The world has been holding its breath for months for fear that Russian President Vladimir Putin will ignite a nuclear war, not far from the lines of fire in Ukraine, some of the most important and dangerous weapons of mass destruction fall asleep, and nuclear bombs capable of burning the green of the earth and turning it into a burning ball of fire.
The memory of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs is still full of pain, and the Russian Tsar bomb that burned much of the Arctic and turned centuries-old snow into sap of charred flames, capable of wreaking havoc unparalleled in history.
58 megatons of fire
After two years of construction and development, and after a hard effort by Soviet scientists, led by Andrei Sakharov, a giant plane flew carrying the most important and largest bomb in history, the "Ivan the Great" bomb or the "Tsar bomb" or as the West calls it "the Tsar bomb", this bomb had a tremendous destructive power estimated by American scientists at 100 megatons, 3300 times more than the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs combined, and ten times more powerful than all the munitions used during World War II. But the Soviets chose to try only half of this force, although its destructive power remained tens of times stronger than that of the "Little Boy bomb" and "Fat Man bomb", which were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing tens of thousands.
In the mid-forties, at dawn on July 16, 1945, Washington detonated the first nuclear bomb in world history, two years after "making and installing death" by a number of American scientists, including the young scientist Theodore Hall (1925-1999).
Every morning, Hall watched "death" create, with his hands and between his eyes, in the form of "nuclear bombs," and then watched the power of the explosion and the ferocity of death as he planted his fangs in tens of thousands of innocent Japanese citizens, wiping out at a glance the cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
In the face of the horrific horrors that unfolded after the dust of the US nuclear strike on Japan cleared, Young Hall leaked nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union in an effort to create a kind of balance of deterrence, so that the world would not be dragged into a war that does not remain and does not shed.
Hall's information led the Soviets to play an active role in the development of their nuclear program, triggering a racing spree, and four years later the Soviets tested their first nuclear weapon on August 29, 1949 in Kazakhstan.
Russian Tsar bomb (Al Jazeera)
The Big Bang
Moscow completed the development of the Tsar bomb, which was a mountain of fire and a warehouse of death fragments that gathered into a single mass weighing 26.5 tons. To transport it to the test site, Soviet experts made nearly 50 modifications to the massive Tu-95, including arranging the airframe, replacing all electrical conductors, and repainting it with a reflective white coating so that it would not be consumed by the burning flame that would soon be emitted if the giant fireball left it.
The captain of the plane, Major Pilot Andrei Dornovtsev, was informed of the dangerous mission, and his commanders did not hide from him the nature and difficulty of the mission nor the size of the fireball that would accompany it.
On October 30, 1961, Soviet history was on a date with one of its most exciting and dangerous days when the Tu-95V moved from Olynia Airport on the Kola Peninsula, the airport floor vibrating under the wheels of the flying plane, which was accompanied by another surveillance plane, and it traveled like the largest of flights, the most powerful challenge, and the most terrible flights of death.
After a time of flying, around 11:32 a.m., the burning flames sounded, and the bomb was dropped over one of the uninhabited islands of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic.
From an altitude of 10.5 km, the ball of death rolled over after being dropped by a launcher that had undergone dozens of modifications for this hot moment, dropping into the territory of the archipelago a bomb weighing 26.5 tons, 8 meters long, sitting on a diameter of two meters.
But the process of landing the "Caesar" from the bomber was not easy, it was supervised by a number of experts, and was carried out by a huge balloon dedicated to this mission and weighs about a ton, and its aim was to slow the speed of landing of the huge bomb, so that the plane and its crew could survive and escape from the circle of flames that extended in length, width and depth, and then immortalized in the history of the burning days in the lungs of time.
While the "Caesar" slowly tumbled towards the ground, the plane was moving away speeding against time, and when the incident occurred and "Ivan" exploded, the plane, its escort and their teams had moved 39 km away from the site of the huge explosion.
However, the plane fell to a thousand meters due to the force of the explosion, which disabled 3 of the plane's four engines, burned parts of them, melted others, and charred parts of the white reflective paint with which it was dyed before launch.
However, the team was fortunate to have survived the death that spread on the horizon, and its commander was awarded the rank of lieutenant colonel and demoted from his shoulders the rank of major that he flew on his way to burn the North Pole, while the engineer of the bomb had a different opinion, when he saw what his hands had gained and what the flames could reach if the production of these bombs had evolved.
#روسيا released secret video footage Friday of the largest nuclear explosion on Earth when the Soviet Union detonated a #القيصر bomb in a test in October 1961.
The hydrogen bomb, which carried a force of 50 million tons of explosives, was detonated four thousand meters above the remote Novaya Zemlya archipelago. pic.twitter.com/KLidfjmu6b
— Al Jazeera Documentary (@AljazeeraDoc) August 28, 2020
3 minutes and 67 km of flame
The bomb was detonated via barometric sensors installed on it about 188 seconds after it separated from the plane, and after reaching the scheduled altitude of about 4500,67 meters above sea level, where the fire was launched raging in length with a height of more than 40 km, and a width of 4 km, and the glitter of flames and the flash of fire were seen from a distance of more than a thousand km, while the diameter of the flame circle was shifted from only two meters to extend to 6.<> km.
It was the only minimum event for the Soviet Union, as the vibrations arising from the explosion led to successive vibrations around the globe, according to Russian media, and the US Geological Survey indicated that the explosion of the bomb generated large seismic signals despite its occurrence in the atmosphere, and other sources talked about that the atmospheric turbulence resulting from the explosion revolved around the Earth 3 times.
The BBC website reported that the wave of the explosion revolved around the planet, and that sensors detected it around the Earth 3 times.
In the vicinity of the disaster, the area was flattened to the ground, and the icebergs melted that had been solid for centuries, and the deadly echo extended to level the village of "Severny" to the ground, despite its distance from the accident site by more than 55 km, at a time when buildings were shattered and surfaces were flattened to the ground, despite its distance of more than 160 km from the blazing flame archipelago.
Despite all this, the world was unable to witness these horrors, and see many details of what happened, before the fourth of August 2020, when Russia released a video documenting the moment of the explosion in a clip of 30 minutes, to show the world how unseen the news was, and how huge and terrifying the size of the explosion was.
To know the power of the Tsar's hydrogen bomb:
The Tsar's bomb is on the far right, while the Hiroshima bomb is barely visible on the far left. pic.twitter.com/uGYAvWjq4y
— Ahmad_Alyehri (@Ahmad_Alyehri) May 17, 2016
That horror had seeped strongly into the heart of the bomb "maker", the engineer and great Russian scientist Andrei Sakharov, who later turned into an activist fighting the nuclear race, an advocate of the most prominent advocates of nuclear disarmament, and one of the most important world opinion leaders demanding freedoms and rights, which brought him the curse of the Soviet regime, and also turned him into an icon of struggle in the eyes of the West until he won the Nobel Prize in 1975, and an international prize for freedoms and civil struggle was launched in his name.
On its 61st anniversary, the threat of nuclear radiation is still "very active", and fear continues to burn the hearts of the world in fear of a nuclear war that does not last and does not shed.
For decades, the phobia of nuclear weapons has turned into a whip in the hands of the West that inflames the emergence of "rogue" countries, in order to search for those deadly bombs, the United States burned Iraq, and fought wars of siege and negotiations with North Korea and Iran, but today it has turned – according to observers – to another whip that flogs the West and revives its fears of the new tsar in Russia to open the bag of death, and launch the nuclear genie towards the old continent. Can the snow old bear the flame of incendiary nuclear radiation?