"Cloud" became an academician of popular science and became an "Internet celebrity"

  Academicians and "Internet celebrities" are two seemingly distant identities.

  Recently, a number of academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have become popular among young people because of their "cloud science popularization" through videos and live broadcasts on the Internet, and they have become new "Internet celebrities" in the field of science popularization.

  The vast world contains infinite mysteries.

"What are the secrets of biological evolution?" "Why can't the sea water extinguish the fire of the submarine volcano?"...In just five or six minutes of popular science video, the academicians explained each profound scientific question in an easy-to-understand and vivid way interesting.

Seeing the gray-haired academic seniors earnestly answering the questions of netizens, while kindly saying "Hello children" and "Please criticize and correct", thousands of teenagers are deeply attracted, and they are in the barrage. Sigh: This is the first time I feel that I am so close to science, very inspirational!

I ignited my scientific dreams and innovative ambitions.

  Why are academicians willing to embrace the Internet and start "cloud science" in the spare time of their busy scientific research work?

Besides passing on knowledge, what else do they want to say to younger audiences?

  Recently, this reporter interviewed three academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences who opened popular science video accounts, and let us hear their stories.

  Liu Jiaqi, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and researcher of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences——

  "Every intellectual should do some popular science work"

  On the morning of the reporter's interview, Liu Jiaqi, who was over eighty years old, was planning to record a popular science video.

Early in the morning, Liu Jiaqi came to his office at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  Along with the reporter, there were two young students, with cameras, tripods, microphones and other equipment, ready to take advantage of the gap after the interview to record several popular science videos for Liu Jiaqi.

  The recordings on this day include "Why do we explore the North and South Pole" and "Why the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is called the Third Pole".

In the camera, Liu Jiaqi with gray hair, wearing his iconic white shirt, greeted the audience with a smile: "Hello, kids! I'm here to communicate with you."

  Every time, as soon as Liu Jiaqi's video goes online, netizens will respond neatly in the barrage, "Hello grandpa!" "Hello teacher!" In a harmonious and happy atmosphere, a few minutes of "cloud science" begins .

  Less than a year after becoming a popular science UP master (video uploader), Liu Jiaqi already has nearly 300,000 fans.

"Young people are willing to use the fragmented time to learn some scientific knowledge, and popular science content is popular, which is a good phenomenon."

  Liu Jiaqi told reporters that he has been engaged in earth science research for decades. He has traveled all over China's mountains, rivers and rivers, and has visited many inaccessible places to explore unknown geological relics and geological phenomena.

"I am very willing to share this knowledge with more people in the form of popular science. In fact, the popularization of science is as important as technological innovation. The purpose of our scientific research is to promote social development, and the other is to improve the scientific quality of citizens. How to let the public understand science, use science, and have a scientific spirit? This is inseparable from popular science work.”

  Over the years, Liu Jiaqi has made popular science reports all over the country.

Now, with the new form of "Cloud Science", he is naturally very happy.

"Science popularization should be open to the public, of course, the wider the dissemination, the better. The method of video popularization is not limited by time and place. Now I can speak anywhere, and everyone can listen to it anywhere. Such a form of innovation is necessary. "

  Because volcanoes around the world have been introduced in many videos, many netizens like to call Liu Jiaqi "Academician of Volcanoes".

"Actually, apart from volcanoes, earth science has a wide range of contents. It can be said that it is closely related to the survival of human beings. It is a knowledge of 'feeding all human beings'." Liu Jiaqi introduced to the reporter in detail that the various substances we use and the Similar energy resources, the surrounding climate and environment, and the geological disasters encountered are almost all related to earth science.

"So I want to tell more young netizens the importance of this science through popular science videos."

  In addition to influencing the public, Liu Jiaqi also hopes that his "Cloud Science Popularization" will lead more scientific researchers to participate in this work.

  "For me, doing science popularization is an obligatory social responsibility." Liu Jiaqi told reporters that he experienced the loss of his father and family difficulties when he was a child. It is difficult to be a useful person to society. I have always been grateful for this. Other researchers may have different growth experiences, but everyone is not 'born to know', and must be 'learned to know'. In the process of developing your business, you will always get support from all parties in the society. Therefore, after you have mastered a little knowledge and acquired some abilities, it is natural to give back to the society. Knowledge cannot be selfish. From this perspective, every Every intellectual should do some popular science work.”

  Shu Deqian, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Director of the Early Life Research Institute of Northwestern University——

  "Scientific research and popular science should 'fly together'"

  Shu Degan, 76, is an expert in evolutionary paleontology.

Now, he has been given a new title by netizens on the Internet - "Heavyweight Treasure UP Master".

  In a popular science video themed "Where do we come from", Shu Degan stood in front of the filing cabinet and took out the Kunming fish fossil known as "the best fish in the world", explaining biological evolution to the audience and humorously. He added: "This thing is a super national treasure. I usually lock it in a safe!" Netizens exclaimed in the barrage, "It's too precious" and "It turns out that if you learn knowledge, you can see the national treasure for free."

  Some people think that academicians are "overqualified for science popularization".

Isn't it easy for people who can master the most cutting-edge knowledge in this field to explain some fur to the public?

  But Shu Degan said that doing a good job in popular science is not easy.

In order to explain the "unpopular subject" of paleontology "down to earth", he really spent a lot of effort.

  The complex process of biological evolution is not intuitive enough to be said, so make a lot of pictures to show the audience.

