In the twenty-first century, robots have left factories and laboratories, and are no longer limited to simple and repetitive tasks, but have penetrated all areas of our lives, entering our streets, schools, homes and theaters. It's no longer just simple machines, they can collaborate and communicate with us, it's the age of the social robot that will share our lives in the future.
Where will machine intelligence go? Does it threaten to displace people from their professional positions? Will these machines reciprocate sensations and emotions? What will be the ethics of dealing with the outputs of these smart machines? These and other questions were the themes of the film screened by Al Jazeera Documentary, as part of the "Cosmic Sciences" series, entitled "Artificial Intelligence".
Mechanisms of interaction. Artificial intelligence in hotels, stores and schools
The latest version of the robots was offered in the United States, it is the robot "Timmy", and accompanied in the markets a huge advertising campaign, it is equipped with cameras, a light probe to avoid obstacles, a screen and a smart communication system, and it can distinguish its owner and respond to his call, control his home devices, and communicate with friends with a simple voice command, which is an ideal assistant for only $ 2000,<>.
"Masalm" is the first Arabic-speaking robot
In Saudi Arabia, researchers created the first Arabic-speaking robot, and the goal was for the robot to use a "peaceful" receptionist in hotels and shops, and it could even use a teacher.
In Finland, the robot "Elias" interacts with school students and reassures them about their conditions, and may suggest to them some of its recreational activities such as dancing, singing and some relaxation exercises, and the results of the students dealing with it seem promising, as robots are very attractive to children, they are excited to think about them, and they like the idea of controlling them.
In Finland, the robot "Elias" interacts with school students and reassures them about their conditions
Bieber is smarter than his brother Elias, designed by Finnish robotics company SoftBank, the world's leader in robotics, Bieber can identify faces and know emotions, is used in shops, train stations and museums, is being tested in hospitals and nursing homes to help patients, and is determined to learn on his own from his experiences.
The companion of the sheikhs. Robotic pets for human amusement
With the increase in the relationship between humans and robots, robots with a human-like appearance began to be designed, and "Nadine" is the latest generation of social robots, and she was designed at Tanyang University in Singapore, and she can distinguish her talkers, remember previous conversations, and is able to analyze emotions and start a new dialogue.
Nadine also captures data from the face, transmits it to a huge database, reveals the type of emotion through pre-stored forms, and acts according to what she understood. Such models may be preferred by some people to entertain them in their old age.
Pesquet is an artificial guest hosted by a nursing home in southern England
Some researchers prefer that the appearance of the robot not be exactly identical to humans, because this generates a kind of fear called the "strange valley", and prefer it to be more like an anime or a pet, such as the dog "Bisket", an industrial guest hosted by a nursing home in the south of England, comforting and talking to inmates.
In Florida, pet-cat robots are used to relieve stress on Alzheimer's patients, eliminating overdoses of painkillers and psychiatric medications.
Flexibility of movement. Models inspired by Mother Nature
The kinetic techniques in robots are still very simple, compared to the movement of living organisms, and researchers make every effort to reach the minimum movement of some organisms, and to reproduce their movement, whether in water, on land or in the air.
A robot that simulates fitness movements like humans do
In Germany, the company "Resto" developed a flying robot that simulates a bat, weighing 580 grams and a wingspan of 2.28 meters, and they move separately by two independent engines, and fly gracefully in a narrow space, thanks to sensors and cameras installed on its structure.
In the Netherlands, a robot mimicking the flight of the peregrine was designed and used effectively at airports to keep other birds out of the path of take-off or landing planes.
Robot is a replica of the Orbatis Batisti lizard that went extinct 300 million years ago
In the sea, the fish Sophie was made with a tail and two fins of flexible silicon, and it has a streamlined body that mimics the natural fish, and it flows into the water thanks to the mechanism of pumping and expelling water, and its speed and direction can be controlled, and its task is to photograph the ocean floor and its secrets, without frightening fish and other creatures.
We also have Robot, a version of the Orbatis patisti lizard that went extinct 300 million years ago, and scientists used the skeleton and fossilized footprints to form the lizard's structure, and with the help of artificial intelligence based on the traces of the steps they were able to simulate the way this extinct creature walks.
Centaur, a robot inspired by the legend of the centaur, is a mythical being with a human head and a horse body
Robots continue to improve, moving more agile than ever, exploring their environment and using tools, in an ongoing effort to teach them to make their own decisions. Inspired by the legend of the centaur, the Centaur, a mythical creature with a human head and a horse's body, is the latest example of rescue robots, as it can carry, move and navigate weights in rough terrain on four legs.
Urban planning. Intelligent algorithms for making a resilient life
New generations of self-driving cars are equipped with cameras and sensors, which monitor traffic lights and read signs, distinguish between pedestrians and bicycles, and radar and lasers accurately identify surrounding objects. We are moving towards a safer society, free of traffic jams and accidents, where smart cars transcend human errors.
