The capacity building of key clinical specialties refers to the improvement of clinical specialties guided by meeting the clinical needs of major diseases, and promoting the improvement of diagnosis and treatment capabilities and levels with the development of specialties. According to data from the National Health Commission, in the past 10 years, the central and local governments have jointly invested more than 320 billion yuan to support the construction of key clinical specialties at the national, provincial, city and county levels. Among them, there are more than 2200,<> national key clinical specialty construction projects.

Promote the construction of key clinical specialties and promote the improvement of diagnosis and treatment

In the past 10 years, China has promoted the construction of key clinical specialties in accordance with the construction idea of "grasping key points, making up for shortcomings, and strengthening and weak items", and driving the improvement of regional medical standards. Taking the service supply capacity as an example, the number of open beds in related specialties with inpatient services in the construction project increased by 46%, the annual number of outpatient consultations increased by 63%, the annual number of inpatient consultations increased by 69.68%, and the annual number of surgeries increased by 89.88%.

The national key clinical specialty construction projects are appropriately tilted towards non-provincial capital cities, so that the distribution of medical resources is more balanced. Platform specialties such as anesthesia, intensive care medicine, and pathology, as well as weak specialties such as pediatrics, emergency and psychiatry, have been significantly strengthened.

Major breakthroughs have been made in key technology fields, and more than 31,19 new technologies and projects have been carried out in construction projects, and nearly <>,<> patents have been applied.

Compared with 2012, the number of specialist doctors related to construction projects increased by 54.5%, the number of nurses increased by 53.3%, and the number of other health professional and technical personnel increased by 51.8%.

According to the plan, during the "750th Five-Year Plan" period, at the national level, provinces will be supported to build no less than 31 national key clinical specialty construction projects, support relevant specialties to innovate in key technology fields such as regenerative medicine, brain science, artificial intelligence, and biomedicine, and promote the ability of related specialties to enter the forefront of the world. At the provincial level, 5000 provinces have supported no less than 31,10000 provincial-level key clinical specialty construction projects. At the city (county) level, <> provinces have supported at least <>,<> prefecture-level and county-level clinical specialty capacity building projects.

All localities have accelerated the construction of key clinical specialties

In the past ten years, China has successively formulated policies such as the interim measures for the management of national key clinical specialty construction projects and the "14th Five-Year Plan" national key clinical specialty construction plan, orderly layout and promotion of key clinical specialty construction projects, and promote the expansion of high-quality medical resources and balanced regional layout. All localities have accelerated the construction of key clinical specialties to facilitate patients with difficult and severe diseases to seek medical treatment.

Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital has established 13 national key clinical specialties for major diseases with high incidence and serious health hazards. At the National Key Clinical Specialty - Organ Transplant Center, Ms. Wang, who received a combined kidney and pancreas transplant, recovered and was discharged from the hospital. Ms. Wang, who has suffered from diabetes for more than 20 years, has suffered damage to many organs such as eyes, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, etc., and needs pancreas and kidney transplantation to obtain blood sugar control function, solve the problem of kidney failure and the need for perennial dialysis. However, the blood types of the two organ donors are different from Ms. Wang's, the operation is difficult, the wound is difficult to heal, and the risk of complications is high. After careful treatment by medical staff, Ms. Wang's pancreas and kidney joint transplantation was successful, and her blood sugar and kidney function indicators have returned to normal.

In recent years, the Organ Transplantation Center of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital has successfully implemented more than 1000,<> large organ transplant surgeries through the construction of key clinical specialties, vigorously introduced outstanding talents and advanced technologies.

Yang Zhenglin, President of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital and Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences: During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, we hope to improve the level of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of difficult diseases through the construction of national key clinical specialties, and fulfill an important responsibility for solving difficult patients in Sichuan Province.

In order to solve common diseases and frequent diseases in the county, Jinxiang County People's Hospital of Shandong Province has established 19 provincial and municipal key clinical specialties. The provincial-level key clinical specialty Cardiology, focusing on improving the rescue ability of acute and critical patients, led the construction of a county "ECG network", opened green treatment channels in counties, townships and villages, so that patients with coronary heart disease, heart failure, acute myocardial infarction and other patients were treated in time, and more than 1000,<> cases of coronary intervention surgery were carried out last year.

Dai Jianjun, Secretary of the Party Committee and President of Jinxiang County People's Hospital: Last year, the hospital invested more than 100 million yuan to donate ECG collection equipment to our village clinics in the county, and all these chest pain patients can get timely collection of ECG in the village and transmit them to the ECG diagnosis center of the county hospital, especially these patients with acute myocardial infarction, it can be said that they have received rapid and timely treatment.