Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, September 22, title: Firmly hold the initiative in food security - the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core leads the people to do this top priority
Xinhua News Agency reporter
On September 23, the autumn equinox, our country will usher in the fifth harvest festival for Chinese farmers.
Looking at the inside and outside of the Great Wall and the north and south of the big river, the rice waves are undulating with the wind, the corn is growing satisfactorily, and the fields are spreading the picture of a bumper harvest.
Food is stable and the world is safe.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out when he inspected food production in Sichuan this year: "We have the confidence and confidence to take the Chinese people's rice bowl firmly in our own hands." Against the background of this year's new crown pneumonia epidemic, Ukraine crisis, and frequent extreme weather, my country The yield of summer grains has increased, and autumn grains have overcome multiple challenges, and there is a foundation and hope for a bumper harvest.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has regarded food security as a top priority in the governance of the country, and has proposed a new concept of food security to ensure basic self-sufficiency in grains and absolute security of rations, and firmly grasp the initiative in food security. It has led hundreds of millions of people out of a road to food security with Chinese characteristics.
"Always Tighten the String of Food Security"
"Always Tighten the String of Food Security"
This year's food issue has attracted much attention.
The international grain price fluctuated at a high level, and the price of agricultural materials rose sharply; last year's autumn flood caused a third of my country's winter wheat to be sown late and the growth was complicated.
Whether the grain ballast stone can be stable or not is directly related to the economic fundamentals.
During the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that we should not be paralyzed on the issue of food security, and we should not think that when we enter industrialization, the problem of eating is optional, and we should not rely on the international market to solve it.
We must plan ahead, always tighten the string of food security, and always adhere to the principle of self-centeredness, based on the domestic market, ensuring production capacity, moderate imports, and scientific and technological support.
More than 1.4 billion people need to eat, which is the biggest national condition of China.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has attended the Central Rural Work Conference three times and delivered important speeches.
At the Central Rural Work Conference held in December 2013, General Secretary Xi Jinping explained five major issues around the "three rural" work, putting "ensure my country's food security" in the first place, emphasizing that "my country is a big country with a large population, and it is necessary to solve the problems well. The issue of food has always been the top priority in governing the country.”
At the Central Rural Work Conference held in December 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important arrangements around the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, emphasizing deepening the structural reform of the agricultural supply side and taking the road of promoting agriculture with quality.
At the Central Rural Work Conference held in December 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important arrangements for the "three rural" work in the new development stage.
In terms of firmly grasping the initiative in food security, the general secretary pointed out: "I have repeatedly emphasized that more and less food is a tactical issue, and food security is a strategic issue. In response to the new crown pneumonia epidemic this year, the abundant supply of food and important agricultural and sideline products is indispensable. No, it fully confirms this."
Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, from 2013 to 2022, 10 consecutive No. 1 documents of the CPC Central Committee have fully deployed the work of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", and a series of measures have been taken to focus on grain production and food security.
The root of food production is arable land, the lifeline is water conservancy, the way out is science and technology, and the driving force is policy.
In order to do a good job in grain production this year and implement the central government's decision-making and deployment, the central government has issued a total of 40 billion yuan of subsidy funds in three batches to alleviate the impact of increased expenditure on grain production caused by rising agricultural prices; agricultural science and technology service personnel are distributed to the fields to promote wheat production. Promote the weak to the strong; the departments of agriculture and rural areas, water conservancy, emergency response, meteorology and other departments strengthen consultation and early warning, and adapt to local conditions to fight drought and reduce disasters...
From spring to autumn, the output of summer grain has increased from last year's high base, and a bumper harvest of autumn grain is in sight, which has effectively tested my country's comprehensive grain production capacity and proved that my country has measures and capabilities to ensure stable and increased grain production.
Over the past 10 years, all localities and departments have strictly adhered to the red line of 1.8 billion mu of arable land, accelerated the construction of fertile land, improved water conservancy infrastructure, promoted the development of modern seed industry and agricultural mechanization, and established a guarantee mechanism to mobilize farmers and local governments to focus on agriculture.
Relevant departments have formulated supporting assessment methods for food security party and government co-responsibility regulations, and promote the main grain production areas, main sales areas, and production and sales balance areas to jointly shoulder the responsibility for food security.
