China News Agency, Beijing, January 9 (Reporter Chen Su) The reporter learned from the China Meteorological Administration on the 9th that in 2022, China's average high temperature days will be 16.4 days, the most since 1961 when there were complete meteorological observation records.

  On the same day, the China Meteorological Administration held a press conference to take stock of China's weather and climate in 2022.

According to statistics, in 2022, the national average temperature will be 10.5°C, which is about 0.6°C higher than normal, which is the second highest in history since 1961 after 2021. It is the highest in history since 1961.

  The high temperature in summer and autumn in China is the highest in history.

The national average number of high temperature days (16.4 days) is the most since 1961.

The number of high-temperature days in 13 provinces (cities) including Zhejiang, Fujian, Sichuan and Chongqing is the highest since 1961.

From June 13, 2022 to August 30, 2022, a large-scale continuous high-temperature weather process occurred in central and eastern China, which lasted for 79 days, and 361 stations (accounting for 14.9% of the total number of stations in the country) reached or exceeded the daily maximum temperature. The historical extreme value, the comprehensive intensity of this high temperature event is the strongest since 1961.

  In 2022, the overall precipitation across the country will be relatively low.

The national average precipitation was 606.1 mm, 5.0% less than normal and the least since 2012.

However, the spatial distribution is uneven. There are 11 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) with more precipitation than normal years. Among them, Jilin (more than 35%) has the most since 1961; 20 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) have more precipitation It is relatively low all the year round, among which, Shanghai, Anhui and Ningxia are less than 20%.

  In 2022, China's overall drought will be severe, with obvious regional and periodic droughts.

East China, central China and other places experienced periodic spring and summer droughts. The middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and Sichuan and Chongqing will continue to experience high temperatures and little rain from July to the first half of November 2022, and experience continuous summer and autumn droughts.

The number of days of drought above moderate drought in the Yangtze River Basin was 77 days, 54 days more than the same period of normal years, the most in the same period of history since 1961.

  In 2022, there will be 38 regional rainstorms across the country.

In the late spring and early summer, "Dragon Boat Water" attacked, and floods occurred in the Pearl River Basin; from June to July 2022, there were many rainy days and heavy rainfall in the Northeast, and 40 rivers in the Songliao Basin experienced floods above the warning level; in mid-August 2022 In the second half of the year, short-term heavy rainfall in Sichuan and Qinghai caused flash floods, causing serious disasters.

  Landfalling typhoons are unusually rare.

In 2022, a total of 25 typhoons will form in the Northwest Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea, of which 4 will land in China, which is 3.1 fewer than normal, and tied with 1982, 1997 and 1998 as the fewest since 1949.

  Dust weather is rare and late.

In 2022, there will be a total of 8 sand and dust weather processes in northern China in spring, which is 2.7 times less than the same period in previous years.

From March 3 to 5, the first large-scale dust weather process occurred, 16 days later than normal.