AI can recognize people through their faces
Smart modern cities look like a network of smart cars that work within a smart algorithm, running on a greeting structure of planned streets, buildings equipped with cameras and sensors, to provide cars with the necessary images when visibility is obscured.
More comprehensive algorithms that look at the city-wide transport sector and treat travelers with data on their departure destinations and timing, called "fleet management," take it upon themselves to choose the safest and least congested route.
Snowbreakers and cargo carriers. General Service Machinery
In Germany, researchers have developed over two years a self-driving motorcycle that can automate, accelerate and maintain balance without human intervention. In Sweden, a seven-metre self-driving T-Pod truck has been developed, which can transport 20 tons of cargo and can be controlled remotely on complex journeys. Then she developed her sister "T-Log" designed to transport timber.
Giant robotic snowplows in Norway clean airport runways
Norway has giant snowplows that clean airport runways, 20 meters long and 5.5 meters wide, are self-moving and controlled from the control tower, and are capable of cleaning 350,<> square meters in one hour. In the Netherlands, prototypes of autonomous boats, intended for cargo and passengers, are being tested, and thanks to their shape they can dock to form bridges and floating platforms.
The question remains: do we entrust these machines with our lives? There are problems about the nature of the sensors and how they perceive the surroundings around them, as well as endless ethical problems, such as: Do you crash the car itself or run over the person passing in front of it? These problems increase as autonomous vehicles enter the era of "deep learning," which is to self-develop their artificial intelligence programs during experiments and use their previous experience to correct their mistakes.
Killer robot. The dilemma of determining ethical responsibilities
In America, an artificial hand has developed that moves a cube with letters on it, to show a specific letter as required by the screen in front of it, and with the repetition of the experiment, the hand shows the required letter faster and with easier movements. There is the robotic dog "Animal", which is good at moving in all directions and keeping its balance when descending and climbing stairs, and can request the elevator and enter the room available from it and choose the role it wants to climb to.
Can artificial intelligence go outside the laws of its maker, violating morals and values, and killing people?
The ethical and logical problem remains one of the main obstacles to artificial intelligence, as artificial intelligence is biased to the laws of its designer, and thus requires more generalization and neutrality in order for intelligence to be suitable for different environments.
In Australia, the robot "Ranger Bot" that works underwater, has obtained permission to hunt and kill, and its mission is to identify a specific type of invasive starfish eating coral reefs, and inject it with a deadly poison, and after two years of development he carried out the first experiment deep in coral reefs, and the results were encouraging, as the chance of hunting the target star exceeds 99%, and the result is to protect coral reefs from extinction.
"Sophie" is a fish robot that moves smoothly in the water and depicts coral and marine life
The ethical question is, does a robot make the decision to eliminate a living organism? Researchers argue that human presence is necessary to monitor robots to get out of this thorny ethical issue. As machine artificial intelligence increases, will it displace humans from the scene?
Tomorrow's doctors and police. Supernatural abilities beyond human ability
Artificial intelligence recognizes people, objects and hand weapons, for example, in a more specific way than humans themselves, and is very suitable in security surveillance operations, and when cameras capture scenes with suspicion of assault, artificial intelligence quickly informs the competent security authorities in order to take action.
Artificial intelligence can recognize hand guns and notify security authorities immediately
In the United Kingdom, cybersecurity algorithms have been developed, similar to the work of the human body's immune system, self-learning on hacking methods, pinpointing the exact location of the hacked device, and being used in ports and some power plants.
Artificial intelligence has also entered the field of medical diagnostics, as it has developed the "Entropox" algorithm for ECG and knowledge of its diseases, with accuracy and speed far exceeding the work of some doctors. Will robots be tomorrow's doctors and police? Will artificial intelligence outperform human intelligence?
Artificial intelligence questions. Super-intelligent machines in human hands
Artificial intelligence poses thorny questions and the answers of specialists vary, between a strong biased to artificial intelligence, trying to prove that the machine actually outperformed humans in more than one field, and a defender of human intelligence, and that the intelligence of machines, no matter how developed, will not be at the level of human intelligence in the total.
Intelligence can learn more and more and solve human puzzles.
The contribution of artificial intelligence is also limited in the field of feelings and sensations, arts and literature. In the end, robots implement what humans program and ask of them, they are man-made tools to serve them, and the question is related to humans themselves: How smart do they want to reach the machines? And where will these machines take them?
There are super-intelligent machines that do big jobs, but they are not good or bad in particular, but by what humans ask them to do, like any other tool.
Finally, technological progress cannot be prevented, but the consequences should be thought out, and systems and rules should be applied that ensure that intelligent machines are used in the common interest of human beings.