Typhoon "Siamba" strikes, and many places and departments move against the "wind"——

  Go all out to build a safety line for flood control and typhoon prevention

  Our reporter Liu Leyi "People's Daily Overseas Edition" (Page 05 on July 06, 2022)

  On the morning of June 30, typhoon "Siamba" (the name comes from Thailand, which means tropical flower) appeared over the sea in the central and eastern part of the South China Sea.

This is the third typhoon this year and the first typhoon to land in China this year.

  "Generally, we refer to local typhoons generated in the South China Sea as 'earth typhoons'." Qian Qifeng, chief of the Central Meteorological Observatory's Typhoon and Marine Meteorological Prediction Center, said that Siamba is a typical "earth typhoon" with an asymmetric structure. , moving slowly and affecting a long time.

  Under the blessing of the monsoon rain belt, "Siamba" has had an impact on heavy rainfall in many places in South China, Jiangnan, North China, and the precipitation in some areas has hit historical extremes, triggering multiple tornadoes.

  Move against the "wind".

The National General Administration of Defense launched a level III emergency response for flood control and typhoon control; the Central Meteorological Observatory issued an orange typhoon warning; Guangdong and Hainan suspended classes, flights, and operations in many places... Many places and departments deployed preventive responses as soon as possible.

  Speed ​​of prevention and response

  Prevention work is urgent.

  On June 30, the day "Siamba" appeared in the South China Sea, the China Meteorological Administration launched a typhoon level four emergency response, and at 11:00 the next day, the emergency response was upgraded to level three.

  On July 1st, the National Defense Office and the Ministry of Emergency Management organized a flood control and typhoon control conference, discussed with the China Meteorological Administration, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Natural Resources, and the Ministry of Transport. Video connections were made to Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan and other places. , research and deploy prevention and response work.

  On July 1, the Central Meteorological Observatory issued an orange typhoon warning.

  It's here at 15:00 on July 2!

"Siamba" landed on the coast of Maoming, Guangdong, and the maximum wind force near the center was 12 when it landed.

Affected by the No. 4 typhoon "Avery", there is uncertainty in the rainfall intensity of "Siamba", and the situation of flood control and typhoon prevention is severe.

  On the 2nd, the National Defense General Administration and the Ministry of Emergency Management continued to organize a special video conference on typhoon prevention and scheduling, and raised the emergency response to flood and typhoon prevention to level three.

The consultation emphasized that it is necessary to closely monitor the development and changes of typhoons, and to carry out rolling forecasts of moving paths, wind strength, landing sites, impact areas, storm surge, rainfall intensity, and river water conditions.

Based on the prevention of strong winds, huge waves, and heavy rains, we must effectively strengthen the main responsibility of local flood control and typhoon prevention, and responsible persons at all levels must go deep into the front line of defense and command the response from the front.

  The Ministry of Water Resources maintained a flood defense level IV emergency response, and issued a notice to relevant regions to deploy heavy rainfall defense work. Three working groups continued to be in Guangdong, Guangxi, and Hainan, and an additional working group was sent to Hunan to assist and guide local governments to carry out typhoon and heavy rainfall defense. Work.

  The Yangtze River Water Conservancy Committee of the Ministry of Water Resources discussed and judged the trend of "Siamba" and the development of rainwater in the basin, and guided Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou and other provinces to do a good job in rainstorm and flood defense.

  place in action.

In order to cope with the possible adverse effects of "Siamba", the governments of many places have accelerated the response, strengthened the linkage, and went all out to do a good job in preventing typhoon and floods.

  "Siamba" went north all the way from the South China Sea and first affected Hainan.

  On June 30, Hainan Province held a video deployment meeting for the defense of "Siamba", requiring to strengthen the re-investigation of hidden dangers, and to focus on the investigation and rectification of hidden dangers of marine wind protection and heavy rainfall.

  On July 1, the Hainan Provincial Three Defense Office organized a meeting of the provincial meteorological, capital, agricultural and rural monitoring and forecasting departments to analyze the development trend of "Siamba", study and judge the disaster risks it brings, and put forward defense suggestions; on the same day , Hainan Maritime Safety Administration comprehensively researched and judged according to the typhoon track forecast and future development and changes, and urged more than 2,000 ships in the port to implement various typhoon prevention measures in accordance with the requirements of the plan.

  In Guangdong, the Provincial Three Defense Office and the Provincial Emergency Management Department took the lead in investigating and dispatching two joint working groups to inspect and guide defense work in Jiangmen, Yangjiang, Zhanjiang and other places.

The Provincial Marine Comprehensive Law Enforcement Corps organized all 2,730 fishing boats operating without rest at sea in the province to return to the port to avoid danger, and 7,062 fishing rafts and aquaculture personnel went ashore to avoid danger.

The Provincial Department of Water Resources has allocated 35 million yuan of provincial-level water conservancy emergency and disaster relief funds to support the restoration of flood-damaged water conservancy facilities in the disaster-stricken areas.

