“Prevention of myocardial infarction includes physical training, regular consumption of clean water, rational nutrition, giving up bad habits, a positive emotional attitude and periodic preventive visits to the doctor.

Drug prevention (only on the recommendation of a doctor) may include drugs that lower blood pressure, blood cholesterol levels, antiplatelet agents, drugs that reduce blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, ”the expert noted.

He also recalled that heart attack and stroke are two different diseases that occur due to blockage of blood vessels by blood clots that appear at the site of a growing atherosclerotic plaque.

Blood clots clog the lumen of the vessels, which disrupts blood circulation and the integrity of the vessels.

The main insidiousness of diseases such as heart attack and stroke, Duplyakov noted, lies in the fact that they can go unnoticed for a long time, since cholesterol accumulates in the vessels gradually and does not cause discomfort for a long time.

In addition, the doctor stressed that, contrary to popular belief, not only older people, but also young people and even children who have genetic diseases can face a heart attack and stroke.

“With age, the risk of vascular pathology undoubtedly increases, but we should not forget that due to socio-demographic, economic and environmental conditions, diseases are increasingly occurring in younger people.

There are also a number of rare genetic diseases associated with the pathology of the cardiovascular system that contribute to the occurrence of heart attack and stroke even in children, ”the expert noted, adding that young people who smoke, drink alcohol and drugs that are toxic to the body are most at risk.

Duplyakov also said that in general, risk factors for the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases can be divided into human-dependent and non-dependent.

Modifiable risk factors include: smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, stress, high blood pressure, cholesterol and blood glucose levels.

These factors are subject to correction.

Non-modifiable factors include: age, male gender, heredity.

“For the prevention of heart disease, it is necessary to regularly see a general practitioner and conduct a general and biochemical blood test with mandatory monitoring of cholesterol and glucose levels.

You need to start no later than 40 years old, and if your relatives had cases of early heart attacks or strokes (up to 50 years old), then even earlier - from 25-30 years old, ”Duplyakov concluded.

Every year on September 29, World Heart Day is celebrated.