The entry of the Turkish marches on the side of the Ukrainian side represented an important shift in the course of the war during its first months, and in the past weeks the Iranian marches were drawing a new reality in the course of the war in favor of the Russians.
By ordinary logic, the two major Muslim countries that produce drones (Turkey and Iran) are not interested in the war that ignites in the depth of "Christian civilization" and melts the ice on which the bonds of coexistence between the Russian and Ukrainian peoples crossed for centuries, but the logic of making weapons and consolidating power and influence made the two countries The most present in the arenas of confrontation with the West, influential and powerful in making war diaries and death tones between the Russians and Ukrainians.
The Russians rely on Iranian drones of various types, according to what was confirmed by Ukrainian and Western sources, and denied by the Iranians. The Ukrainians protect their bases and skies with the wings of the Bayraktar TB-2, which Turkey considers an icon of its military success. Where did the story begin?
What does the "Islamic" marches change in the daily war between the neighbors of snow and flame?
Bayraktar.. a "magic wand" in the hands of Ukraine
Contrary to what is the case between Russia and Iran's marches, Ukraine's relationship with the Turkish marches is not a result of the war, but rather goes back to before that.
Bayraktar's manufacturer was building a factory in Ukraine before the war broke out, and Ukrainian companies are also producing TB2 engines. In addition, Turkey sold a number of its marches to Kiev over the course of two years, which made observers believe that Ukraine's stockpile of Turkish marches are much higher than the expected number.
The French newspaper "La Croix" described it as a magic wand that enabled the Ukrainians to obstruct the advance of the Russian attackers, noting that social networks are teeming with videos of these marches targeting Russian convoys, as "tank convoys appearing to invade Ukraine are being hit hard by being forced Sometimes, even for a short period of time.
And last March, the Ukrainian ground forces celebrated the Turkish drone in its own way, as it published an enthusiastic song that boasted of the capabilities of the "Bayraktar" march, and the Ground Forces Facebook account stated that publishing the song is "revenge for the Ukrainian, Georgian, Syrian, Chechen and Crimean Tatar children."
Among the words of the Ukrainian song, "The sheep came to us to rebuild the old state, but we have a shepherd for these sheep. We have Bayraktar." And in another section of the song, we find the following: "They brought all their armies, equipment, and powerful missiles, but we have a one-word comment.. Bayraktar!" "
Bayraktar (TB2) Turkish (Al-Jazeera)
Iranian marches alongside the Russians
The beginnings of the story of the Russians resorting to Iranian marches go back to the beginning of last July, when US accusations began flying over Iran regarding its intention to provide its ally Russia with war marches.
The White House announced that its intelligence indicates that Iran will provide Russia with hundreds of drones to help its forces confront the resistance shown by the Ukrainian army in the east of the country.
On August 30, the Washington Post quoted US officials as saying that Iran had sent its first shipment of drones to Russia 10 days ago for use in Ukraine, but some of them had defects.
The newspaper quoted US spy agencies as saying that the shipment included, at least, two types of drones with the ability to carry ammunition for attacks on radars, artillery, and other military targets.
On September 13, Ukraine announced that it had managed, for the first time, to shoot down an Iranian-made drone used by Russian forces.
The Ukrainian Ministry of Defense stated that it had shot down the "Shahed-136" plane in the Kharkiv region, in the northeast of the country, and the ministry published pictures of what appeared to be parts of a destroyed drone, and Reuters said that the tip of the wing matches the tip of the wing of the "Shahed-136".
In recent days, Western countries have intensified their statements and moves against the use of Iranian drones in the Ukrainian war, and diplomats said that there is a move by the United States, Britain and France in the UN Security Council to discuss the Russian army's use of drones in Ukraine that are believed to be Iranian-made.
However, the Iranian government has repeatedly denied providing the Russian army with drones, and the Kremlin said that it has no information about Russia's purchase of "suicide" drones from Iran.
Yesterday, Tuesday, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that these issues concern the Ministry of Defense, noting that his country uses Russian mechanisms and weapons bearing Russian designations during its special operation in Ukraine, as he put it.
Despite the Iranian and Russian denials, Ukraine has been constantly announcing the downing of Iranian drones on its soil, confirming in its latest statements that it has destroyed 223 Iranian-made drones since mid-September, and has also shown pictures of the drones that it asserts are Iranian and called on the world to put pressure on Tehran. To prevent it from continuing to supply its marches to Russia.
Assuming the validity of the Ukrainian and Western narrative regarding Iran's involvement in the Ukraine war, it is not known precisely their numbers or types, although the information circulated refers to some models such as "Shahed-136", "Muhajer-6" and others.
Iranian "Muhajir-6" (Al-Jazeera)
Which is stronger?
Bayraktar's name has shone in recent years, as it is the latest and most important trend of military industrialization in Turkey, after years of siege and Western stress on the Ottomans, to prevent them from military technology.
