Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 7th

: Winning the Strategic Initiative through Persistence——A Review of China's Successful Battle of Epidemic Prevention and Control in the Past Three Years

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Chen Fang, Dong Ruifeng, Hu Zhe, Peng Yunjia

  This is an extremely difficult "epidemic" battle.

  In the past three years, my country has effectively dealt with more than 100 clusters of epidemics, and effectively protected the lives and health of more than 1.4 billion people during the most violent stage of the virus.

  In the past three years, the virus has become weaker, but we have become stronger.

With the acceleration of racing against time, we will improve the ability to deal with the epidemic test, and we will wait for the pathogenicity of the new coronavirus to decrease.

Adhere to research on border prevention and control, and closely track virus mutations. We have vaccines and drugs, improved treatment capabilities, strengthened epidemic prevention capabilities combined with peacetime and wartime, and improved health awareness and quality. This lays the foundation for further optimization and improvement of prevention and control measures. The foundation has been established and the conditions have been created.

  On November 10, 2022, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

The meeting emphasized that in accordance with the requirements of epidemic prevention, economic stability, and development security, epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development should be effectively coordinated to maximize the protection of people's lives and health, and minimize the impact of the epidemic on economic and social development. .

  We survived the most difficult times!

Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, we will make good use of our country's magic weapon to fight against the epidemic, and optimize and improve prevention and control measures according to the time and situation. Effectively deal with the uncertainty of the epidemic situation.

Put people's life safety and health first

  Putting people's life safety and health first is the primary consideration for my country's formulation of epidemic prevention and control policies, and it is also an important criterion for measuring the effectiveness of epidemic prevention and control.

  According to the latest data released by the World Health Organization, there are more than 641 million confirmed cases of new crowns worldwide, and more than 6.62 million deaths.

  China is currently the country with the lowest incidence of new coronary pneumonia and the lowest death toll among major countries in the world.

Although there is a large gap in per capita medical resources and medical technology compared with developed countries, the per capita life expectancy has risen steadily, reaching 77.93 years in 2020 and 78.2 years in 2021.

  The Party Central Committee is in charge of the overall situation and responds to extraordinary events with extraordinary measures——

  In 2020, when the epidemic struck, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core made a decisive decision: to close the passage from Han to Hubei and implement unprecedented strict control.

  The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China have held many meetings to study and make decisions, led the organization of the party, government, military and civilian studies, and the East-West-South-North General Assembly; established the Central Leading Group for Epidemic Response, dispatched the Central Steering Group, and established the State Council's joint prevention and control mechanism... …quickly launched the people's war, general war, and interdiction war for the prevention and control of the epidemic.

  It took China about three months to achieve decisive results in the defense of Wuhan and Hubei, effectively curbing the spread of the epidemic in a large area, and effectively changing the dangerous course of the virus's spread.

  In 2021, the epidemic caused by the Delta variant once spread to more than 20 provinces.

China quickly adopted prevention and control measures and effectively dealt with more than 30 clusters of epidemics.

  Entering 2022, mutant strains of Omicron are sweeping the world.

In March, the epidemic spread to most provinces in my country.

Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, the whole country has worked together and withstood another round of severe prevention and control tests.

  Taking advantage of the system, China has turned "impossible" into "certain" time and time again——

  To measure whether a country's system is superior, an important aspect is to see whether it can command all sides and organize all parties to jointly respond to major risks and challenges.

  At the beginning of the outbreak of the epidemic in 2020, medical workers wore armor in white, and the soldiers of the people moved immediately after hearing the order. Community workers, policemen, grassroots cadres and volunteers stepped forward and stood firm on the front line... The most elite forces rushed to the eye of the storm to help , the best quality resources are gathered in the decisive battle.

  In the autumn of 2021, an epidemic broke out in Ejina Banner, Inner Mongolia, a small city with "larger area than the province and smaller population than the county", stranded nearly 10,000 tourists.

