Editor's note:

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has issued a series of important speeches and important articles, with clear style, profound thinking and profound connotation, reflecting reality with history and looking far into the future, shining with the light of Marxist truth. The charming language in these important speeches and articles is a true portrayal of General Secretary Xi Jinping's governing philosophy and a vivid embodiment of his charisma. CCTV's "Daily Learning" column launched the "Idiom Reading" series, in the form of "news comics + text reading", taking you to understand the language charm of General Secretary Xi Jinping from different dimensions.

On January 2022, 1, President Xi Jinping pointed out in a speech at the World Economic Forum video conference: "China wants to achieve common prosperity, but not to engage in egalitarianism, but to first make the 'cake' bigger, and then divide the 'cake' well through reasonable institutional arrangements, so that the tide rises and each gets its own place, so that the fruits of development can benefit all the people more and more equitably." ”

Common prosperity is the essential requirement of socialism, one of the important characteristics of China's modernization, and an important mission and unswerving goal of our party.

Those who are touching, do not be affectionate. General Secretary Xi Jinping has worked at the grassroots level for a long time, has a deep understanding of the national conditions, a meticulous understanding of the people's feelings, and a deep feeling for the people. He makes good use of homely things that come from life and from the masses as an analogy, so that the core essence of the policy reaches the hearts of the people and warms the hearts of the masses.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the general secretary has repeatedly used the "cake" as a metaphor, emphasizing that "we must adhere to the people-centered development thinking and promote common prosperity in high-quality development".

The delicious and attractive "cake" is a concrete expression of common prosperity and contains rich connotations.

The first connotation reveals the relationship between production and distribution. "Making cakes" is the premise and foundation, and "dividing the cake" is the goal and vision.

On August 2021, 8, the general secretary pointed out at the 17th meeting of the Central Finance and Economic Commission that "a happy life is a struggle, and common prosperity must be created by hard work and wisdom".

If the "cake" cannot be bigger, then everyone can only get less or even no share; Only by making the "cake" bigger can we guarantee that everyone has the opportunity to taste delicious. "Making cakes" requires everyone to contribute their own diligence and wisdom for a better life, everyone works together and struggles together, if there are more opportunistic and lazy people, there will be no "cake" to divide in the end.

The second connotation reveals the relationship between fairness and efficiency. To achieve common prosperity, there is also inequality between the poor and the poor.

On October 2015, 10, the general secretary stressed at the second plenary meeting of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 29th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China: "In sharing the achievements of reform and development, there are still imperfections in both the actual situation and the system design. To this end, we must adhere to the principle that development is for the people, development depends on the people, and the fruits of development are shared by the people, and make more effective institutional arrangements so that all the people can steadily advance in the direction of common prosperity. ”

Common prosperity is the prosperity of the entire people, not the prosperity of a few, nor is it uniform egalitarianism, nor is it advocating eating "big pot rice" for nothing. If the "cake" is not divided fairly, it will inevitably breed contradictions and hidden dangers. Therefore, only by planning the top-level design and reasonable system of "dividing the cake" can we make everyone happy and sincere.

The third connotation reveals the relationship between growth and demand.

The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly pointed out that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the main contradiction in our society has been transformed into a contradiction between the people's growing need for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development.

On August 2021, 8, when presiding over the 17th meeting of the Central Finance and Economic Commission, the general secretary stressed that it is necessary to strengthen the guidance of socialist core values, strengthen patriotism, collectivism and socialist education, develop public cultural undertakings, improve the public cultural service system, and continuously meet the diversified, multi-level and multi-faceted spiritual and cultural needs of the people.

Therefore, the "cake" must not only be bigger, but also more "delicious". On the road to achieving common prosperity, it is necessary to make not only the "pockets" rich, but also the "heads".

Enrich the people and the world, forge ahead and strive to be the first.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has placed the promotion of common prosperity of all the people in a more important position, taken effective measures to ensure and improve people's livelihood, led hundreds of millions of people to win the battle against poverty, united and led the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country to build a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and laid a solid foundation for promoting common prosperity.

On February 2023, 2, the general secretary profoundly expounded a series of major theoretical and practical issues of Chinese-style modernization at the opening ceremony of the seminar on studying and implementing the spirit of the 7th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. In this "first lesson of the opening year" for new members and alternate members of the Central Committee and major leading cadres at the provincial and ministerial levels, the general secretary once again stressed that Chinese-style modernization is the modernization of common prosperity for all the people.

Every branch and leaf is always a matter of love. When the general secretary talked about the big issue of "common prosperity," he did not preach bluntly and use difficult and obscure language, but spoke in a coherent. The metaphor of "cake", simple and natural and down-to-earth, makes people suddenly open up in easy listening and understand the profound meaning contained in it.

This is not only the general secretary's speech style and language characteristics, but also a vivid embodiment of the frank and pragmatic style of a leader of a major country.

Director system丨Luo Hongbing, Wei Shuhu

Producer丨Wang Jingdong

Editor-in-chief丨Li Xuan

Editor: 丨Lu Yang

Vision丨Hao Fenglin

Proofreader丨Song Chunyan, Liang Yaqin, Li Yingzhuo, Lou Hao, Li Shanshan, Wang Zhuojie

Produced by CCTV