Chinanews.com, August 8 -- On August 23, the Ministry of Natural Resources held a regular press conference in August. Xiong Zili, Director of the Department of Geological Exploration and Management of the Ministry of Natural Resources, introduced the geological and marine disasters from January to July and the geological and marine disaster prevention and control work of "seven lower and eight upper". Xiong Zili introduced that from January to July this year, a total of 23,8 geological disasters occurred in the country, and 1 geological disasters occurred that caused the death and disappearance of people, resulting in 7 deaths and direct economic losses of about 1.7 million yuan. A total of 1243 geological disasters were successfully predicted, and 26,52 people were avoided from being killed or injured.
Xiong Zili said that "seven downs and eight ups" has always been a key period for flood prevention in China every year. According to the statistics of the meteorological department, from July 7 to August 16 this year, China's heavy rainfall area is concentrated and extreme, there are a total of 8 heavy rain processes in the country, North China and Northeast China were hit by 15 heavy rain processes, of which the daily precipitation in many places in North China broke records.
Xiong Zili introduced that the Ministry of Natural Resources has taken various effective measures to do a good job in the critical period of flood prevention in the "seven downs and eight ups", especially the prevention and response of geological disasters and marine disaster prevention before and after the landfall of typhoons "Du Surui" and "Kanu".
First, strengthen research and deployment and strengthen precautions. On July 7, the Ministry of Natural Resources held a video conference on the scheduling and deployment of geological disaster prevention and control work in the critical period of the national "seven lower and eight upper" in 15, requiring close attention to key areas and key periods, and redeployment and re-requirements for the national "seven lower and eight upper" critical period geological disaster prevention work. On August 2023, the General Office of the Ministry of Natural Resources issued the "Urgent Notice on Effectively Doing a Good Job in the Prevention of Current Geological Disasters", requiring local departments in charge of natural resources at all levels to supervise and guide relevant departments and relevant units to implement disaster prevention responsibilities and promptly handle various emergencies. On August 8 and August 1, special ministerial meetings were held to deploy geological disaster prevention and marine disaster early warning and forecasting measures in areas affected by typhoons "Dusuri" and "Kanu". On August 8, the Notice on Further Doing a Good Job in Responding to Typhoon Kanu Marine Disasters was issued, requiring all relevant units under the Ministry to further do a good job in the prevention of Typhoon Kanu marine disasters, strengthen on-duty duty, strengthen emergency preparedness, and implement important links such as marine observation and monitoring, data transmission, early warning and forecasting, consultation and judgment, information release and disaster assessment. Strengthen consultation, study and judgment, focus on the development trend of Kanu, pay attention to the movement trend and intensity of Typhoon No. 3, and issue early warning forecasts in a timely manner; Dispatch expert working groups in a timely manner to strengthen guidance on local marine disaster prevention in key hidden danger areas; Implement a zero-information reporting system, and report disaster information as soon as possible.
The second is to strengthen consultation and early warning and strengthen defense response. In terms of geological disaster prevention and response: especially during the impact of typhoons, the Ministry of Natural Resources organized two video consultation and scheduling meetings in relevant areas to study and judge the development trend of geological disaster risks in Beijing, Hebei, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and other places, analyze key areas for prevention, timely activate and adjust defense response levels, and study targeted preventive measures. From July 2 to August 7, the Ministry of Natural Resources issued 15 issues of national geological disaster meteorological risk early warning products, targeting 8 provinces affected by multiple rounds of heavy rainfall and typhoons "Du Surui" and "Kanu", launched 16 geological disaster defense level III. and IV responses, and dispatched 73 working groups and stationed experts led by department-level leaders to strengthen risk research and early warning issuance in conjunction with local natural resources authorities, and carried out inspections and inspections in early warning areas and important hidden dangers. Timely put forward suggestions for prevention and response and disaster handling to localities, urged and guided local implementation of emergency plans and early warning response measures, and strongly supported and guided local disaster prevention work. In terms of marine disaster prevention: the Ministry of Natural Resources has organized all relevant units to encrypt observation and monitoring, strengthen consultation, study and judgment, timely issue forecasts and early warnings, and strengthen guidance for local marine disaster defense. In response to the three typhoon processes, a total of 18 marine disaster emergency responses were initiated, a total of 12 marine disaster warnings were issued, 14 emergency video consultations were held, and 4 times participated in the National Defense General Conference and Dispatch Meeting. A total of 57 batches of working groups were dispatched to Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang and 19 cities in 11 provinces and Liaoning to carry out on-site surveys, disaster investigation and impact assessment.
The third is to strengthen training and drills and strengthen investigation and transfer. From January to July this year, a total of 1,7 geological disaster drills and 88113,58820 trainings were carried out across the country, with 283,5,233 and 6,85,2 participants respectively. The competent departments of natural resources at all levels across the country have dispatched more than 149,9 experts and technicians, inspected and inspected more than 6437,9,6 hidden danger points (double counting), and urgently dealt with 300,2 geological disasters or hidden dangers. Among them: during the "seven lower and eight upper" period, the Ministry of Natural Resources instructed local departments in charge of natural resources to pay close attention to key periods and key areas, strengthen inspections and investigations, guide the transfer of risk avoidance, and do their best to ensure the safety of people's lives and property. For example, Beijing issued 9 regional geological disaster meteorological risk warnings, 45 road collapse warnings, and issued more than 1715 geological disaster warning reminders for high-risk debris flow ditches, assisting local governments to evacuate more than 1163,5400 people in advance. After the rain, 1200 emergency investigation teams were deployed to dispatch 51,132 people, and 9,71 group survey and group defense personnel were mobilized to carry out disaster prevention and relief work, more than 2600,2 hidden dangers were investigated, and more than 6000,2 geological disasters were handled. Hebei organized 3800 groups of 2700 people to sink 8000 key counties in 6400 mountainous cities, investigated more than 24,3800 hidden dangers, and assisted local governments to evacuate more than 9,908 people. Liaoning organized the investigation of more than 5886,<> hidden dangers and assisted local governments in transferring more than <>,<> people. Jilin inspected and investigated more than <>,<> hidden dangers and assisted local governments in evacuating more than <>,<> people. Heilongjiang dispatched more than <>,<> people, investigated more than <>,<> hidden dangers, guided highway departments to temporarily close <> roads, assisted local governments in evacuating more than <>,<> people, successfully avoided <> disasters, and avoided <> possible casualties. Zhejiang organized inspections of <>,<> geological hazard hidden danger points and risk areas to achieve full coverage in the province.