The status of the Turkish march was greatly strengthened after the Ukrainian forces used to hunt down convoys of Russian military vehicles, and in the face of the rain of flames thrown by Russian helicopters due to the Ukrainian response to the Snow Tsar's army, and since the first weeks of the war it managed to cause great damage to Russian armor, trucks and artillery.
The Iranian marches also showed - according to the Ukrainian version - great destructive power, especially with the clear Russian ground retreat in recent months and in light of Ukrainian progress on more than one front.
Although it is almost impossible to know the level of actual impact of any of the two countries' marches in the ongoing war, the rivalry between them seemed clear and some military analysts talked about it in statements to Agence France-Presse, as Vikram Mittal, a professor at the US Military Academy at West Point, points out that " The Mohajer-6 is similar in function and size to the Turkish Bayraktar TB-2.
The French researcher at the French Institute of International Relations, Jean-Christophe Noel, believes that the Mohajer-6 drones used in Ukraine "are the Russian response to the TB-2 drones used by Ukraine," referring to the well-known Turkish armed march that flies at medium altitude and has a great ability to attack. endurance.
March witnessed 136 Iranian (Al-Jazeera)
Regarding the effectiveness of the Iranian march, Noel asserts that "like all armed marches, it is very effective when the opponent does not have the means to protect himself from it or respond to it."
Mittal explained that "a large part of its success at the beginning is due to its being a new weapon in the theater of operations," noting that it "will remain effective until the Ukrainians are able to capture it, reveal its capabilities, and develop counter-systems for it."
As for the second Iranian march, "Shahed-136", which is a suicide march whose aim is to approach the target and detonate in front of it, Grasseh confirms that "its use saves Russia from resorting to intercontinental missiles, whose cost ranges between 1.5 and two million US dollars," but he points to a fundamental defect in it. It can only hit stationary targets.
Therefore, according to him, they do not pose a threat to the deployed forces, and therefore "the arrival of these marches should not change the course of the battle."
With regard to the general comparison between Iranian and Turkish drones, Marianne Renault, an expert in aircraft and drones, stated that "the top of the market is occupied by the United States and Israel," and added that "Turkish drones are in third place, superior to Iranian drones, which do not seem to be characterized by great accuracy," she said. .
Despite this, Noel points out that "Iran has customers for these marches in the Middle East" (referring to Tehran's allies in Yemen, Lebanon and Iraq), "but US sanctions greatly limit the number of those wishing to acquire similar weapons."
In turn, Reuters says - in a report - that the Turkish drones cannot match the models produced by the market leaders "Israel and the United States" in terms of technology, but they are characterized by being lower in price and export restrictions.
It quotes a Western military source as saying that the performance of these (Turkish) drones is better than the Chinese or Iranian drones that Russia has deployed in Ukraine.
However, the French newspaper "Liberation", and in a report by its correspondent from Istanbul, Anne-Souve Vivre, to Cadre, mentions that unlike the Israeli marches that were not used in very intense conflicts - as the correspondent says - the Turkish marches have proven their worth in severe conflicts in Ukraine, where they strike Russian convoys, and before that in Azerbaijan, Libya and others in recent years.
The correspondent adds that there is another major advantage of these marches compared to the American or Israeli ones.
It is that the Turkish authorities do not impose restrictions or previous conditions on those who request the acquisition of these aircraft.
The reporter quotes French consultant and researcher Emile Bouvier as saying, "The Turkish marches have become a major source of influence for Ankara, but also a source of soft power dedicated to increasing Turkey's diplomatic aura."
On the other hand, the Ukrainians talk about the devastating impact of the Iranian marches, as well as an escalating Israeli concern about them, fearing their impact in any future war between the two parties. Israeli newspapers are full of comments by military experts and their demands to take them seriously.
While Western military assessments continued to underestimate the value of Iranian drones and their expected impact on the course of the war, Westerners have returned in recent days to warning of their danger, and 3 countries, the United States, Britain and France, called on the UN Security Council to discuss the Russian army's use of drones in Ukraine believed to be Iranian. .
Commenting on these Western statements, the Iranian guide said that whoever used to say that the Iranian marches were fabricated images is now warning of their danger.
There is no doubt that the impact of the marches of the two countries on the battlefields in which they are involved has prompted a number of countries to request obtaining it.
The general manager of the Turkish "Bayraktar" company, which manufactures drones, Khalouk Bayraktar, revealed that his company had exported its "Bayraktar TB2" products to 24 countries, and the advisor to the Iranian guide for military affairs, Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi, stated that 22 countries want to buy Iranian drones. .
And between Turkish Bayraktar with multiple copies, and Shahid and an Iranian immigrant of a dynasty whose episodes reached the sixth, the Ukrainian sky is burning between the death stoners that were made by Muslim hands, and today it is contributing to drawing a map of the flame and the path of stampede between Russia and Ukraine in a war that completes its eighth month without being extinguished. Its birth is about fueling more waterfalls of traveler death in the eastern flank of Europe.