  At 9:00 a.m. on July 2, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Meteorological Bureau upgraded the emergency response to Level 2, and the Autonomous Region Meteorological Observatory updated and issued an orange typhoon warning and an orange rainstorm warning.

In the afternoon of that day, the Autonomous Region Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters organized a video conference and scheduling meeting for typhoon defense work, requiring all departments at all levels to be highly vigilant and quickly enter the emergency state of typhoon defense; pay close attention, strengthen monitoring, forecasting, early warning and consultation and judgment; highlight key points and strictly implement Risk avoidance management measures; careful deployment, do a good job in the prevention of heavy rainfall and secondary disasters; cooperate closely and make various emergency preparations for emergency rescue and disaster relief in advance.

  In view of the further weakening of the intensity of "Siamba" in northeastern Guangxi, it is difficult to determine its circulation center, and the Central Meteorological Observatory stopped numbering it at 8:00 on July 4.

Affected by its residual circulation, in the next few days, China will have a heavy rainfall process from south to north, mainly affecting Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Henan, Shandong, Liaoning and other places, with heavy rain and strong convective weather in some areas.

  The reporter learned that as of July 4, the three working groups sent by the National Defense Office continued to assist and guide flood control work in Guangdong, Guangxi, and Liaoning, and the two working groups sent by the Pearl River Commission of the Ministry of Water Resources were still assisting and guiding flood control in Guangxi and Guangdong. local defense work.

  Scientific early warning with precision

  The wind has not yet arrived, people know it.

  The reporter learned from the China Meteorological Administration that in the early days of the formation of "Siamba", Fengyun meteorological satellite monitoring showed that the overall structure of the typhoon was asymmetrical, and the path was complex and changeable, which caused forecasters to be highly vigilant.

The Central Meteorological Observatory has encrypted connections with the meteorological departments of Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi and other places for special consultations.

  The densely woven meteorological monitoring network provides a "full view" of the intensity changes and trajectory of "Siamba".

  According to reports, the National Satellite Meteorological Center of the China Meteorological Administration has launched a variety of quantitative products based on the "Fengyun Earth" business platform, and commercialized products such as the integrated analysis of typhoon high and low-level wind fields.

The three-dimensional products such as the wind flow field developed by the Meteorological Observation Center of the China Meteorological Administration can depict the development of the core area of ​​the typhoon in a three-dimensional manner, and provide a more intuitive display of the evolution of the strong wind area when "Siamba" is approaching its landing.

  It is worth mentioning that the Typhoon and Marine Meteorological Prediction Center of the National Meteorological Center has also held collective "consultations" for many times, applying various monitoring results such as Fengyun satellites, radars, and live products, and strengthening on-duty deployment.

Faced with the uncertainty in the forecast of the path and intensity of "Siamba" before landing, forecasters also used AI rapid enhancement algorithms, intelligent grid forecasts and other computing methods to make judgments.

  As of July 3, the Central Meteorological Observatory has issued a total of 10 typhoon warnings and more than 100 typhoon alerts, providing scientific guidance and strong guarantees for disaster prevention and hedging in affected areas.

  When a typhoon strikes, and the frequency and intensity of severe weather such as heavy rain, strong wind, and hail are increasing, it is an important part of disaster prevention and mitigation to do a good job in popular science publicity.

In the process of responding to the typhoon this time, various meteorological science departments have been "online" in various places with the help of new media platforms.

  On July 1, the "Guangdong Weather" Douyin account released a short video of "Typhoon 'Siamba' will hit western Guangdong directly tomorrow (July 2), and Guangdong will usher in violent storms", which received more than 20,000 likes in 12 hours. Aroused the attention of netizens; Shenzhen National Climate Observatory released weather forecasts through the "Shenzhen Weather" Douyin account, analyzed the travel route of "Siamba", and conducted popular science on typhoon knowledge that citizens were interested in; Jiangmen Radio and Television Station directly hit Shanzui Port, Chuandao Town On the dock site, reporters were arranged to display the latest precipitation conditions for Jiangmen citizens and publicize safety knowledge.

  The wind is fast, the people are faster.

  In addition to meteorological warnings, scientific and technological means have been fully utilized in many places to go all out to prevent secondary disasters that may be caused by the superposition of heavy rainfall, so as to solve the problem at the beginning of the bud and before the disaster occurs.

  As early as 16:00 on July 2, China Southern Power Grid Guangxi Power Grid Co., Ltd. has launched a second-level response to wind and flood prevention, and implemented various preventive measures in the form of "civil air defense + technical defense" to fully respond to typhoon "Siamba".

  On the eve of the typhoon, at the 500 kV Fucheng Substation of Guangxi Beihai Power Supply Bureau of China Southern Power Grid, the substation inspection robot can drive along the inspection trail, measure temperature, take pictures, upload data, and inspect the equipment in the substation one by one, so as to make special inspections on typhoon days. Efficient.