Rapid flow adjustment, large-scale transshipment... the epidemic situation was initially controlled in about two weeks.

  In March 2022, the epidemic prevention and control in Jilin Province was in a critical period, and more than ten provinces formed medical teams to help...

  Tens of thousands of threads are twisted into one rope, firmly grasping the initiative to fight the "epidemic".

  From the treatment of patients to the investigation of the epidemic, from the resumption of work and production to scientific research, the majority of grassroots party organizations have charged forward, more than 4 million community workers across the country have persisted, and millions of ordinary people have devoted themselves to voluntary services... China has built mass defense A strong line of defense against group governance.

  The promise will never waver, and the concept of people first gathers the mighty power of unity——

  In Wuhan at the beginning of the epidemic, there was a shortage of beds, medical care, and equipment...the pressure was as heavy as a mountain.

In this life-saving rescue, more than 40,000 medical personnel resolutely rushed to the front line.

From infants who were only 30 hours old to elderly people over 100 years old, without giving up every patient, the overall cure rate reached 94%.

  The treatment expenses for patients with new coronary pneumonia admitted in a centralized manner are borne by the state, all people are vaccinated free of charge, and new crown treatment drugs are included in medical insurance...

  Let the people's life safety and health be protected to the maximum extent - this is China's choice in the face of the epidemic of the century.

Response to virus mutation and continuously improve scientific and precise prevention and control capabilities

  Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Omicron... The continuous emergence of mutant strains of the new coronavirus has made prevention and control extremely difficult.

  In the past three years, our country has withstood the impact of multiple rounds of global epidemics.

  "Insist on seeking answers and methods from science", "Science and technology are sharp weapons for human beings to fight against diseases", "integration of traditional Chinese and Western medicine, and the combination of Chinese and Western medicine"... China has always emphasized scientific and precise prevention and control.

  The virus is constantly changing, and the epidemic protection network is constantly improving——

  In the second half of 2021, the outbreak of the delta mutant strain will occur in multiple places in a short period of time.

Fully activate the emergency command system, set up a flow investigation expert team, quickly identify, investigate and control risk personnel, and minimize the impact of the epidemic on economic and social development.

  In March 2022, the outbreak of the Omicron mutant strain hit.

Don't engage in "flood irrigation", and the nucleic acid detection task will be completed within 24 hours; promote the "antigen screening, nucleic acid diagnosis" monitoring model, race against the virus, and take resolute and decisive measures.

  The key deployment highlights the long-term vision of fighting the "epidemic".

  Strengthen scientific and technological research and development of vaccines, rapid detection reagents, and drugs to make prevention and control work more targeted; launch the world's largest vaccination... The latest data shows that the complete vaccination rate of the new crown vaccine in my country exceeds 90%.

  Guarantee the supply of people's livelihood and solve the urgent problems and worries of the masses——

  The protection of people's livelihood under the epidemic has aroused thousands of concerns.

  The central government and various departments in various regions have launched major measures in a timely manner for protection, prevention and control, and to benefit the people's livelihood, from supporting enterprises to resume work and production, ensuring the supply of medical and living materials, to opening up the "last mile" of material distribution...China focuses on precise epidemic prevention with one hand, and with the other hand Grasp people's livelihood protection.

  The comprehensive group of the joint prevention and control mechanism of the State Council sent working groups to several provinces to guide the handling of the epidemic, and set up a special class for "increasing the scale" of rectification.

While taking solid measures to prevent the epidemic, strengthen analysis, research and judgment, prevent simplification and "one size fits all" prevention and control, and continuously improve the ability of scientific and precise prevention and control.

  Take small steps, don't stop, optimize and adjust prevention and control measures according to the time and situation——

  From 2020 to 2022, epidemic prevention and control has gone through different stages such as emergency containment of sudden outbreaks, exploration of normalized epidemic prevention and control, and all-round comprehensive prevention and control.

  To compete with the constantly mutating new coronavirus, the key lies in science and precision.