In order to allow audiences with different knowledge bases to "get what they need", Shu Degan will record videos of various lengths, including "short videos" for ordinary audiences and "long videos" for professional students.

The topics taught are also carefully selected, some introduce the ups and downs of the evolution of ancient life, some tell the stories of Darwin, Newton, Mendel and other scientists, and some share their personal experiences in their academic careers.

  His efforts in "deciphering in simple language" made Shu Degan's popular science popular.

He gave an example: "Once, I asked a nine-year-old who had watched my popular science content, 'How much can you understand?' She replied, 'I understand 80 percent.'"

  Although he is a senior academically and an elder in terms of age, Shu Deqian is used to saying "please criticize and correct" at the end of his popular science videos.

He also likes to collect feedback from audiences through barrage.

"There are some insightful comments in the messages, including encouragement and well-meaning criticism, and some netizens will ridicule my 'Hubei dialect Mandarin', which is very interesting. This kind of timely interaction is a major advantage of online science popularization."

  Since opening his video account at the end of June, Shu Deqian has uploaded 15 popular science videos.

In August, he even updated twice a week.

In addition to the busy scientific research work, is it worth spending so much energy on popular science?

  Shu Deqian's answer was "sweet and sweet".

In his view, disseminating many important new discoveries of evolutionary paleontology through popular science and sharing scientific ideas with the public is a "beautiful thing that is not only conducive to social development and scientific progress, but also enriches the cultural life of the public and improves the scientific literacy of the whole people." ".

  "From the perspective of my own work, scientific research and popular science should 'fly together'." Shu Degan told reporters with emotion: "I have done some work in scientific research, and now that I am older, I feel that the most important thing is We must pass on the 'academic gene' and build an academic echelon that can develop sustainably. As for popular science work, I want to make the way for the advent of various excellent popular science works."

  For the audience who watched his popular science videos, Shu Deqian also had some expectations.

"In addition to wanting everyone to acquire some interesting knowledge of evolutionary paleontology in the process of listening to the story, I also hope to give young people some ideological inspiration and cultivate the good habit of using their brains. Learning is not just about watching easily and happily" Lively', we should understand the 'doorway', and it is best to have the spirit of questioning. Only such young people can create new knowledge and new ideas in future practice."

  Pu Muming, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and academic director of the Center for Excellence in Brain Science and Intelligent Technology Innovation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences——

  "My role in popular science is like a tour guide"

  "Hello classmates, my name is Pu Muming. For the past forty or fifty years, I have taught neuroscience..."

  Academician Pu Muming, who was over old, sat in front of a row of bookshelves and spoke his opening remarks in a loud voice.

This is the first popular science video he released in June this year, with the theme "Can the brain be transplanted?"

More than two months later, the video has been viewed more than 300,000 times on the Bilibili website, and netizens' barrage covers almost the entire screen.

  "Brain science is a very interesting subject, and everyone is very interested in 'how the brain thinks' and 'how memory is formed'." Pu Muming is very proud of his researched major for many years.

He told reporters that there are not only unsolved frontier puzzles, but also a lot of interesting knowledge suitable for popularizing science to the public. Therefore, he has been doing science popularization work for many years.

  "Now that the Internet is more and more developed, it is of course better to reach more audiences through video science popularization. But I also found that some 'Internet celebrities' in the name of 'popular science' speak specious and exaggerated content." As a rigorous scientist, Pu Muming has always opposed grandstanding "pseudo popular science" on the Internet, which also prompted him to make up his mind to do a good job in online popular science, so that correct scientific knowledge can reach more netizens.

He believes that researchers should be accurate and clear when disseminating scientific results.

"Inaccurate content will mislead the public's cognition of scientific achievements and cause society's distrust of scientists and science."

  The graduate students guided by Pu Muming are particularly supportive of the teacher's idea of ​​"cloud science popularization".

A student who is familiar with video production took the initiative to take on the work of filming and editing.

He told reporters that Mr. Pu will agree on the topic of the lecture with everyone. "The content of the recording will be cut into 3 episodes when we come back, and the duration of each video is guaranteed to be within 8 minutes."

  The topic selection that suits the tastes of young people, the video rhythm that conforms to online viewing habits, coupled with academician-level explanations, combined with powerful combination, makes the science of brain science, which sounds "high and high", easy to understand. stand up.

  Of course, no matter how the form of communication changes, Pu Muming's popular science still adheres to the core concept of his research - "seeking truth from facts".

"Really good popular science should not only tell everyone what is currently known, but also make it clear what is unknown. We cannot exaggerate scientific achievements in order to attract audiences. We must let the public understand that in the frontier fields of science, There are still many mysterious and unsolved problems waiting to be explored." Pu Muming made an analogy: "My role in popular science is like a tour guide, and I hope that through my own explanations, I can arouse the curiosity of netizens about science. "

  In addition to conveying correct scientific knowledge and arousing the curiosity of the audience, Pu Muming also wants to let the audience gain a "scientific attitude" through his videos.

He told reporters: "Science is not only knowledge, but also a way of thinking. A person with scientific thinking has the ability to scientifically judge various matters, to seek evidence based on facts, and to make his own judgments from the evidence. "

  Pu Muming believes that knowledge itself will be constantly updated and changed, but scientific thinking can be consistent.

"If there are young netizens who can establish scientific thinking and become a 'scientific person' after watching the video, then this will be the greatest success of my popular science work."

  Reporter: Li Zhen