure.
How do you retain people while attracting them?
Ma Liang, researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy and professor at the School of Public Administration, Renmin University of Chinese: I think this kind of population competition between cities is actually a very good opportunity for people. The city will choose the people it wants to settle in, and the people will choose the city they aspire to. Therefore, the reform of some of our household registration systems is to expand the space for our cities and people's choices. I think it's very important that when the city and people meet, the city needs to make more efforts to make people see their sense of belonging and value in the city as much as possible, and try to make this person shine as much as possible. Including in the case of Qingdao City, I think it is very important that it mentions "broadening the channels for relatives to settle down", not for the settlement of the urban population, not to let him come alone, but to let him have a family-friendly turn, so that he can live and work here in peace and happiness. (CCTV News Client)