All localities have deepened the structural reform of the agricultural supply side, and steadily pursued the road of promoting agriculture with quality and greenness.
In the past 10 years, my country's grain production capacity has reached a new level of 100 billion catties, and more and more green and high-quality grain products are placed on the dining table of the people.
In 2021, the grain output will be stable at more than 1.3 trillion kilograms for the seventh consecutive year, and the per capita grain possession will reach 483 kilograms, which is higher than the internationally recognized food safety line of 400 kilograms.
The national warehouse has been enriched, laying a solid foundation for economic and social stability and long-term development.
"Ensure that 1.8 billion mu of arable land deserves its name"
"Ensure that 1.8 billion mu of arable land deserves its name"
In the autumn of Songliao, the golden wind is refreshing, the harvest is in sight, and it is filled with the fragrance of the black earth.
In Quanyangou Village, Lishu Town, Lishu County, Jilin Province, the roadside "field chief system" public sign is tall and eye-catching, with clear content: from the county-level chief farmer to the township farmer to the village-level farmer, name, position, contact information , responsibilities, goals, at a glance.
Northeast China is one of the major black soil regions in the world.
In July 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping set foot on the black soil of Lishu County, and had a detailed conversation with agricultural experts in a corn field to gain an in-depth understanding of the "pear tree model" of black soil protection.
The general secretary said earnestly: "We must take effective measures to protect the black land, the 'giant panda in arable land', and leave it to future generations."
People take food as the sky, and food as the ground.
my country's arable land family is not rich, accounting for 9% of the world's arable land, to feed nearly 20% of the world's population, the tension between human and land is a basic national condition.
General Secretary Xi Jinping profoundly pointed out that the fundamental guarantee of national food security lies in arable land, and arable land is the lifeblood of food production.
Farmers can be non-agricultural, but cultivated land cannot be non-agricultural.
If all cultivated land becomes non-agricultural, there will be no household for us to rely on for food.
During the National Two Sessions this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping once again emphasized that the responsibilities of local party committees and governments at all levels for the protection of cultivated land should be fully consolidated. return.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, all localities have strictly implemented the requirements of the Party Central Committee and implemented the strictest cultivated land protection system, protecting cultivated land like giant pandas.
In August 2019, the 12th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress voted to revise the Land Management Law. "Permanent basic farmland" replaced the original "basic farmland", reflecting the concept of permanent protection.
In December last year, the Ministry of Natural Resources notified 100 criminal land violation cases involving 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. More than 160 natural persons including corporate representatives and investors were convicted and sentenced.
In the protection of cultivated land, it is necessary to keep the red line and improve the quality.
At the 2020 Central Rural Work Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that the construction of high-standard farmland is an important starting point.
This determination must be made, and the money that should be taken must be taken!
We must take the protection of black land as a major event, and make good use of black land.
The black soil region of Northeast my country is an important grain production base in China. The grain output accounts for about a quarter of the country's total. The rate of grain commodities is high.
In June this year, my country's first national-level black land protection law was born.
From the first trial to the approval of the third trial, the legislative practice of "Little Kuailing" only took half a year.
In addition to legislation for the protection of black land, all localities have also strengthened soil monitoring, established a "field chief system", adopted protective farming methods, increased the application of organic fertilizers, and took various measures to protect the large granaries.
At present, my country has basically formed a legal system for cultivated land protection with the Land Administration Law and its implementation regulations, land reclamation regulations, and basic farmland protection regulations as the core; the Civil Code and Criminal Law have clearly stipulated the protection of cultivated land; The law also emphasizes the protection of cultivated land.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of my country, by promoting the construction of high-standard farmland, China has built a large number of high-quality fertile fields with high yield and stable yield.
By the end of this year, a total of 1 billion mu of high-standard farmland will be built, and a stable grain production capacity of more than 1 trillion kilograms will be achieved.
"Grasp the Chinese seeds with your own hands"
"Grasp the Chinese seeds with your own hands"
Seeds are the "chips" of agriculture.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "The fundamental way to solve the problem of food is science and technology. The progress of my country's agricultural science and technology is obvious to all, but there are also shortcomings, the biggest of which is seeds. The security of seed sources is related to national security, and we must be determined to promote my country's seed industry. Going up, realize the self-reliance and self-improvement of seed industry science and technology, and the independent and controllable seed source."
