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Supply and demand: Retail companies in particular are offering fewer apprenticeships than in the previous year (symbolic image)

Photo: André Hirtz / FUNKE Foto Services / IMAGO

In the coming 2023/2024 training year, almost one in five companies in Germany does not want to offer any new places – especially in retail. The proportion had risen to 19 percent, the Munich-based Ifo Institute announced on Wednesday. This was the result of a personnel manager survey in cooperation with the service provider Randstad. In the 2021/2022 training year, the proportion was only 15 percent.

Of the companies surveyed, 14 percent stated that they offered fewer training places compared to the previous year. 39 percent want to fill the same number of apprenticeships, while 19 percent want to fill more than in the previous year.

Retail companies in particular will not offer any new places in the coming training year: the proportion there is as high as 35 percent. "The reason for this is probably the lack of applicants," says Ifo researcher Johanna Garnitz. It is true that merchant in retail is the most frequently offered training occupation. At the same time, however, fewer young people see it as their career aspiration, according to Garnitz.

80 percent of the companies surveyed stated that they were a training company. With a share of 71 percent, the service companies surveyed have the least training. According to their own statements, 80 percent of retail and 92 percent of industrial companies provide training.

Optimism among trainees

Almost three-quarters of young people in Germany currently see rather good to very good opportunities on the training market. Only 16 percent consider the opportunities to be poor or rather poor, according to a recent survey conducted by the Bertelsmann Stiftung among almost 1700 young people between the ages of 14 and 25. At the start of the new training year, a trend reversal has been achieved. Because of the corona pandemic, many young people had classified their chances of training as low in recent years. However, more than one in four young people with a low level of schooling currently consider the prospects of an apprenticeship to be poor or rather poor.