People's Liberation Army Daily reporters Gao Liying and Wang Lingshuo reported: On July 12, Liu Yang, a crew member of Shenzhou 14, spent another normal day at the Chinese Space Station.
10 years ago, Liu Yang took the Shenzhou 9 manned spacecraft to fly for the first time, and worked and lived in the "Tiangong-1" for 13 days.
From Shenzhou 9 to Shenzhou 14, from short-term stay to "business trip" for half a year, the 10-year change of Liu Yang's space journey condenses the vigorous development of China's aerospace industry.
President Xi pointed out that building a strong aerospace country is our unremitting pursuit of the aerospace dream.
In the past 10 years, China's aerospace industry has developed by leaps and bounds, from a aerospace power to a aerospace power, demonstrating the extraordinary "China speed".
10 years ago, Chinese astronauts were still far away from realizing long-term residency in space; 10 years later, we will build an independently built and operated Chinese space station, a national space laboratory, and serve the world and benefit the whole world in the "space home". Humanity.
The starry sky in the summer night, the shining "Heavenly Palace" keeps walking.
In his spare time, Liu Yang looked at the motherland through the porthole of Tianhe's core cabin.
For more than a month, the "busiest space travel trio" has successfully completed a number of tasks such as environment setting, material arrangement, in-cabin maintenance, scientific experiments, etc., to prepare for the follow-up robotic arm operation, out-of-vehicle activities, and module transfer. Prepare.
In 2022, the number of launches in China's space program will reach "60+"!
The unprecedented dense rhythm has amazed the world: China's aerospace industry has ushered in another "super space year".
In the past 10 years, the continuously upgraded "acceleration timeline" on the rocket launch station has shown the world the "visible Chinese speed" of China Aerospace——
With the sound of "ignition", the Long March rockets carried the Chinese nation's flying dream and pierced the sky again and again.
In recent years, China's manned space launch has shown the characteristics of high density, normalization and diversification.
In August 2021, China Aerospace successfully launched twice within 5 hours, sending 4 satellites into predetermined orbits, setting the record for the shortest launch interval; in December 2021, Xichang Satellite Launch Center Xichang Launch Site No. 2 completed the 100th station 22 years for the first 50 launches, and just over 9 years for the second 50.
In the past 10 years, China Aerospace has embarked on a unique path of innovation and development.
This transcript, condensed in President Xi's New Year's message——
In 2015, the dark matter detection satellite was launched; in 2016, the "Wukong" had been in orbit for a year, the "Mozi" flew into space, and the Shenzhou 11 and Tiangong 2 traveled to Xinghan; in 2017, the "wisdom eye" Satellites travel in space; in 2018, the Chang'e-4 probe was successfully launched, and Beidou Navigation took a solid step towards global networking; in 2019, the Chang'e-4 landed on the back of the moon for the first time in human history, and the Long March-5 Yaosan carrier rocket Successful launch; in 2020, major breakthroughs will be made in scientific exploration such as "Tianwen-1" and "Chang'e-5"; Astronauts "travel" in the vast space...
A few days ago, the Long March 5B Yaosan carrier rocket has been on standby at the Wenchang space launch site and will be sent to the Wentian experimental module for the Chinese space station.
The Long March 5 series of rockets have boosted China's manned spaceflight into the "space station stage" and also helped China's aerospace industry enter the "deep space exploration era".
"Tianwen" probes the fire and crosses the stars.
On June 29, the "Tianwen-1" mission orbiter flew normally for 706 days, successfully completing the established scientific exploration mission.
In 2021, the Tianwen-1 probe launched by the Long March 5 carrier rocket landed on Mars, taking an important step in my country's interstellar exploration journey, realizing the leap from the Earth-Moon system to the interplanetary system, leaving China on Mars for the first time Human imprint.
"Chang'e" flew to the moon and flew to the sky to realize her dream.
Chang'e-1 captured the topographic and topographic data of the moon and produced my country's first full-moon image map. Chang'e-2 realized the first leap detection of asteroids in my country, Chang'e-3 realized the dream of "falling on the moon", and Chang'e-4 realized the first time for mankind The soft landing on the far side of the moon marks the first time that Chang'e 5 has returned samples of extraterrestrial celestial bodies in my country.
In more than 10 years, China's lunar exploration "Chang'e" project has completed a three-step plan of "circling, landing, and returning".
China's "Beidou" shines in the world.
In June 2020, the Beidou global satellite navigation system constellation network was successfully completed.
Several generations of Beidou people have worked hard, and hundreds of thousands of builders have worked together to build a giant and complex aerospace system that has the largest scale, the widest coverage, the highest service performance, and the most closely related to people's lives so far in my country.
China's Beidou has become my country's first major space infrastructure to provide public services to the world, and it is also an important milestone for my country to climb the peak of science and technology and become a space power.
On July 13, the Xichang Satellite Launch Center ushered in the 426th flight of the Long March series of carrier rockets.
The Red Army's Long March came out step by step, and the "Chinese speed" of China Aerospace also came out step by step.
Behind the amazing "China speed" is the vigorous young force of China's aerospace industry.
From scientific research institutes to production enterprises, from the space launch pad deep in the mountains to the Yuanwang survey ship in the vast ocean, the dream-seeking figures who are working hard day and night to devote themselves to scientific research and innovation outline the struggles of Chinese astronauts in the new era. trajectory.
Self-reliance and independent innovation
Self-reliance and independent innovation
- Gao Liying
The foundation of the struggle of the Chinese nation is self-reliance, and the only way to climb the world's scientific and technological peak is independent innovation.
A history of the development of China's aerospace industry is the entrepreneurial history of self-reliance and independent innovation of astronauts.
The wisdom of a nation and the creativity of a country require iconic results to prove.
"Shenzhou" flew to the sky, "Chang'e" flew to the moon, "Mozi" sent letters, "Tianwen" probed the fire, and "Heavenly Palace" was completed... Over the past 10 years, China Aerospace has demonstrated to the world with practical actions that the Chinese nation is fully capable of relying on independence. Innovation, occupy a place in the world's high-tech field.
"The core technology cannot be obtained by alms, and must rely on self-reliance." President Xi's sonorous words inspired Chinese astronauts to walk more firmly and confidently on the road of independent innovation.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, and with the strong support of the people across the country, China's aerospace industry has continued to climb to new heights, and the vast universe has ushered in more and more "China Miracles". ", witnessing the ever-faster "China Speed", has added confidence and motivation for us to unswervingly follow the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics and accelerate the construction of a strong country in science and technology and a strong aerospace country.
Building a dream in space is a long way to go.
In the future, China's aerospace industry will face more arduous and arduous tasks, and the challenges it faces will become more severe and complex. Only by vigorously promoting the Chinese aerospace spirit represented by the spirit of "two bombs and one satellite", the spirit of manned spaceflight, the spirit of lunar exploration, and the spirit of Beidou in the new era, Only by solidly advancing major technological innovations and independent innovations can we make steady progress and achieve the leap from a space power to a space power.