Seeds are the foundation of agricultural modernization.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has emphasized that we should strengthen technical research on improved seeds and rely on Chinese seeds to ensure China's food security.
In April of this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited Hainan, and the first stop was the "brain" of the National Nanfan Scientific Research and Breeding Base - Sanya Yazhou Bay Seed Laboratory.
The general secretary said: "Only by grasping the seeds of China with one's own hands can we stabilize China's rice bowl and achieve food security."
As early as 4 years ago, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to the National Nanfan Scientific Research and Breeding Base, walked along the ridge into the "Super Excellent 1000" super rice display field, and listened to agricultural scientists talking about rice.
Hearing that the super hybrid rice varieties cultivated by Chinese researchers have repeatedly set the world's highest per-unit rice yield record, the general secretary was very happy and pointed out that "we must be determined to develop my country's seed industry, quickly cultivate excellent varieties with independent intellectual property rights, and ensure from the source. National Food Security".
At the Central Economic Work Conference in 2020, "solving the problem of seeds and arable land" was listed as one of the eight key tasks to be addressed in the beginning of the "14th Five-Year Plan".
The meeting proposed to strengthen the protection and utilization of germplasm resources and strengthen the construction of seed banks.
It is necessary to respect science, strictly supervise, and promote the industrial application of biological breeding in an orderly manner.
It is necessary to carry out technical breakthroughs in the "stuck neck" of seed sources, and we are determined to fight a turnaround in the seed industry.
In July 2021, the 20th meeting of the Central Deep Reform Commission reviewed and approved the "Seed Industry Revitalization Action Plan", raising the safety of seed sources to a strategic height related to national security.
In March 2022, the newly revised seed law came into effect.
A seed can change a world, a technology can create a miracle.
A series of major deployments by General Secretary Xi Jinping have pointed out the direction for the development of the seed industry.
The collection and protection of germplasm resources, the selection and breeding of breakthrough varieties, and the research and development of cutting-edge breeding technologies... all links have worked for a long time, and the development of my country's modern seed industry has achieved remarkable results, promoting more excellent varieties to go to the fertile fields.
Today, my country has formed a "national team" of seed industry bases with Hainan, Gansu, and Sichuan as the core, 96 large seed production counties and 120 regional bases as the backbone. Guaranteed ability increased to 75%.
New breakthroughs have been made in the selection and breeding of water-saving wheat and high-quality rice varieties, and the coverage rate of crop varieties has reached over 96%, ensuring that Chinese grains are mainly used in China.
While technology empowers the development of the seed industry, it also continues to make efforts in agricultural machinery and agronomy, agricultural technology promotion, etc., and continuously promote the implementation of the strategy of storing grain in the ground and storing grain in technology.
The newly built drainage ditches are open and smooth, and the fields are also equipped with small weather stations and soil moisture meters; farmers turn on their mobile phones and use the "cloud patrol field" to know whether their crops are short of water or fertilizer; You can find out where the grain you eat grows in Miaoqian Village... In Miaoqian Village, Wugou Town, Suixi County, Huaibei City, Anhui Province, a major national seed production county, thousands of acres of fertile fields are bred with new harvests.
In the past 10 years, the contribution rate of my country's agricultural science and technology progress has increased by 7 percentage points, exceeding 61%; the comprehensive mechanization rates of cultivation and harvesting of the three major grain crops, wheat, corn and rice, have exceeded 97%, 90% and 85% respectively... The rapid development of agricultural science and technology is powerful. The grain output has been guaranteed to be stable at more than 1.3 trillion kilograms year after year.
"Let grain farmers earn money and benefit"
"Let grain farmers earn money and benefit"
"I didn't expect it! The general secretary would give me a reply from an ordinary farmer!" On June 27 this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping replied to Xu Congxiang, a major grain grower in Taihe County, Anhui Province, which surprised and moved the local major grain grower. .
Eleven years ago, when Xi Jinping visited Zhang Huai Village, Jiuxian Town, Taihe County, he learned about wheat cultivation from Xu Congxiang and the villagers.
This summer, Xu Congxiang wrote a letter to General Secretary Xi Jinping, expressing his determination to continue to do a good job in agricultural R&D and promotion, and to encourage more farmers to grow more and better grains.
In his reply, the general secretary said that in recent years, the CPC Central Committee has introduced a series of policies and measures to support grain production, which is to make the Chinese people's rice bowl firmly in their own hands, that is, to allow grain farmers to earn money and get real benefits. Days get better.
A letter shows General Secretary Xi Jinping's deep concern for hundreds of millions of farmers and the great importance he attaches to food security.
To ensure the food security of more than 1.4 billion people, we must answer the question of who will farm the land.
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the 2013 Central Rural Work Conference: "I went to the countryside to investigate, and in many villages, I saw mostly the elderly and children, not many young people, and very few young and middle-aged men." "There are few successors in agriculture. The problem is serious, this is indeed not unfounded worry!"
At this meeting, the general secretary emphasized that "to develop grain production steadily, farmers must be able to grow grain profitably, and the main producing areas must be motivated to seize grain. In this regard, it is necessary to give play to the role of market mechanisms and strengthen government support. "How to achieve the simultaneous development of farmers' income and grain production? This is a key issue to be considered".
At the 2020 Central Rural Work Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that the major weakness of grain production is the high production cost. The solution is to innovate the way of operation. It is necessary to cultivate family farms and farmers' cooperatives, develop moderate-scale operations, and improve professionalism. A socialized service system should be implemented, and things that cannot be handled by a single household and that are not cost-effective are handed over to socialized service organizations.
Implementing the important instructions of General Secretary Xi Jinping, since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has issued a series of policies to strengthen and benefit farmers, steadily increase the minimum purchase price of rice and wheat, improve policies such as rice subsidies, corn and soybean producer subsidies, and promote the three major staple grains. Full cost insurance and planting income insurance have achieved full coverage of major grain-producing counties in major producing provinces, allowing farmers to make more and more profits from growing grain.
my country has stepped up efforts to support farmers' education and training, and built a coordinated development pattern of higher agricultural education, higher vocational education, and high-quality farmers' cultivation. Taking the cultivation plan as the starting point, the number of farmers trained each year has reached 1 million, and the overall quality of farmers has been significantly improved.
In recent years, various localities have innovated their business methods, cultivated family farms and farmer cooperatives, developed moderate-scale operations, accelerated the establishment of a socialized service system, introduced advanced and applicable varieties of technology, equipment and organizational forms to small farmers, and cultivated more than 950,000 agricultural socializations. Service organization, services have driven more than 78 million small farmers.
In order to provide farmers with "reassurance", the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China clearly stated that the second round of land contracts should be extended for another 30 years.
In 2014, the Central No. 1 document clarified the policy of "separation of three rights" of rural land ownership, contract rights and management rights, and proposed to stabilize the rural land contract relationship and maintain it for a long time; in December 2018, the seventh The meeting voted to pass the newly revised rural land contract law, and the "three rights separation" of rural land was incorporated into the law.
This major institutional innovation has laid a solid foundation for promoting the orderly transfer of land management rights, promoting the large-scale operation of grain in various forms and the development of agricultural modernization.
To ensure the food security of more than 1.4 billion people, it is necessary to mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers to grow grain, and to make food saving become common practice in the whole society.
General Secretary Xi Jinping has always attached great importance to saving food, and has made important instructions on the issue of food waste many times. He has repeatedly emphasized the need to stop food waste, promote the construction of a conservation-oriented society, and advocate the new trend of "practice conservation and opposing waste" in the whole society by example. .
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, all localities and departments have continuously increased their efforts to save money and achieved positive results.
In October 2021, the Central Office and the State Office issued the "Food Conservation Action Plan", which made it clear that by 2025, the grain saving and loss reduction measures in each link of the entire grain industry chain will be more hardened and detailed, and the promotion of grain saving and loss reduction will achieve more obvious results.
In all things, eating is the biggest.
In the golden autumn season, the fields of hope are filled with the breath of harvest.
Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, hundreds of millions of Chinese people will work hard and make unremitting efforts, and will surely be able to firmly hold the "big man" in food production and food security, and take the Chinese people's rice bowl firmly in their own hands. !
(Reporters Yu Wenjing, Wang Libin, Gao Jing, Hu Lu)