In the past June, extreme high temperature weather set monthly and historical high temperature records in many countries in Europe, Asia, North America, and even in the near-Arctic region of Russia.
Scientists pointed out that this increasingly severe, frequent and persistent high temperature weather is a clear manifestation of human-caused global climate change.
High temperature in June
High temperature in June
Countries such as Japan, Italy, Norway, Iran and Finland recorded record high temperatures in June -- all before July, the normally hottest month of summer in the northern hemisphere, according to US news site Axios.
In Asia, 16% of Japan experienced its hottest June day on record on June 25, with a high temperature of 40°C for the first time in June.
According to Kyodo News, the Fire Department of Japan's Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications said that a total of 15,657 people in Japan were sent to the hospital due to heat stroke in June.
This is the first time in 12 years that more than 10,000 people have been hospitalized for heat stroke in Japan.
The Japanese government has continued to issue a "power supply shortage alert" since June 27, urging companies, households and government departments within the power supply range of Tokyo Electric Power Company to reduce electricity consumption, use air conditioners "appropriately", and turn off unnecessary lights to save electricity. and energy.
In China, the high temperature in June has also repeatedly set records.
Sun Shao, an associate researcher at the National Climate Center of China, told The Paper (www.thepaper.cn) that the national average temperature in June was 21.3°C, 0.9°C higher than the annual average temperature, ranking first in history since 1961.
In June, a total of 224 weather stations across the country experienced extreme high temperature events. Among them, Hebei Lingshou, Gaocheng and other places experienced extreme high temperatures above 44°C on June 25.
"This situation is the most in my career at least. Where the historical extreme value is exceeded, it can definitely be considered that an extreme high temperature event has occurred. Under the background of global warming, such extreme high temperature events will definitely become more and more frequent. The more." Sun Shao said.
In Western Europe, the number of heatwaves has also increased sharply, and studies have shown that the growth rate of extreme heat in Western Europe is three to four times that of the rest of the Northern Hemisphere.
From June 18th to 20th, as many as 70 provinces in France issued high temperature warnings, and high temperature records were broken in many places.
The temperature in Biarritz, a city in the Pyrenees province of southwestern France, recorded 42.9°C at 4 pm, breaking the local record of 40.6°C in August 2003.
Spain's National Meteorological Service said that after having experienced the hottest May in at least 100 years, Spain ushered in an "abnormal" high temperature in early June. Western Asia even reached as high as 43°C.
At least seven people were killed and 20 were missing from a deadly glacial avalanche in Italy's Dolomites last week, which saw the highest monthly and record temperatures from Italy.
Even Norilsk, Russia, which is only 400 kilometers from the Arctic Circle, ushered in the hottest day in June on the 23rd, when the temperature reached 32 ℃.
In North America, on June 13, more than 125 million people were under heat warnings in most of the central and eastern states of the United States, and the cities of Columbia, North Platte and St. Louis all set record high temperatures.
The high temperature continued in Kansas, the United States, with the local temperature reaching about 42 °C, and at least 2,000 cattle died due to the high temperature.
The continuous high temperature weather has made the local livestock breeding industry face a severe test.
Climate change is the cause
Climate change is the cause
After entering July, the momentum of high temperature has not diminished at all.
As of July 3, Tokyo has experienced high temperatures above 35°C for nine consecutive days, setting a record for consecutive days of high temperature since the beginning of meteorological records in 1875.
On July 6, the temperature of 22 weather stations in China exceeded the historical extreme.
The northwestern city of Zhangye hit a record high of 40.3°C, breaking the record of 39.8°C on July 14, 2001.
Some research into the causes of past extreme heat, such as the deadly Pacific Northwest heat event last June, has determined that these extreme heat waves are "almost impossible" without climate change.
Maximiliano Herrera, a Spanish climatologist and weather historian who specializes in extreme weather statistics, told The Paper that between 2021 and 2022 we will see many extreme weather events, which may be affected by La Niña caused by the movement of air jets.
The World Meteorological Organization further states that all naturally occurring climate events now occur in the context of human-induced climate change, which has increased global temperatures, exacerbated extreme weather and climate, and affected seasonal rainfall and temperature mode.
Extreme weather events are sweeping across different parts of the world.
Heat isn't the only extreme weather event, with deadly glacial avalanches in Italy, massive flooding in Sydney since March and wildfires in Alaska all linked to human-caused global warming.
Humanity is paying a higher and higher price for this.Keywords: