Ahead of Arab countries experiencing armed conflicts, civil wars and economic collapses, Egypt topped the ranking of Arab countries in suicide rates during 2016, as nearly 3,800 people committed suicide in that year alone, followed by Sudan with 3,205 suicides, then Yemen with 2,335 cases suicide.
According to a report issued by the World Health Organization, in the same year, 26,000 suicides were reported in the Middle East and North Africa, which means 4.8 suicides for every 100,000 deaths, meaning that out of every 100,000 people who die, nearly five people die. Their souls are in their hands.
The matter was not much different in the rest of the Arab countries, as Algeria came in fourth place with approximately 1,300 suicides, then Iraq with 1,128 suicides.
And if you are starting to link the unstable political situation with the rise in suicides in the Arab countries, you have to rethink again when you know that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia came in fifth place with 1,035 suicides in 2016 alone, followed by the Kingdom of Morocco with 1,014 suicides.
The next video from "
" presents the total number of suicides in the Arab countries from 1990 to 2019, where we see how the cumulative total of suicides in the Arab countries has evolved, and while Egypt has been at the fore for nearly twenty years, Morocco ranked second, followed by them Iraq, Algeria and Sudan.
As for the reasons for this huge rise in suicides in the Arab countries, a study published by the University of California in 2020 concluded that mental disorders are an influencing factor in suicide motives.
However, the term "mental disorders" may fail to explain the extent of psychological, economic and social pressures faced by Arab peoples, especially young people.
In Iraq, for example, a study conducted in the emergency department of a university hospital in Karbala recorded that 113 patients self-harmed through suicide, most of whom were young people.
In Syria, Save the Children warned in 2020 that the number of children attempting or committing suicide in northwestern Syria rose sharply during 2019, showing that one in five recorded suicides was carried out by adolescents.
The charity reported that deaths due to suicide increased by 86% in the last three months of 2020, compared to the first three months of 2019, according to what was published by the newspaper "Middle East Eye".
In Lebanon, 3 studies issued in Lebanon revealed that most suicides are females between the ages of 22-49 years, as most of them were unemployed, unmarried and living with their families.
Similarly, we find high rates of female suicide in Morocco, especially among adolescent girls, the most common cause being family disputes.
The situation was also repeated in Saudi Arabia, where the World Health Organization said that one third of suicides were among females between the ages of 12-35 years.
While the real motives for suicide remain a vague mixture of psychological, social, economic and even familial pressures, this places families, societies and political systems with a greater role in trying to alleviate these pressures and stop the bleeding of lives.
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