On Weizhou Island, Beihai, the bureau has deployed satellite portable stations on the island in advance to ensure that in the extreme case of complete communication interruption during the typhoon, the damage to the power grid and the real-time progress of repairs can be transmitted to the emergency command center in a timely manner. The emergency deployment of the command center, such as anti-typhoon repairs, is accurately returned.

  At the same time, in order to deal with "Siamba" more accurately and effectively, China Southern Power Grid Guangxi Power Grid Company carried out special patrol and special inspection of equipment by means of technological innovation, using helicopter + lidar + photoelectric pod, drone + light lidar, fixed Wing drones + multi-cameras and other methods are used to carry out refined inspections, channel inspections and emergency disaster surveys, which greatly improves the efficiency of typhoon hidden danger disposal and disaster relief repairs.

  As of 17:00 on the 3rd, more than 1.09 million households affected by typhoon "Siamba" had resumed power supply, and the recovery rate was close to 80%.

  Rescue guardian has temperature

  Natural disasters are ruthless, but there is love in the world.

  In the rainstorm and the torrent, party members and cadres stood firm day and night and fought on the front line.

  "Hello, my family has two elderly people in their 60s who are trapped in the mountains and have not returned yet..." At about 20:14 on July 3, the command center of the Huiyang Fire Rescue Brigade in Huizhou City, Guangdong Province received an alarm from the masses, saying that their The old man in the family got lost on Yinping Mountain.

At this time, the sky was dark, it was raining heavily, the situation was urgent, and the family was very anxious.

  After receiving the alarm, the brigade command center immediately dispatched personnel to the scene for rescue.

Through visits and investigations, terrain analysis and judgment, the rescue team quickly determined the rescue plan, and a group of more than ten people went up the mountain in the rain overnight to carry out investigation and rescue.

However, the strong storm and the dense bushes and shrubs affected the unclear line of sight, making rescue difficult.

Everyone opened the road with strong flashlights, bent over and hunched their backs, and moved forward cautiously. Some sections of the road even had to cross ditches. They raced against the clock to not delay.

  After searching for more than 2 hours, the rescue team finally found the two elderly people trapped on the mountainside at 23:05.

When they were found, the two old men were pale and soaked, sitting on the ground shivering.

  "Thanks to the rescue team, what would I do without you..." The trapped old man was rescued safely.

Preliminary inspection by the rescuers showed that the two elderly people were in good health, but they were a little weak due to staying in the typhoon and rainy days for 4 hours.

Rescue workers immediately added hot water and food to the trapped elderly, allowing them to recover slowly.

Afterwards, rescuers escorted the trapped down the mountain.

  The violent storm brought by "Siamba" has caused a lot of impact on the road environment.

  Trees in the green belt were blown off by the middle, and twigs and leaves stretched across the road to block traffic. The torrential rain caused serious flooding on the road.

In order to restore smooth roads as soon as possible, the traffic police department has increased road patrols, eliminated dangerous situations, and guided and maintained traffic order.

  In terms of expressways, there were many fallen trees on the sections of the Hainan Ring Road Expressway in Lingao, Danzhou, and Ledong, which affected traffic flow.

The Expressway Maintenance Management Center of the Hainan Provincial Highway Administration quickly organized emergency personnel to clean up and ensure the safe and smooth maintenance of the expressway.

  Affected by "Siamba", Wangxia Township, Changjiang Li Autonomous County, Hainan experienced heavy rain, and more than 30 landslides occurred on rural roads one after another.

After 8 hours of unremitting efforts by the rescue team of the transportation department, the 26-kilometer road from Baoshan Village in Qicha Town to Wangxia Township Government has been reopened to traffic.

  In the flood control and disaster relief exam, many places always put the safety of people's lives and property in the first place, properly relocated the affected people, strictly prevented secondary disasters, and minimized property losses.

  "After the water receded, our agricultural technicians never rested. They went to towns and villages every day to guide the masses to resume production after the disaster." The relevant person in charge said that at present, all agricultural technicians have sunk into the fields to guide farmers to seize the opportunity to replant crops such as corn, soybeans, and rice, so as to lay a solid foundation for ensuring the completion of the annual grain production task.

  Since most of the rush-harvested rice is wet rice with too much moisture, it needs to be dried in time. In the case of "the typhoon goes away and the rain does not stop", the drying equipment plays a prominent role.

  "We focus on serving the masses and try to restore the loss of the masses as much as possible." He Yongying, the relevant person in charge of the Lukang Family Farm in Maoming City, Guangdong Province, introduced that the capacity of a dryer equipped on the farm is 10 tons. one day one Night.

In order to help more farmers recover their losses, He Yongying increased the temperature of the dryer and set a batch of fast drying every 5 hours.

"Although it's not completely dry, it can be stored for a month or two without getting hot."

  "Considering the costs of transportation, loading and unloading, it is recommended that large farmers contact the nearest agricultural enterprises or cooperatives with dryers for drying, and small farmers can dry one or two acres at home with fans." Agricultural Mechanization Management of Maoming Agriculture and Rural Bureau Section Chief Zhong Xiuwei said.