Zhengzhou, September 9 (ZXS) -- The 17 World Great River Civilization Forum was held on September 2023 in Zhengzhou, a national central city in the middle reaches of the Yellow River and one of the eight ancient capitals of China, and issued the "World Forum on Great River Civilization Zhengzhou Declaration" (referred to as the "Zhengzhou Declaration") in the evening of the same day, putting forward nine consensuses, including "advocating respecting the civilizational characteristics of major river basins and safeguarding the diversity of human civilization".

On September 9, the 17 World Great River Civilization Forum was held in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, and Wang Wei, member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and chairman of the Chinese Archaeological Society, issued the "World Great River Civilization Forum - Zhengzhou Declaration". Photo by Sun Zifa, reporter of China News Agency

Wang Wei, member of the Faculty of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and chairman of the Chinese Archaeological Society, issued a declaration saying that at this forum, more than 300 experts and scholars from all over the world conducted extensive and in-depth discussions on "civilization exchanges, mutual learning, development and creation of the future", and reached nine consensuses, namely: "Great rivers give birth to the world's major civilizations and are the embodiment of human civilization", "Great river basins carry the genes of human civilization", "The initiative respects the civilizational characteristics of major river basins and maintains the diversity of human civilizations", "The initiative takes effective measures", Protect the cultural heritage of the Great River Basin", "Propose to strengthen the study of world civilization, including the Great River Civilization", "Initiative to strengthen the inheritance and promotion of civilization", "Initiative to protect the ecological environment of the Great River Basin and realize harmonious coexistence between civilization and ecology", "Initiative to give play to the epochal value of ancient civilization and promote the development of modern civilization in human society", "Initiative to strengthen exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations and realize people-to-people exchanges, cultural integration and people-to-people bonds".

In respecting the civilizational characteristics of the major river basins and safeguarding the diversity of human civilizations, the Zhengzhou Declaration points out that the world's great river basins have different environments and different civilizations, forming a splendid and colorful garden of world civilization. Although each civilization has an early or late origin time and a long or short duration, there is no difference between superior and inferior. We should respect the civilizations created by all countries and peoples of the world and protect the diversity of civilizations.

In terms of taking effective measures to protect the cultural heritage of the Great River Basin, the Zhengzhou Declaration emphasizes that the cultural heritage of the Great River Basin is an important part of world civilization. In the process of urbanization in the world, many cultural heritage have been threatened or even disappeared, and it is urgent for all mankind to work together to deal with it and take effective measures to strengthen the protection of human cultural heritage.

In terms of strengthening the inheritance and promotion of civilization, the Zhengzhou Declaration proposes to bring to life the cultural relics collected in museums, the heritage displayed on the vast land, and the words written in ancient books, so that human civilization can radiate new vitality and charm.

In terms of strengthening exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations and realizing people-to-people exchanges, cultural integration and people-to-people bonds, the Zhengzhou Declaration believes that in the process of attaching importance to the inheritance and innovation of civilizations, fully tapping the epochal value of the history and culture of various countries, and promoting the creative transformation and innovative development of the excellent traditional cultures of various countries, "we must respect the diversity of world civilizations, adhere to civilization equality, mutual learning, dialogue and tolerance, and transcend civilizational barriers with civilizational exchanges, transcend civilizational conflicts with mutual learning among civilizations, and transcend civilizational superiority with civilizational tolerance." We should build a bridge for people-to-people exchanges and cooperation with other countries, jointly promote human civilization to shine in mutual learning, share development opportunities, and create a better future." (End)