  In November 2022, on the basis of the ninth edition of the prevention and control plan, 20 optimization measures will be further improved.

Adjust the risk area into two categories: "high and low". The high-risk area is generally demarcated by unit and building; no longer judge close contact; cancel the fuse mechanism for inbound flights...

  Seek progress while maintaining stability, take small steps without stopping.

Every optimization and adjustment of the new crown pneumonia prevention and control plan and diagnosis and treatment plan has gone through repeated research and judgment, scientific demonstration, and has withstood the test of practice.

Strive to achieve maximum prevention and control effect with minimum cost

  Epidemic prevention and development are two ends of the balance, and they are extremely important.

  Only by striving to achieve the greatest effect of prevention and control at the least cost can we create fundamental conditions for the normal operation of the economy and society.

  On February 23, 2020, when the domestic epidemic prevention and control was critical, the central government held an important meeting to point out the direction for the overall promotion of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, which doubled the confidence of the whole country.

  Withstood the pressure of the epidemic, China won the battle against poverty and built a moderately prosperous society in all respects. The "14th Five-Year Plan" has achieved a good start and embarked on a new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country.

  From becoming the world's first major economy to achieve positive economic growth in 2020, the economic scale will exceed 110 trillion yuan in 2021, with an average growth rate of 5.1% in two years, and then in 2022, the economy will withstand the pressure and strive for stability... To answer the "additional test question" of coordinating epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, China has handed in an extraordinary answer sheet.

  The more the epidemic is delayed, the more it will test the ability of modern governance——

  For a period of time, my country's epidemic situation "broken defense" was all caused by overseas imports.

In view of the prevention and control difficulties such as many ports, long lines, and wide areas, relevant departments have explored "one port, one special class, one port, one countermeasure".

  Promote reform and improve the disease prevention and control system, establish a major epidemic prevention and treatment system that combines peacetime and wartime, and coordinate normalized precision prevention and control and emergency response... In the practice of fighting the epidemic, China not only attaches great importance to making up for weak points in safety, but also focuses on long-term protection network.

  The more risks and challenges there are, the more we must fight strategic initiative——

  Accelerate the construction of a large national unified market; reduce taxes and fees for individual industrial and commercial households by more than one trillion yuan in the past three years; a number of landmark major projects such as "East Counting and Western Calculation" have accumulated momentum for high-quality development; Shenzhou 15 carried The human spaceship explores the sky, and the steps towards high-level technological self-reliance and self-improvement are solid and powerful...

  Faced with the ensuing risks and challenges, it is very difficult for China to adopt scientific strategies to deal with them, and continue to implement the requirements of "preventing the epidemic, stabilizing the economy, and ensuring safe development".

  Actively recognize changes and respond to changes, and maintain China's confidence in fighting the epidemic——

  In the past three years, my country's medical and health care and disease control systems have withstood the test, and have stabilized the fundamentals of economic and social development to the greatest extent.

  In the battle against the new crown virus, China took the initiative to recognize changes and respond, and always put the safety and health of the people first.

Practice has fully proved that the guidelines and policies for epidemic prevention and control determined by the Party Central Committee are correct, scientific, and effective.

  With the weakening of the pathogenicity of Omicron virus, the popularization of vaccination, and the accumulation of experience in prevention and control, my country's epidemic prevention and control is facing new situations and new tasks.

  Adhere to research on side-by-side prevention and control, closely track virus mutations, strengthen effective drug research and development and storage, continuously enhance medical treatment capabilities, improve epidemic prevention capabilities combined with peacetime and wartime, and further improve health awareness and quality... Epidemic prevention and control is a systematic project. To promote the continuous optimization of prevention and control measures, we must be fully prepared.

  In the stormy waves of responding to the epidemic of the century, more than 1.4 billion Chinese people are on a big ship with a shared destiny.

By continuously improving the wisdom of scientific prevention and control, the strategy of overall planning, and the ability to organize and implement, we will win an all-round victory in dealing with the epidemic of the century.